Pathophy on Exudative Pleural Efffusion

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The diagram show the pathophysiology of pleural effusion having pneumonia as a risk factor. View nurse12

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Pathophy on Exudative Pleural Efffusion

  1. 1. Pathophysiology for Exudative Pleural Effusion:<br />Types of fluids: Serous (hydrothorax)<br />Blood (hemothorax)<br />Chyle (chylothorax)<br />Pus (pyothorax)<br />Causes/ Risk Factors: Pneumonia**; viral infection; lung cancer; tuberculosis<br />Inflammation of the blood vessels of the pleura<br /> Increased capillary permeability<br />Leaky blood vessel<br />Abnormal, excessive collection of pleural fluid in the pleural space<br />Inflammation of the parietal pleura<br />(since the visceral pleura is not innervatedshortness of breath<br />and thus not sensitive to pain)dyspnea<br />dry, nonproductive cough<br />dull/ flat note upon lung percussion<br />feverdiminished or absent breath sound upon auscultation<br />chest pain described as pleuritic<br />(sharp pain, worsening with a deep breath)<br /> DEATH<br />

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