THE NATURE OFLEARNER LANGUAGE   Nuri Fajarwati (2201410021)
Error and Error Analysis     Reasons for focusing on error:          To know the causes of learners‘ error          It‘s...
Error and Error AnalysisSteps in Analysing Learners Errors       1. Identifying       2. Describing       3. Explaining   ...
Error and Error Analysis1. Identifying Errors        comparison of sentences produced by the learners with the        cor...
Error and Error Analysis       How to distinguish errors and mistakes        checking the consistency of learners’ perfor...
Error and Error Analysis2. Describing Errors       Classification into types (two ways)        classifying into grammatic...
Error and Error Analysis3. Explaining Errors       Systematic Errors       L2 learners create rules on their own, differen...
Error and Error Analysis       Overgeneralized Errors       L2 learners overgeneralize form that they find easy to learn  ...
Error and Error Analysis4. Errors Evaluation        Purpose: to help learners to learn an L2.        Global errors (viol...
Developmental Pattern     The Early Stages of L2 Acquisition          Silent period          formulaic chunks           ...
Developmental Pattern     The Order of Acquisition          Accuracy order           > collect samples of learner languag...
Developmental Pattern     Sequence of Acquisition          Transitional construction          > a process of a particular...
Developmental Pattern     Some Implications     The conclusions from the study of learner errors     (L2 acquisition)     ...
Developmental Pattern  A key question for both SLA and languageteaching is whether the orders and sequences of acquisition...
Variability in Learner Language1. Linguistic context       The use of one form in one context while in other contexts    ...
Variability in Learner Language2. Situational context       Learners are no different from native speakers3. Psycholingui...
Variability in Learner Language    Form-function mappings    Free variation    FossilizationThe Nature of Learner Langu...
Thank you.The Nature of Learners Language Page 18
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The nature of learners language

  1. 1. THE NATURE OFLEARNER LANGUAGE Nuri Fajarwati (2201410021)
  2. 2. Error and Error Analysis Reasons for focusing on error:  To know the causes of learners‘ error  It‘s useful for teacher to know what errors learners make  Making errors may help learners to learnThe Nature of Learner Language  Page 2
  3. 3. Error and Error AnalysisSteps in Analysing Learners Errors 1. Identifying 2. Describing 3. Explaining 4. EvaluatingThe Nature of Learner Language  Page 3
  4. 4. Error and Error Analysis1. Identifying Errors  comparison of sentences produced by the learners with the correct sentences in the target language  distinction: error & mistake > error reflects gaps in a learner‘s knowledge > mistake reflects occasional lapses in performanceThe Nature of Learner Language  Page 4
  5. 5. Error and Error Analysis How to distinguish errors and mistakes  checking the consistency of learners’ performance  asking learners to try to correct their own deviant utterancesThe Nature of Learner Language  Page 5
  6. 6. Error and Error Analysis2. Describing Errors Classification into types (two ways)  classifying into grammatical categories  trying to identify general ways in which the learners utterances differ from target-language utterances - omission : leaving out items which are required for grammatical correctness - misinformation: use of one grammatical form instead of another - misordering : putting words in a wrong orderThe Nature of Learner Language  Page 6
  7. 7. Error and Error Analysis3. Explaining Errors Systematic Errors L2 learners create rules on their own, different to the rules of the target language Universal Errors L2 learners commit the same grammatical errorsThe Nature of Learner Language  Page 7
  8. 8. Error and Error Analysis Overgeneralized Errors L2 learners overgeneralize form that they find easy to learn and process Transfer Errors L2 learners attempt to make use of their L1 knowledgeThe Nature of Learner Language  Page 8
  9. 9. Error and Error Analysis4. Errors Evaluation  Purpose: to help learners to learn an L2.  Global errors (violate the overall structure of a sentence)  Local error (affect only a single constituent in a sentence)The Nature of Learner Language  Page 9
  10. 10. Developmental Pattern The Early Stages of L2 Acquisition  Silent period  formulaic chunks use of fix expressions  propositional simplificationThe Nature of Learner Language  Page 10
  11. 11. Developmental Pattern The Order of Acquisition  Accuracy order > collect samples of learner language and identify how accurately each future is used by different learnersThe Nature of Learner Language  Page 11
  12. 12. Developmental Pattern Sequence of Acquisition  Transitional construction > a process of a particular grammatical structure acquisition  U-shaped course of development  RestructuringThe Nature of Learner Language  Page 12
  13. 13. Developmental Pattern Some Implications The conclusions from the study of learner errors (L2 acquisition)  systematic  universal reflecting ways in which:  internal cognitive mechanism acquisition  irrespective of the personal background of learners  the setting in which they learnThe Nature of Learner Language  Page 13
  14. 14. Developmental Pattern A key question for both SLA and languageteaching is whether the orders and sequences of acquisition can be altered through informal instruction.The Nature of Learner Language  Page 14
  15. 15. Variability in Learner Language1. Linguistic context  The use of one form in one context while in other contexts learners use alternate forms.  The involvement of the crucial element in the linguistic to some other constituent of the utterance.  The effect: one linguistic form can trigger the use of another form.The Nature of Learner Language  Page 15
  16. 16. Variability in Learner Language2. Situational context  Learners are no different from native speakers3. Psycholinguistics context  Learners could plan their production.The Nature of Learner Language  Page 16
  17. 17. Variability in Learner Language  Form-function mappings  Free variation  FossilizationThe Nature of Learner Language  Page 17
  18. 18. Thank you.The Nature of Learners Language Page 18

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