Wetlands project Results_for_2010__eng

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Wetlands project Results_for_2010__eng

  1. 1. GEF/UNDP/RoK Government Project ‘‘ Integrated Conservation of Priority Globally Significant Migratory Bird Wetland Habitat: A Demonstration on Three Sites’ Talgat Kerteshev, National Project Manager Astana , 2010
  2. 2. 1. National wetland biodiversity conservation policy , regulatory and institutional framework approved and in place <ul><li>RoK Government Resolution No. 567 dd. 14 June 2010 approved the Rules of Classifying Water Bodies as Wetlands of International and National Significance . </li></ul><ul><li>Order of the Minister of Agriculture No. 292 dd. 26 April 2010 approved the National Register of Wetlands of International and National Significance . </li></ul><ul><li>Seven wetlands have been recognized as Ramsar Sites, with total area of 1,626,768 ha . </li></ul><ul><li>Wetlands of international significance : 1.  Alakol-Sassykkol lakes 2.  Ural river delta and adjacent Caspian coast 3.  Zharsor-Urkash shors 4.  Koibagar - Tyuntyugur lakes 5.  Kulykol-Taldykol lakes 6.  Naurzum lakes 7.  Teniz-Korgalzhyn lakes </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. National wetland biodiversity conservation policy , regulatory and institutional framework approved and in place <ul><li>Draft Resolution to approve the Regulation on Protected Zone of the Korgalzhyn Nature Reserve is being reviewed by Akimats of Akmola and Karaganda Oblasts . </li></ul><ul><li>Draft Resolution to approve the Regulation on Protected Zone of the Akzhaiyk Nature Reserve is being reviewed by Atyrau City Akimat . </li></ul><ul><li>RoK Government Resolution dd . 5 October 2010, No . 1025 ‘ On some issues of the expansion of the Alakol State Nature Reserve ’ expanded the Alakol State Nature Reserve of the Committee for Forestry and Hunting, MoA with additional 45,505 ha in East Kazakhstan Oblast. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. National wetland biodiversity conservation policy , regulatory and institutional framework approved and in place
  5. 5. 2. Strengthened Protected Area Management Indicators Ural river delta Tengiz-Korgalzhyn Alakol-Sassykkol Higher plants Fish Birds 204 76 103 166 17 112 249 17 107 PA status Akzhaiyk Reserve Korgalzhyn Reserve Alakol Reserve Area of globally significant wetlands , 000 ha 2 80 . 0 1 602 . 6 9 14. 7 PAs , 000 ha 111.5 543.2 65.2 % PA coverage 39.8 (0% - 2004) 33.9 (16.2% - 2004) 7.1 (1.4% - 2004)
  6. 6. 1. In January-February 2011, the Project initiated holding meetings of Scientific and Technical Boards of the Alakol, Akzhaiyk and Korgalzhyn SNRs; the meetings were to analyze Boards’ performance in 2009 and 2010 work plans . 2. Draft Management Plan of Akzhaiyk SNR was endorsed by CFH . 3. Globally Significant Bird Species Management Action Plans were integrated into the operational plans and 2010-2014 perspective research plans of three project PAs . Management Plans were issued as manuals . 2. Strengthened Protected Area Management
  7. 7. 4. 2004-2010 Biodiversity Monitoring Programme data was analyzed in three PAs . 5. During a workshop in Almaty on May 26-27, the project provided an update on the preparation of nomination dossier for inclusion of the Korgalzhyn SNR into the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve List. MAB and UNESCO representatives provided their feedback and proposals to make the nomination in 2010 . 2. Strengthened Protected Area Management
  8. 8. 6. Two agreements were signed between Kazhydromet and Korgalzhyn SNR, Kazhydromet and Alakol SNR enabling joint habitat monitoring activities after the project is completed . 7. Fish Fauna Monitoring Manual was prepared for the Akzhaiyk SNR . 8. The populations of globally significant species remain at the baseline level or increase . 2. Strengthened Protected Area Management
  9. 9. 9. To advance the ecosystem approach to planning new wetlands-based PAs the project is doing fieldwork to prepare scientific justification for establishing a PA in Ili river delta . A research team consisting of geobotanist , florist , mammalogist , ornithologist , soil scientist, map-maker and ecosystem expert is doing fieldwork in Ili river delta and Southern Balkhash lake . 10. Scientific justification for establishing a PA in Ili river delta and Southern Balkhash lake was prepared . 11. Three strictly protected zones, or strictly protected clusters, were identified in the anticipated PA : Topar, Zhideli and Karoi ( total area of 546,0 00 ha ) as well as a buffer zone of 608,0 00 ha . 11. On November 19, there was a meeting attended by experts , Almaty Oblast Akimat and other stakeholders to discuss establishment of a PA in Balkhash region . 2. Strengthened Protected Area Management
  10. 10. 2. Strengthened Protected Area Management
  11. 11. 16. On September 6 -1 0 , the Alakol SNR hosted a steppe fire fighting demonstration workshop . The workshop was attended by state inspectors from 7 Pas: Alakol SNR (12 people), Barsakelmes SNR (2 people), Ustyurt SNR (2 people), Korgalzhyn SNR (1 person), Akzhayik SNR (2 people), Irgiz-Torgai SNNR (2 people) and Bayanauyl SNNR (1 person), Alakol Ormany forestry station (8 people) and representatives of volunteer fire teams from three rural districts (3 people) which border on the workshop venue and PA . 17. On September 28 – October 1, the Korgalzhyn SNR hosted and shared experience with Research and Monitoring section of the Akzhaiyk SNR . 18. On October 4 - 6 , a two day workshop was delivered for the Akzhaiyk SNR staff (Ecoeducation and Tourism section) . 2. Strengthened Protected Area Management
  12. 12. 2. Strengthened Protected Area Management
  13. 13. 19. On October 10-13, PA national expert participated in an international workshop on practices of sustainable wetland ecosystem management in Urmia, Iran 2. Strengthened Protected Area Management 20. On October 25-30, O . Koshkina , Site Biodiversity Expert , participated in a training workshop ‘ Migratory Approach to the Conservation and Sound Use of Waterfowl and Semi-Aquatic Birds and Wetlands ’, held by Wetlands International in cooperation with the Association for Biodiversity Conservation in Kazakhstan (ABCK) for Central Asian AEWA countries (in Astana and Korgalzhyn village, as hosted by the Korgalzhyn SNR) .
  14. 14. Photo by Y.Levinski
  15. 15. 3. Increased stakeholder awareness and support <ul><li>On September 11 , the 2010 Flamingo Festival took place in Korgalzhyn village . On September 16, the Festival was held at the Oblast level, in Kokshetau. </li></ul><ul><li>On September 27, the project activities in ecotourism were presented during a side event during the 6th Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development in Asia and Pacific. </li></ul>
  16. 16. 3. Increased stakeholder awareness and support On May 25-26, the National Student Debate Tournament took place as hosted by the Gumilev Eurasian University. On November 06-07, the same university hosted municipal debate tournament ‘Biodiversity is the Life We All Need’ . On June 4 , republican and municipal mass media made a tour to the Teniz-Korgalzhyn project site 4. The republican mass media then covered issues of the Korgalzhyn SNR, as well as issues of the biodiversity conservation in the project site .
  17. 17. 3. Increased stakeholder awareness and support <ul><li>The existing Nature Museum of the Alakol SNR was refurbished and modernized to enable delivery of training courses and excursions. </li></ul><ul><li>New exhibits were produced and installed the Nature Museum , wall painting was renovated and now the walls demonstrate views of the Alakol PA , dioramas and tables were also produced. </li></ul><ul><li>On July 15, there was a presentation of the the renovated Nature Museum of the Alakol SNR . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Visitors of the Nature Museum, Alakol SNR No. RoK citizens 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 1. Local residents - - - - - - 39 2. Schoolchildren 600 635 640 652 720 795 51 3. Urban citizens - - - - - - 50 No. Foreigners Visitors in 2010 1. Holland 1
  19. 19. Further integration of wetland conservation issues into school curricula in three project sites Ural River delta <ul><li>Together with the Institute of Advanced Training for Teachers the project made a presentation of ‘Teaching Wetlands Lessons’ to teachers of chemistry, biology and geography . </li></ul><ul><li>A workshop for schoolchildren was delivered in the Young Naturalist Station to pilot optional ecology lessons with a focus on wetlands conservation. The workshop was attended by members of Young Naturalist and Ornithology groups as well as other schoolchildren from Altynsarin school . </li></ul><ul><li>The dissemination of the Ecology training programme resulted in the introduction of ecology lessons in the project site schools. One lesson per week will be delivered in 5-6-7 grades. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Further integration of wetland conservation issues into school curricula in three project sites A lakol-Sassykkol lakes <ul><li>The project provided assistance to Atameken Ecoclub for its participation in the oblast ecological contest devoted to the World Environment Day. Atameken team took 3rd place in exhibition category, 1st place for a lesson on natural resources conservation and Grand Prix for an essay on the conservation of wetlands . </li></ul><ul><li>During the year the pilot schools in AS project site delivered demonstration lessons and workshops to implement the wetlands conservation training programme . </li></ul><ul><li>On August 20, the ASNR hosted sectional lessons on ‘ Implementation of Ecotourism in PAs ’ and ‘ Building New Ecological Thinking through Children’s Ecological Movement ’. The sessions were attended by teachers from 17 schools of the AS project site and 22 schools from other areas . </li></ul>
  21. 21. Further integration of wetland conservation issues into school curricula in three project sites Teniz-Korgalzhyn lakes <ul><li>Together with the methodological section of Korgalzhyn rayon education authority the project monitored implementation of wetlands curricula in schools of Korgalzhyn rayon . The training programmed has been integrated in the curricula of all schools except for Sabundy school . The school is beyond the project site, however, the school administration committed to implement the programme in 2010-2011 academic year. </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of wetlands training programme is continuously monitored in the project site schools . For this 5 schools were visited from the beginning of 2010-2011 academic year (2 schools in Korgalzhyn village, schools in Maishukur, Zhanteke and Shalkar villages). There were meetings with deputy directors of schools to discuss inclusion of wetlands training programmes into the tariffication of school programmes . Monitoring was performed on September 7-8. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Further integration of wetland conservation issues into school curricula in three project sites <ul><li>For effective implementation of the strategy the project issued the following printed outputs : two modules ‘Wetlands Flora in Kazakhstan’ and ‘Water World of Kazakhstan’ for schoolchildren under the dedicated wetlands conservation curricula. </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations and training workshops were delivered for pilot school teachers in three project sites . After implementing the ecoeducation programme and modules there are plans to hold a nation-wide contest among teachers from the pilot schools. </li></ul>
  23. 23. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes 19 ongoing projects: AS -9, ТК-6, URD -4 projects 15 completed projects: AS -7, ТК-8 projects 34 projects in total Progress status as of 2010
  24. 24. Development of alternative sustainable livelihoods 23 grant projects, $ 370 . 3 k 11 microcrediting subprojects, $ 260 k 34 projects in total Sources of financing
  25. 25. Areas of grant subprojects Soil degradation control Development of aquaculture , sustainable fishery management Demonstration of alternative energy sources Water-efficient processes Sustainable hunting management Ecotourism development Sustainable pasture management Grants
  26. 26. Areas of microcrediting subprojects Improvement of hay fields Ethnic clothes sewing Utilization of local materials and wastes Koumiss production small shops Development of small greenhouses Development of homestays Microcredits
  27. 27. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes 1 . ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT 1) Ecotourism development in Dzungarian Alatau ( Zhamanty tract ) to reduce burden on the lake ecosystems. Performed by Alakol Tabigaty 2) Creation of a specialized ecological route to implement the ecotourism concept , infrastructure development, local community capacity building in ecotourism in Koktuma village . Performed by Ecooasis NGO
  28. 28. <ul><li>Geographic Schematic Map of Ecoroutes in AS Project Site </li></ul>
  29. 29. Ecoroutes in AS Project Site Major tourism types : walking , mountain , horse , water , car , educational, ornithological , therapeutic <ul><li>Route 1 ‘Unique Flora and Fauna of Alakol Reserve’ </li></ul><ul><li>Route 2 ‘Relic Seagull Islands’ </li></ul><ul><li>Route 3 ‘Beskol Lakes’ . </li></ul><ul><li>Route 4 ‘Lagoon Lakes of Alakol’ </li></ul><ul><li>Route 5 ‘Kyzylkayin Gorge’ </li></ul><ul><li>Route 6 ‘Auezov Museum of Alakol Reserve, denrological park’ </li></ul><ul><li>Route 7 ‘In Dzungarian Alatau Ridges’ </li></ul><ul><li>Route 8 ‘Barlyk-Arasan Thermal Spring’ </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Geographic Schematic Map of Ecoroutes in TK Project Site </li></ul>
  31. 31. Ecoroutes in TK Project Site Major tourism types : walking , horse , water , car , educational, ornithological <ul><li>Route 1 ‘ Bird Kingdom ’ </li></ul><ul><li>Route 2 ‘Flamingo’ </li></ul><ul><li>Route 3 ‘Going on a Wild Path’ </li></ul><ul><li>Route 4 ‘Visiting Fishermen’ </li></ul><ul><li>Route 5 ‘Amazing Bird Site’ </li></ul><ul><li>Route 6 ‘Visitng Sadyrbai Village’ . </li></ul>
  32. 32. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes Development of educational tourism in the protected zone of the Alakol PA through arrangement of a tourist route
  33. 33. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes Making of souvenir felt and wooden items , development of handicrafts and osier basket making
  34. 34. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes <ul><li>ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>On March 27-28 , 2010 Korgalzhyn village in the Tengiz-Korgalzhyn project site hosted a workshop ‘Improving Tourist Services’ . </li></ul><ul><li>On April 8 , the project team participated in the 7 th Akmola Tourism Fair ‘Tourism. Health. Travel 2010’ . </li></ul><ul><li>On August 26-27 , the project team participated in an international conference ‘Ecotourism Development in Kazakhstan’, Karaganda city . </li></ul><ul><li>On September 27, the project activities in ecotourism were presented during a side event of the 6th Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development in Asia and Pacific . </li></ul>
  35. 35. Development of Alternative and Sustainable Livelihoods – Phase 5 <ul><li>Project Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>In 2010, the project team together with the Fund of Financial Support to Agriculture and GEF SGP monitored microcrediting and grant projects in three project sites . </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring reports were prepared to present the implementation status and progress of the microcrediting projects . </li></ul><ul><li>The projects are in line with the project goals and objectives . </li></ul>
  36. 36. Development of Alternative and Sustainable Livelihoods – Phase 6 <ul><li>Dissemination of best practice </li></ul><ul><li>The Project issued a manual ‘Alternative Livelihoods: Key Approaches and Lessons Learnt’ </li></ul><ul><li>On March 18-19 , the project together with KazAgroInnovation JSC held an international scientific and practical conference ‘Implementation of Innovative Approaches to Sustainable Agriculture Management at Productive Landscapes’ </li></ul>
  37. 37. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes <ul><li>The Project developed a Framework Plan for Sustainable Use of Productive Landscapes Surrounding PAs </li></ul><ul><li>( case study of Teniz-Korgalzhyn, Alakol-Sassykkol lakes and Ural River delta with adjacent Caspian coast ). </li></ul><ul><li>The Framework Plan is a document which brings together economy sectors affecting the biodiversity and it is a strategic action plan for the conservation of wetlands and surrounding areas . </li></ul>
  38. 38. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes в продуктивных ландшафтах <ul><li>Sustainable Fishery Management Programme was prepared with a view to implement sustainable fishery management practice in URD. The Programme has reconciled with the Fishery Committee and at the moment it is being reconciled at the site level. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Specifics of Game Management in Wetlands and Game Management Planning’ Guideline has been drafted to disseminate sustainable game management. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Implementation of Tabigi Orta Microcrediting Programme <ul><li>On August 5 , 201 0, the Committee for Forestry and Hunting and the Fund for Financial Assistance to Agriculture signed a Cooperation Agreement to implement the Microcrediting Programme . </li></ul><ul><li>Programme duration : </li></ul><ul><li>August 2010 – August 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>Programme envelope : USD 940 ,000. </li></ul><ul><li>The Programme is intended to </li></ul><ul><li>cover villages in the surroundings </li></ul><ul><li>of 24 PAs in Kazakhstan. </li></ul>
  40. 40. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes в продуктивных ландшафтах 2. SUSTAINABLE FISHERY MANAGEMENT Project ‘Mitigating Consequences of Ineffective Use of Bioresources at Koshkarkol Lake, a Key Bird Area, Restoring its Biodiversity Through Sustainable Fishing Practices’ Проект. Implemented by Alakol Tabigary together with GEF SGP
  41. 41. Project’s Approaches to Implement Sustainable Fishery Management for a Demonstration Site, Koshkarkol Lake Conceptual approaches to sustainable fishery management include : introduction of sustainable fishery management indicators , improvement of methods for assessing optimal allowable catch , minimal allowable catch, fishing intensity , creation of conditions for fish stock reproduction and community-based fishery management as well as improvement of fishery legislation . The Concept was based on the FAO’s Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries implemented internationally . The Project approaches were summarized in the Guidelines: Sustainable Fishery Management at Koshkarkol Lake, issued in Kazakh and Russian .
  42. 42. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes <ul><li>3. Reduction of water consumption from the Tentek river through rehabilitation of the irrigation network and use of water efficient processes in the Alakol-Sassykkol project site </li></ul><ul><li>Eight rural water users’ cooperatives have been established in AS project site ( there are plans to bring them together into water users’ associations ); </li></ul><ul><li>A digger and a welding machine were purchased and handed over to Zhagatal cooperative ; </li></ul><ul><li>Bushes and small forest were extracted at the area of 5 ha , 4.5 km of channel was cleaned , 3.3 km collector was cleaned , 18 km of channel was cut and levelled , and 4 dam beans were repaired . </li></ul><ul><li>Water overflows from the supply channel were reduced , irrigation schedules were normalized and the irrigating draft was reduced from the Tentek river according to the project’s recommendations ( by a factor of 1 . 5). </li></ul><ul><li>5. A digger and a welding machine were purchased and handed over to another, SU cooperative </li></ul>
  43. 43. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes 3. Reduction of water consumption from the Tentek river through rehabilitation of the irrigation network and use of water efficient processes in the Alakol-Sassykkol project site 6. Production of vegetables and cucurbit crops at the area of 3 ha using plastic mulch film . Implemented by DAN Farm Results : 1) with slow water absorption and lasting water conservation in the ribs the water consumption was proven to reduce by 30-35%; 2) due to longer vegetation period by 25-45 days the maturation was accelerated and the productivity doubled ; 3) the crops were irrigated 8-9 times rather than 21-23 times ; 4) the productivity increased by 2.5 times and the maturation reduced by 20-25 days ; 5) the profit from 3 ha is equal to the profit of soy cultivation at 40 ha .
  44. 44. Sustainable Agriculture <ul><li>Primary objective : </li></ul><ul><li>To implement sustainable and environmentally benign agricultural practices based on soil protective and water saving technologies and using alternative energy sources . </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary objective : </li></ul><ul><li>2) To take into account the issues of adapting farming and natural pastures to potential climate changes when implementing activities . </li></ul>
  45. 45. Sustainable Agriculture Projects <ul><li>1. Total number of sustainable agriculture projects : </li></ul><ul><li>17 projects, including 13 grant projects and 4 microcrediting projects . </li></ul><ul><li>2. Seven 1 kW solar generators and one 3 kW solar generator were installed during Phase 1 . </li></ul><ul><li>3. Phase 2 included sustainable agriculture activities ( rehabilitation of abandoned and degraded land , pasture enhancement , water supply , assistance in establishing Rural Associations of Water Users and repair of irrigation systems , restoration of distant pasture grazing, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and dissemination of lessons learnt. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Cost-effectiveness of environmentally benign technologies Indicators Farmer’s costs and revenues under different technologies , $ Conventional Environmentally benign Gross sowing after low impact land treatment Direct grass sowing to a stubble field Total costs per 1 ha 85.75 48. 9 4 3 . 0 Hay yield , t / ha 1.5 1.5 1.5 Market price of hay , $ / ha 85.0 85.0 85.0 Sale proceeds , $ 127.5 127.5 127.5 Farmer’s profit , $ / ha 41.75 78. 6 84 .5
  47. 47. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes 4. Implementation of environmentally benign soil degradation control technologies at the northern shore of Alakol lake Land Degradation Control Programme was developed and implemented. The Programme is intended to increase degraded land productivity by sowing adapted to local conditions perennial grass species at the area of 300 ha and using minimum treatment , arranging pasture rotation and using alternative energy sources. Implemented by Urdzhar-Yet , GEF SGP, GosNPTszem
  48. 48. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes 5. Sustainable pasture management in Birlestik Pastures were improved at the area of 20 ha for cattle grazing .
  49. 49. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes <ul><li>6. Reducing impact of fires on wetlands in the Alakol-Sassykkol project site </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteer fire brigades were established in 8 rural districts , procedures were set up for coordination among rayon Akimat , emergency authorities , conservation entities , local communities and farms . </li></ul><ul><li>Backpack fire extinguishers were handed over to the volunteer fire brigades and Alakol SNR staff. </li></ul><ul><li>The Project provided assistance in organizing and delivering a training workshop on steppe fire control techniques and fire safety requirements, etc. There are plans to hold an experience sharing workshop and invite other project PAs to participate . </li></ul>
  50. 50. 4. Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands biodiversity at productive landscapes <ul><li>7. Introduction of alternative energy sources in remote farms and in cordons of the Alakol SNR </li></ul><ul><li>Three 1kW solar generators were installed at the cattle wintering sites of Amanov A Farm (Alakol rayon) , Urdzhar-Yet (Urdzhar rayon) and in the Alakol SNR . </li></ul><ul><li>3kW photovoltaic stations were installed in Togyztubek and Baibala cordons of the Alakol SNR . </li></ul>
  51. 51. Thank you!

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