Functional zoning and implementation of the ecosystem approach kerteshev wetlands_2011_may_eng


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Functional Zoning suggested by Wetlands Project for biodiversity conservation on three project sites

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Functional zoning and implementation of the ecosystem approach kerteshev wetlands_2011_may_eng

  1. 1. Functional Zoning and Implementation of the Ecosystem Approach in Planning Project Activities in Three Wetlands in Kazakhstan Talgat Kerteshev National Manager Wetlands Project
  2. 2. Project Objective and Outcomes <ul><li>Project objective is to demonstrate integrated methods of biodiversity conservation and sustainable use at three priority wetlands </li></ul><ul><li>Project outcomes : </li></ul><ul><li>National wetland biodiversity conservation policy, regulatory and institutional framework approved and in place </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthened Protected Area Management </li></ul><ul><li>Increased stakeholder awareness and support </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders empowered to sustainable utilize the productive landscape around priority </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity Conservation Fund </li></ul>
  3. 3. Demonstration on Three Sites
  4. 4. Key threats to the wetlands <ul><ul><li>Unsustainable use of biological resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uncontrolled visits / tourism in the wetlands </li></ul><ul><li>Unsustainable use of water resources </li></ul>
  5. 5. Assessment of the current status of three wetlands based on the ecosystem approach <ul><li>In 2004-2006 the Project conducted comprehensive field surveys to assess the current status of the biodiversity , terrestrial and aquatic habitats as well as social and economic conditions in three wetlands . </li></ul><ul><li>For the first time in Kazakhstan, research methodologies based on the specification of aquatic and terrestrial types of ecosystems were endorsed. Key and monitoring higher plant and animal species were identified with a reference to the identified types of ecosystems. </li></ul><ul><li>The research findings became the basis for expanding the Alakol and Korgalzhyn Reserves as well as for establishing a new nature reservat, Akzhaiyk, in the Ural river delta with adjacent Caspian coast ( based on key species ) and for arranging monitoring of biodiversity and habitats ( based on monitoring species ) . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cartographic Method The map of ecosystems is the linchpin which structures the natural information as the basis for future land-use planning ( PA system, ecological networks, sustainable development zones ) ecosystems sample points overlay analysis ecosystem valuation
  7. 10. Types of ecosystems Project sites Alakol-Sassykkol lakes Teniz-Korgalzhyn lakes Ural river delta and adjacent Caspian coast Ecosystems identified: 59 Ecosystems identified: 116 Ecosystems identified: 23
  8. 12. Biodiversity and PAs Indicators Ural river delta Tengiz-Korgalzhyn Alakol- Sassykkol Higher plants Fish Birds 204 76 103 166 17 112 249 17 107 PA status Akzhaiyk Reservat Korgalzhyn Reserve Alakol Reserve Area of globally significant wetlands , 000 ha 2 80 . 0 1 602 . 6 9 14. 7 PAs , 000 ha 111.5 543.2 65.2 % PA coverage 39.8 (0% - 2004) 33.9 (16.2% - 2004) 7.1 (1.4% - 2004)
  9. 13. Результаты орнитологических исследований
  10. 14. Functional Zoning <ul><li>The basis for land-use planning by the Project is the identification of functional zones in the entire project site (URL, TK and AS). </li></ul><ul><li>A functional zone is based on the key principle of wetlands protection which is implemented at two levels: 1) through targeted protection of protected areas ; and 2) creation of an effective system for nature use regulation throughout a wetland site </li></ul>
  11. 15. Functional Zones <ul><li>PA zone ( reserve status, protected zone ) </li></ul><ul><li>Recreational zone </li></ul><ul><li>Water resource zone </li></ul><ul><li>Zone of regulated nature use with below subzones : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a ) subzone of environmentally benign farming and traditional cattle breeding ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b ) subzone of pasture ecosystem restoration and mobile grazing ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c ) subzone of driving-pasture grazing ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d ) subzone of environmentally benign irrigated farming ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e ) hunting subzone ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>f ) fishery subzone . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Settlement zone </li></ul>
  12. 19. Development of alternative sustainable livelihoods 23 grant projects, $ 370 . 3 k 11 microcrediting subprojects, $ 260 k 34 subprojects in total Sources of financing
  13. 20. Areas of grant subprojects Soil degradation control Development of aquaculture , sustainable fishery management Demonstration of alternative energy sources Water-efficient processes Sustainable hunting management Ecotourism development Sustainable pasture management Grants
  14. 21. Areas of microcrediting subprojects Improvement of hay fields Ethnic clothes sewing Utilization of local materials and wastes Koumiss production small shops Development of small greenhouses Development of homestays Microcredits
  15. 22. 1 . 1. Ecotourism development in Dzungarian Alatau ( Zhamanty tract ) to reduce burden on the lake ecosystems. Performed by Alakol Tabigaty NGO ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT 2) Creation of a specialized ecological route to implement the ecotourism concept , infrastructure development, local community capacity building in ecotourism in Koktuma village . Performed by Ecooasis NGO
  16. 23. ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT Development of informative tourism in the protected zone in the Alakol Reserve through the arrangement of a tourist route
  17. 24. ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT Making of souvenir felt and wooden items , development of handicrafts and osier basket making
  18. 25. SUSTAINABLE FISHERY MANAGEMENT METHODS <ul><li>Conceptual approaches to sustainable fishery management include : introduction of sustainable fishery management indicators , improvement of methods for assessing optimal allowable catch , minimal allowable catch, fishing intensity , creation of conditions for fish stock reproduction and community-based fishery management as well as improvement of fishery legislation . </li></ul><ul><li>The Concept was based on the FAO’s Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries implemented internationally . </li></ul><ul><li>The Project approaches were summarized in the Guidelines: Sustainable Fishery Management at Koshkarkol Lake, issued in Kazakh and Russian . </li></ul>
  20. 27. Details of the demonstration sites 35 . 8 53 . 9 28 . 2 % coverage 327 . 5 876 . 0 80 . 9 Agricultural land 9 14 . 7 1 , 6 26 . 0 2 8 7.3 Area of globally significant wetlands, 000 ha Alakol Reserve Korgalzhyn Reserve Akzhaiyk Reservat PA status 24/ 37 , 564 15/11 , 000 1996 – 22 , 725 16/23 , 197 Settlements/ population 249 17 107 166 17 112 204 76 103 Number of species : Higher plants Fish Birds Alakol-Sassykkol Teniz-Korgalzhyn Ural river delta Indicators
  21. 28. Development of Sustainable Agriculture <ul><li>1. Total number of sustainable agriculture projects : </li></ul><ul><li>17 projects, including 13 grant projects and 4 microcrediting projects . </li></ul><ul><li>2. Seven 1 kW solar generators and one 3 kW solar generator were installed during Phase 1 . </li></ul><ul><li>3. Phase 2 included sustainable agriculture activities ( rehabilitation of abandoned and degraded land , pasture enhancement , water supply , assistance in establishing Rural Associations of Water Users and repair of irrigation systems , restoration of distant pasture grazing, etc.). </li></ul>
  22. 29. Implementation of Water Efficient Processes Reduced water consumption from the Tentek river by repairing the irrigation network and using water-efficient processes in the Alakol-Sassykkol project site 1. Cultivation of vegetable and cucurbit crops at the area of 3 ha using film covers, by DAN Farm Result : 1) with slow water absorption and lasting water conservation in the ribs the water consumption was proven to reduce by 30-35%; 2) due to longer vegetation period by 25-45 days the maturation was accelerated and the productivity doubled ; 3) the crops were irrigated 8-9 times rather than 21-23 times ; 4) the productivity increased by 2.5 times and the maturation reduced by 20-25 days ; 5) the profit from 3 ha is equal to the profit of soy cultivation at 40 ha .
  23. 30. CONCLUSIONS <ul><li>For the first time in Kazakhstan the Project identified types of ecosystems in three wetlands; this was the basis for assessing the current status of the ecosystems and biodiversity . </li></ul><ul><li>The PA system was enlarged as two PAs were expanded and one new PA was established; this was done by identifying the value of the ecosystems based on the distribution of key plant and animal species . </li></ul><ul><li>Systemic monitoring programme was implemented based on the monitoring of indicator species with a link to their habitats . </li></ul><ul><li>Three project sites were zoned with the implementation of sustainable land management methods , and this serves to the implementation of the land legislation ( Article 8 of the Land Code ). </li></ul><ul><li>The zoning approaches can be later used by local governments to zone the lands surrounding the wetlands to identify the usage purposes and regimes .            </li></ul>
  24. 31. THANK YOU !