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For student of Furniture technology @ Furniture design @ wood sc and technology

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  1. 1. FUR 406 DEPARTMENTS IN FURNITURE INDUSTRY (LIVING ROOM) GROUP 3 MEMBERS : Nur Amalina Binti Razali Nur Atiqah Binti Najib Hamzah Bin Mohamed
  2. 2. Example Of Living Room Furniture Cupboard Sofa TV Cabinet Coffee Table
  3. 3. Provides supplies by identifying needs Provides communication systems by identifying needs; evaluating options; maintaining equipment; approving invoices. Maintains administrative staff by recruiting, selecting, orienting, and training employees; maintaining a safe and secure work environment; developing personal growth opportunities. Accomplishes staff results Planning, monitoring and appraising job results; coaching, counseling, and disciplining employees
  4. 4. Purchases printed materials by obtaining requirements, price, quality, and delivery Completes special projects by organizing and coordinating information and requirements; planning, arranging, and meeting schedules; monitoring results. Provides historical reference by developing and utilizing filing and retrieval systems Maintains continuity among corporate, division, and local work teams by documenting and communicating actions, irregularities, and continuing needs.
  5. 5. Maintain professional and technical knowledge by attending educational workshops, benchmarking professional standards, reviewing professional publications, establishing personal networks Contributes to team effort by accomplishing related results as needed Improves program and service quality by devising new applications; updating procedures; evaluating system results with users. Achieves financial objectives by anticipating requirements; submitting information for budget preparation; scheduling expenditures; monitoring costs; analyzing variances
  6. 6. Materials for furniture can be divided into few categories ; wood Non wood forest resources Raw materials Non wood
  7. 7. 1.Wood-solid wood -wood composite(plywood, LVL, OSB) 2.Non wood forest resources (rattan, bamboo) 3.Non wood (plastic, metals, aluminium, marble, stone and thermoplastic)
  8. 8.  Totally from sawn timber. Types of sawn timber -heavy hardwood(750-1000kg/m³) -medium hardwood(650-750kg/m³) -light hardwood(400-650kg/m³) -softwood 
  9. 9.  Made up from engineered wood product  Examples; MDF, OSB, Plywood, Particleboard, WPC  Propose using wood composite: -minimize the used of solid wood -prices is cheaper than solid wood -utilize the usage of residue -minimize the production cost
  10. 10.  1)thermosetting -cured by chemical reaction through catalyst/ heat at time of application -cannot reversed into its original state -eg:PF, MF, UF  2)thermoplastic -normally supplied ready to used -can change back to its original form by heat -eg: PVA, PVC, PU, Vinyl
  11. 11.  3)plastic laminates @decorative board -consist of two different types of plastic and three types of paper.  4)metals -there are two categories :100%metals and metal+other materials -uses for formation of furniture part:arm, chair, legs
  12. 12.  Dimensional stable  No defect from pets and insect  Can be used outdoor and indoor  No treatment  cheap
  13. 13. Stationary machine Static tool in making part of furniture Example: 1. Band saw 2. Rip saw 3. Table saw 4. Sander machine a)
  14. 14. b)Hand tool Can be handle and remove by hand 1) Hammer 2) Driller 3) Hand sander 4) Hand saw 5) Measuring tape
  15. 15. •cutting parallel with the grain. •a rip saw works more like a chisel, lifting off small splinters of wood. •Rip cuts are commonly made with a table saw, hand rip saws, radial arm saws and band saws.
  16. 16. • • • Cutting perpendicular with the grain of wood. use table saw for crosscutting Unlike ripping cut, which not shears the wood fibers and also not lifting off small splinters of wood.
  17. 17. • • used to produce horizontal, vertical, or inclined flat surfaces. Also to flatten, reduce the thickness and impart a smooth surface to a rough piece of wood.
  18. 18.  Boring or drilling is make a hole in a piece of wood.  use a drill bit to make hole to put screw, dowel, bolt and nut  When possible drilled holes should be located perpendicular to the workpiece surface. This minimizes the drill bit's tendency to "walk"
  19. 19.  used to create wooden objects on a lathe(pelarik).  the wood is moving while a stationary tool is used to cut and shape it.  To make shapes and design.
  20. 20.  To make design and shape to the component of furniture  It will give high quality and aesthetic value to the furniture  As example like antic furniture
  21. 21.  used to remove small amounts of material from surfaces  to make them smoother –for painting and wood finishing  to remove a layer of material –for old paint  to make the surface rougher –for preparation to gluing  By using sand paper, sanding machine
  22. 22.  Purpose - - of finishing To keep dirt out of wood To prevent degrade of wood surface as result of abrasion and heat To produce visual and tactile qualities To bring colour into wood To show down the moisture exchange with air
  23. 23.  Finishing - Components Pigments –finely ground solid Binder- depends on type of the base Solvent and thinners-depends on the type of base Additive -depends on the type of base Special features-water repellent, moisture resistance, etc.
  24. 24.                Bleaching Free staining Figure Accent Body stain Strike Out Penetrating Sealer Washcoat Filler Shading on filler Sealing Padding on sealer Enamel Spattering Top coat / lecquer Rubbing or Polishing
  25. 25.  Shellac  Sealer  Lacquer  Varnish  Strains
  26. 26.  Brushing  Spraying  Dipping or soaking  Roller coating  Curtain coating
  27. 27.  Finishing is the critical as it can determine the marketability of the product.  Finishing is done to: protection Enhance and emphasize the beauty (Aesthetic) Good finishing mean higher costs (Valuable)
  28. 28.  Finished wood or furniture components may or may not be assemble before it is packed.  Normally in this section, all parts produced by the machining and the sanding section are assembled (put together).  The parts are glued, screwed, bolted, nailed or stapled together to make the complete furniture.
  29. 29. Manufacturing pace changes -Eg. In machining section- 4 weeks to complete 15 machine operation - Eg. In assembly section-only one hour to built on item  Volume or space changes - Eg. Part can be stacked and arranged to fill up almost all spaces. - once parts are assembled it will need more space than was need for the parts that go into it. - This is use the advantages by knock-down furniture.  - Reduce shipping space Reduce damage