Fur406 : DEPARTMENTS IN FURNITURE INDUSTRY (LIVING ROOM)
DEPARTMENTS IN FURNITURE
MEMBERS : Nur Amalina Binti Razali
Nur Atiqah Binti Najib
Hamzah Bin Mohamed
by identifying needs
by identifying needs; evaluating options;
maintaining equipment; approving invoices.
by recruiting, selecting, orienting, and training
employees; maintaining a safe and secure work
environment; developing personal growth
Planning, monitoring and appraising job results;
coaching, counseling, and disciplining
by obtaining requirements, price, quality, and
by organizing and coordinating information and
requirements; planning, arranging, and meeting
schedules; monitoring results.
by developing and utilizing filing and retrieval
division, and local
by documenting and communicating actions,
irregularities, and continuing needs.
by attending educational workshops, benchmarking
professional standards, reviewing professional
publications, establishing personal networks
Contributes to team
by accomplishing related results as needed
and service quality
by devising new applications; updating procedures;
evaluating system results with users.
by anticipating requirements; submitting information
for budget preparation; scheduling expenditures;
monitoring costs; analyzing variances
Materials for furniture can be divided into few categories ;
Totally from sawn timber.
Types of sawn timber
up from engineered wood product
MDF, OSB, Plywood, Particleboard,
using wood composite:
-minimize the used of solid wood
-prices is cheaper than solid wood
-utilize the usage of residue
-minimize the production cost
-cured by chemical reaction through catalyst/
heat at time of application
-cannot reversed into its original state
-eg:PF, MF, UF
-normally supplied ready to used
-can change back to its original form by heat
-eg: PVA, PVC, PU, Vinyl
laminates @decorative board
-consist of two different types of plastic and
three types of paper.
-there are two categories :100%metals and
-uses for formation of furniture part:arm,
No defect from pets and insect
Can be used outdoor and indoor
Static tool in making part of furniture
Can be handle and remove by hand
3) Hand sander
4) Hand saw
5) Measuring tape
parallel with the grain.
•a rip saw works more like a chisel, lifting off small
splinters of wood.
•Rip cuts are commonly made with a table saw, hand
rip saws, radial arm saws and band saws.
Cutting perpendicular with the grain of
use table saw for crosscutting
Unlike ripping cut, which not shears the
wood fibers and also not lifting off small
splinters of wood.
used to produce horizontal, vertical, or
inclined flat surfaces.
Also to flatten, reduce the thickness and
impart a smooth surface to a rough piece of
or drilling is make a hole in a piece of
use a drill bit to make hole to put screw,
dowel, bolt and nut
When possible drilled holes should be located
perpendicular to the workpiece surface. This
minimizes the drill bit's tendency to "walk"
to create wooden objects on a
the wood is moving while a stationary tool is
used to cut and shape it.
To make shapes and design.
make design and shape to the component of
It will give high quality and aesthetic value to the
As example like antic furniture
to remove small amounts of material
to make them smoother –for
painting and wood finishing
to remove a layer of material –for old paint
to make the surface rougher –for preparation
By using sand paper, sanding machine
To keep dirt out of wood
To prevent degrade of wood surface as
result of abrasion and heat
To produce visual and tactile qualities
To bring colour into wood
To show down the moisture exchange
Pigments –finely ground solid
Binder- depends on type of the base
Solvent and thinners-depends on the
type of base
Additive -depends on the type of base
Special features-water repellent,
moisture resistance, etc.
Shading on filler
Padding on sealer
Top coat / lecquer
Rubbing or Polishing
is the critical as it can determine
the marketability of the product.
Finishing is done to:
Enhance and emphasize the beauty
Good finishing mean higher costs
wood or furniture components may
or may not be assemble before it is packed.
Normally in this section, all parts produced
by the machining and the sanding section are
assembled (put together).
The parts are glued, screwed, bolted, nailed
or stapled together to make the complete
Manufacturing pace changes
-Eg. In machining section- 4 weeks to complete
15 machine operation
- Eg. In assembly section-only one hour to built
Volume or space changes
- Eg. Part can be stacked and arranged to fill up
almost all spaces.
- once parts are assembled it will need more
space than was need for the parts that go into it.
- This is use the advantages by knock-down
Reduce shipping space