Training on MARC 21


Published on

Training on MARC 21
5 and 7 July 2013

Organized By
Bangladesh Association of Librarians, Information Scientists and Documentalists (BALID)

Presented By
Nur Ahammad
Junior Assistant Librarian
Independent University, Bangladesh

Published in: Education, Technology

Training on MARC 21

  1. 1. Training on MARC 21 5 and 7 July 2013 Organized By Bangladesh Association of Librarians, Information Scientists and Documentalists (BALID) Presented By Nur Ahammad Junior Assistant Librarian Independent University, Bangladesh
  2. 2. The best way to be a master of a particular subject is not only to tech that subject but also to involve practically with that work. It is much more necessary if the particular subject has practical implication. It is possible to be a master of history by teaching but it is not possible to be a master of MARC 21 cataloguing without having practical involvement with MARC 21 cataloguing. What is MARC Record? MARC stands for Machine Readable Catalog. "Machine-readable" means that one particular type of machine, a computer, can read and interpret the data in the cataloging record. Cataloging record is the bibliographic record or the information traditionally shown on a catalog card. MARC record is just the vehicle for the cataloging information. Information put into the MARC format is determined by various rules and interpretations, such as AACR-2, Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), Dewey Decimal Classification System, etc.
  3. 3. In card cataloging, library professionals follow AACR-2 for making card catalog in the most cases in Bangladesh. MARC also use AACR-2 for making a MARC record but MARC 21 records often contain much additional information. For making marc record, catalogers have to follow some particular ways in marc cataloging. MARC record was designed by a group of 16 people in the middle 60’s. • Designed as a communication structure to allow cataloging information to be standardized • Designed by computer programmers, not librarians!! Not intuitive, or user-friendly! • Designed for card sets, not online catalogs Combines USMARC and CANMARC. Are moving toward an international standard, but not quite there yet. • Is constantly being updated and revised
  4. 4. Why is MARC record Important? The bibliographical information of a catalog card cannot be easily entered into a computer to produce an automated catalog and library automation system. The computer needs a means of interpreting the information found on a cataloging record. The MARC record contains a guide to its data, or little "signposts," before each piece of bibliographic information. The place provided for each of these pieces of bibliographic information (author, title, call number, etc.) is called a "field." The records in simpler computer files sometimes have a fixed number of fields, and each field contains a fixed number of characters. However, to allow proper cataloging of books and other library items, the best file structure allows for records with an unlimited number of fields and unlimited field lengths. This flexibility is necessary because not all titles are the same length (The robe versus Alexander and the terrible, horrible, no good, very bad day). Some books are part of a series, requiring a field for that information, while others have no
  5. 5. series statement. And audiovisual items have much longer physical descriptions (5 filmstrips : sd., col. ; 35 mm. + teaching manual) than do most books (403 p. :ill. ; 22 cm.). Elements of MARC record The are three elements of MARC record. 1. Leader 2. Fixed fields 3. Variable fields Leader  Used exclusively by the computer  Includes type of record  Bibliographic level  Encoding level
  6. 6. Fixed Field Contains important information about the item in abbreviated form. The code that is put in “type” affects all the fixed fields. Each format has its own fixed fields. See MARC 21 manual or OCLC Bibliographic Formats and Standards for the MARC codes for the fixed fields. Most of the information in the fixed fields is to be used by the computer, often or qualifying searches. Variable Field Variable fields contain the descriptive cataloging information and the access points. Variable fields contain:  Tags  Indicators  Subfields
  7. 7. Tags Three-digit numbers assigned to a particular field • 082 – Dewey Decimal number • 100 – Personal name main entry • 245 – Title and statement of responsibility Indicators Indicators perform different functions based on the tag they are used with and their position (first or second) Tracing indicators turn indexing on and off o 245; 10; a Against the grain o First indicator 1 creates a title added entry Filing indicators o 245; 14; a The age of reason o Second indicator 4 skips the initial article “the” example: complete marc record with 245 tag and 14 indicators
  8. 8. =LDR 00000nama2200000a4500 =001 00000678 =008 101214s2000mauab0010engd =010 $a 97020239 =040 $aDLC$cDLC$dBD-DhIUB =019 $a39380046 =020 $a9788131705216 =020 $a0201889544 =020 $a9780201889543 =082 00$a005.13/3$222 =100 1$aStroustrup, Bjarne. =245 14$aThe C++ programming language /$cBjarne Stroustrup. =250 $a3rd ed. =260 $aReading, Mass. :$bAddison-Wesley ;$aNew Delhi :$bPearson Education,$cc2000. =300 $ax, 1017 p. :$bill. ;$c24 cm. =500 $aIncludes index. =541 1$e00021612
  9. 9. =505 20$g1.$tNotes to the Reader --$g2.$tTour of C++ --$g3.$tTour of the Standard Library --$g4.$tTypes and Declarations --$g5.$tPointers, Arrays, and Structures --$g6.$tExpressions and Statements --$g7.$tFunctions -- $g8.$tNamespaces and Exceptions --$g9.$tSource Files and Programs -- $g10.$tClasses --$g11.$tOperator Overloading --$g12.$tDerived Classes -- $g13.$tTemplates --$g14.$tException Handling --$g15.$tClass Hierarchies -- $g16.$tLibrary Organization and Containers --$g17.$tStandard Containers -- $g18.$tAlgorithms and Function Objects --$g19.$tIterators and Allocators -- $g20.$tStrings --$g21.$tStreams --$g22.$tNumerics --$g23.$tDevelopment and Design --$g24.$tDesign and Programming --$g25.$tRoles of Cases --$gApp. A.$tC++ Grammar --$gApp. B.$tCompatibility --$gApp. C.$tTechnicalities. =520 1$a"This is a complete rewrite of the most widely read and most trusted book on C++. Based on the ANSI/ISO C++ final draft, this book covers the C++ language, its standard library, and key design techniques as an integrated whole." "The C++ Programming Language provides comprehensive coverage of C++ language features and standard library components." "With this third edition, Stroustrup makes C++ even more accessible to those new to the language while adding information and techniques that even expert C++ programmers will find invaluable."--BOOK JACKET. =650 0$aC++ (Computer program language) =852 4$aIUB Library $cGeneral Shelf.
  10. 10. MARE 21 Record for Serial =LDR 04851nasa22005657a4500 =003 BD-DhIUB =005 20130123202750.0 =008 110629s1843xxuwrpr00engd =022 $a0013-0613 =040 $aBD-DhIUB$cBD-DhIUB =245 40$aThe Economist$h[print copy] =260 $aLondon, England :$bEconomist $c1843- =300 $av. : $bill. ; $c27-33 cm. =310 $aweekly =650 $aEconomics$vPeriodicals =942 $2ddc$cCR$s1 =999 $c13713$d13713 =952 $w2013-01-24$r2013-01-24$40$00$921903$bIUBL$10$d2013-01- 24$t1$70$hVol 406, No 8820$cJrs$yCR$aIUBL