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Nubia Project    Destruction of    NubiaBy Damming and Cultural      Cleansing     Nuraddin Abdulmannan     Nuraddin Abdul...
Map of Nubia               2
Nubia in the Past• Nubia’s name is derived from the  Hieroglyphic word “Nub” for  "Gold". Nubia, the land of gold is  the ...
• Nubians are mentioned in  the old Testament and its  celebrity Pharaoh Taharqa  led an army from Nubia in  year 701 BC t...
Nubia at Present• Nubia is located in todays  northern Sudan and southern  Egypt.• Isolated, marginalized,  impoverished a...
Nubia (Nub)the Land of Gold                   6
Shield ring _Queen Amanishekito                                  7
Queen Malakaye                 From Aspelta                 grave                                8
Damming of Nubia• The Aswan dam and the High dam of Egypt  caused relocation of Nubians 4 times from  their lands. The tot...
• The Nubian region from Wadi Halfa  to Dongola has no electricity or  paved asphalt roads. The whole area  is marginalize...
• Nubians resisted building Kajbar  dam and on June 13, 2007 the  security forces opened fire on a  peaceful demonstration...
Nubians & Asbestos    Related Cancers• 50,000 Nubians who were  relocated in 1965 to Eastern  Sudan and housed in Asbestos...
Dams map           13
Sudan map before NIF coup in           1989                           14
The Nile River State was taken from the Northern Stateto find an access for the Arabs of Sudan to Egypt andto disconnect N...
Hamdi Triangle and Nile River State                     16
Nubian Language and    Arabization of Nubia• Nubians used the Egyptian  hieroglyph language before and  during the Middle ...
• Abandoned after the  destruction of the last Nubian  Christian Kingdom of Aludia  (Alwa) with its seat at Soba  south of...
The Old Nubian  Language                 19
•The Nubian language (Nobiin) remained awritten language in Greeco-Copticalphabets for centuries. The Nobiin wasusually tr...
EgyptianConspiracy Against  Nubia             21
•All invasions to Sudanthrough out its history camefrom Egypt.•Egypt signed the NileWaters agreement (NWA) in1959 during t...
The Four Freedoms Agreement(Egypt’s plan to wipe out Nubia)On Tuesday, June 15, 2004 theSudanese National Assemblyapproved...
Dams of Merowe, Mugrat, Sheraikand Sabaloka are going to inflictimmeasurable damage to the Nubianheritage. These dams are ...
Who benefits from  destruction of Nubia?• The pro Arabs and Muslim  Fundamentalist Governments of  Sudan and Egypt are the...
Alsha’ab Newspaper Friday December 10, 1992Egyptian newspaper warns from an Americanconspiracy to dismantle Egypt and Suda...
Nubia Festival and Road to a Black Kingdom fromEgypt, Sudan and EthiopiaNubia Festival is an American Zionist conspiracy t...
Defufa, Kerma, the oldest town           in history                             28
Statues of Black Pharaohs,discovered recently in Kerma                               29
What do Nubians Need?• To live in their ancestral lands and  preserve their culture, and heritage.• Protection from dams a...
What you can do to protect Nubia       from destruction•   Call upon US Congress to act    urgently and encourage the    a...
• Make pressures on China and  Arab financiers to stop  financing and building these  destructive dams to turn the  Nile R...
•   Tell your friends, congregation, community    centers and institutions to act and spread    the word to protect the Nu...
• Help stop Arabization of Nubia. Dams  will bring millions of Egyptian farmers  and billions of dollars from Arab  invest...
• Get involved and be proactive to  encourage others to participate  in Nubian events and protests  against dams and cultu...
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Nubia project usip_jul96 (Distruction of Nubia by dams)

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Nubia project usip_jul96 (Distruction of Nubia by dams)

  1. 1. Nubia Project Destruction of NubiaBy Damming and Cultural Cleansing Nuraddin Abdulmannan Nuraddin Abdulmannan Maryland July 2009 Maryland July 2009
  2. 2. Map of Nubia 2
  3. 3. Nubia in the Past• Nubia’s name is derived from the Hieroglyphic word “Nub” for "Gold". Nubia, the land of gold is the mother of the most ancient civilization on the face of the Earth.• At the height of its political power Nubian Pharaohs ruled from south Khartoum, capital of Sudan to Egypt. Nubia was known by Kush, Napata, and Merowe. Nubia was ruled by kings and queens AKA as (Kandakas) who built more than 20 pyramids in Nubia. 3
  4. 4. • Nubians are mentioned in the old Testament and its celebrity Pharaoh Taharqa led an army from Nubia in year 701 BC to rescue the Jewish Kingdom in Jerusalem from Assyrian annihilation.• Greeks, Romans and Arab historians wrote about the greatness of the Nubian people and their civilization. 4
  5. 5. Nubia at Present• Nubia is located in todays northern Sudan and southern Egypt.• Isolated, marginalized, impoverished and depopulated. Millions migrated to Khartoum and Arabian Gulf.• Considered by US Congress as a marginalized area in Darfur Accountability Act. 5
  6. 6. Nubia (Nub)the Land of Gold 6
  7. 7. Shield ring _Queen Amanishekito 7
  8. 8. Queen Malakaye From Aspelta grave 8
  9. 9. Damming of Nubia• The Aswan dam and the High dam of Egypt caused relocation of Nubians 4 times from their lands. The total Egyptian Nubian population and a sizable Sudanese Nubians were relocated to Arabized lands.• Nubians suffering from dams started in 1902 when Egypt built the Aswan Dam.• The apex of their sufferings was in 1964 when Egypt built the High Dam, the largest man made dam in the world. The total Egyptian Nubian population were relocated and 50,000 Sudanese Nubians were relocated in Eastern Sudan.• After more than 40 years Nubians in Northern Sudan and in Eastern Sudan are suffering. 9
  10. 10. • The Nubian region from Wadi Halfa to Dongola has no electricity or paved asphalt roads. The whole area is marginalized, impoverished and neglected by the government.• Meroe dam has been completed in a record time of 2 years.• Kajbar, Dal and Elsheraik dams are underway.• These dams will wipe out Nubia from the map and destroy an international heritage.• UN Human Rights Rep was denied visiting Nubia twice.• BBC team and Christian Science Monitor correspondents were deported from Nubia. 10
  11. 11. • Nubians resisted building Kajbar dam and on June 13, 2007 the security forces opened fire on a peaceful demonstrations killing 4 and injuring many near Kajbar dam site.• Manaseer tribes resisted Meroe dam and many of them were killed or injured and the government relocated them by force in a desert area far from the Nile river.• LA Times and National Geographic covered recent developments in Nubia. 11
  12. 12. Nubians & Asbestos Related Cancers• 50,000 Nubians who were relocated in 1965 to Eastern Sudan and housed in Asbestos roofed houses are threatened by asbestos related cancers. Their numbers have increased while the agricultural scheme is collapsing and a new Nubian exodus started to old Nubia and peripheries of Khartoum. 12
  13. 13. Dams map 13
  14. 14. Sudan map before NIF coup in 1989 14
  15. 15. The Nile River State was taken from the Northern Stateto find an access for the Arabs of Sudan to Egypt andto disconnect Nubia from Beja 15
  16. 16. Hamdi Triangle and Nile River State 16
  17. 17. Nubian Language and Arabization of Nubia• Nubians used the Egyptian hieroglyph language before and during the Middle Kingdom era in Egypt. With the emergence of powerful Nubian kingdoms, the Meroetic language, a new and more sophisticated language written in cursive alphabets was introduced. The Meroetic language was used during the Napatan & Kushite Meroetic era. Unfortunately the Meroetic language is still un -deciphered. 17
  18. 18. • Abandoned after the destruction of the last Nubian Christian Kingdom of Aludia (Alwa) with its seat at Soba south of Khartoum in 1505 AD• Rewritten in 1997 by Egyptian archaeologist Mukhtar Khalil Kabbara who died the same day he concluded transcript of his book “ Nobiin ga Sikkir Faiwa”.• Nubian language is prohibited in the school curriculums.• Nubian language was used by Egypt as a military code language in its 1973 war against Israel. 18
  19. 19. The Old Nubian Language 19
  20. 20. •The Nubian language (Nobiin) remained awritten language in Greeco-Copticalphabets for centuries. The Nobiin wasusually translations of Christian writingsfrom original Greek language to an adaptedNubian language in Greco-Copticalphabets. After introduction of Islam toEgypt and Sudan, and the interruption ofthe cultural and religious ties between theNubian Christian kingdoms and the Romanchurch, the Nubians adopted Islam, andgradually they abandoned writing theirlanguage and adopted instead the Arabiclanguage for their official writings.•Nubian language is rewritten now and weneed linguists and academicians to help inreserving scholarships in universities forthe advancement of the Nubian language,its grammar, dictionary, encyclopedia andliterature etc. We encourage universitiesand institutions to help in teaching Nubianlanguage.. 20
  21. 21. EgyptianConspiracy Against Nubia 21
  22. 22. •All invasions to Sudanthrough out its history camefrom Egypt.•Egypt signed the NileWaters agreement (NWA) in1959 during the military ruleof General Abboud andoccupied Halaib and signedthe Four FreedomsAgreement during the NCPrule. 22
  23. 23. The Four Freedoms Agreement(Egypt’s plan to wipe out Nubia)On Tuesday, June 15, 2004 theSudanese National Assemblyapproved the four freedomsagreement with Egypt (freedomto move, reside, work, and own). ownThis agreement targets theNubian and allows millions ofEgyptian farmers to move freely,reside, work and own land inNubia, change demographicstructure and dominate the area,become majority and annexSudan in future. 23
  24. 24. Dams of Merowe, Mugrat, Sheraikand Sabaloka are going to inflictimmeasurable damage to the Nubianheritage. These dams are storage forEgypt’s water and to act as filters tothe High Dam that suffers fromsuffocation due to huge deposits ofclay and silt. These dams willsubmerge Nubian villages/towns,inundate the most rich archeologicalsites in the world and force theNubians out of their land.Egypt is using Nubian land as a freestorage for over 4 decades. 24
  25. 25. Who benefits from destruction of Nubia?• The pro Arabs and Muslim Fundamentalist Governments of Sudan and Egypt are the main beneficiaries of building dams and destroying Nubia, its monuments, relocate and displace Nubians and destroy their culture and heritage. 25
  26. 26. Alsha’ab Newspaper Friday December 10, 1992Egyptian newspaper warns from an Americanconspiracy to dismantle Egypt and Sudan anda campaign from Jews and Black Americans toform a Nubian state south of Egypt and north ofSudan 26
  27. 27. Nubia Festival and Road to a Black Kingdom fromEgypt, Sudan and EthiopiaNubia Festival is an American Zionist conspiracy toseparate Nubia and target Egyptian identity –Alsha’ab July 23, 1991 27
  28. 28. Defufa, Kerma, the oldest town in history 28
  29. 29. Statues of Black Pharaohs,discovered recently in Kerma 29
  30. 30. What do Nubians Need?• To live in their ancestral lands and preserve their culture, and heritage.• Protection from dams and cultural cleansing and forcible relocation and marginalization.• Help from US administration, European Community and UN to stop damming Nubia and destruction of Nubian monuments.• International help to develop Nubia and invest in its huge resources and potentials for tourism, minerals, agriculture and the Nubian aquifer which contains one of the largest underground water reservoirs in Africa. 30
  31. 31. What you can do to protect Nubia from destruction• Call upon US Congress to act urgently and encourage the administration to exert pressures on Sudan government to stop building dams in Nubia.• Ask US Congress to slash a portion of USAID to Egypt and to compensate for using Nubia land as a free storage for Egypt’s waters over 40 years. 31
  32. 32. • Make pressures on China and Arab financiers to stop financing and building these destructive dams to turn the Nile River to an Arab river and build a new Andalucía on the Nile valley.• To save thousands of Nubians living in Asbestos houses in Eastern Sudan for over 40 years. Cancers began to spread among Nubians. 32
  33. 33. • Tell your friends, congregation, community centers and institutions to act and spread the word to protect the Nubian people, their culture and heritage from destruction.• Join the Nubian campaigns to preserve the Nubian monuments and Call upon the UNESCO and the international community to take its responsibility to rescue this international heritage by declaring Nubia as a historically protected land and send fact finding missions and media representatives to investigate and conduct studies.• Tell the international museums hosting Nubian artifacts to adopt museums in Nubia. This will help attract international tourisms into Nubia.• Invest in Nubia, the land of GOLD and first Queens of the world. 33
  34. 34. • Help stop Arabization of Nubia. Dams will bring millions of Egyptian farmers and billions of dollars from Arab investors who will push Nubians to the desert and to squatters of Khartoum and other cities.• Contact the media to cover the Nubian issues, folklore and culture.• Send fact finding missions from US Congress and Media to see reality on the ground.• UN Human Rights Representative was denied visiting Nubia.• BBC team and Christian Science Monitor correspondent were deported from Nubia. 34
  35. 35. • Get involved and be proactive to encourage others to participate in Nubian events and protests against dams and cultural cleansing and attend their forums and fundraising events.• Pledge a donation to support the Nubian cause and the advocacy activities and share your ideas about effective measures to protect Nubian people, their culture and heritage from destruction.• Break the isolation on Nubia by talking about Nubia. 35

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