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451 Research + NuoDB: What It Means to be a Container-Native SQL Database


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Join Ariff Kassam, NuoDB, and James Curtis, 451 Research, as they discuss what it means to be a container-native SQL database.

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451 Research + NuoDB: What It Means to be a Container-Native SQL Database

  1. 1. Copyright (C) 2018 451 Research LLC What It Means to be a Container-Native SQL Database July 24, 2018 451 Research and NuoDB James Curtis 451 Research Ariff Kassam NuoDB
  2. 2. James Curtis Senior Analyst, Data Platforms & Analytics 2 Ariff Kassam Vice President, Products
  3. 3. Housekeeping Items: Questions? A copy of the presentation will be provided to all attendeesPresentation Slides Feedback To ask a question, click on the question button Don’t forget to leave feedback at the end of the webinar 3
  4. 4. 451 Research is a leading IT research & advisory company 4 Founded in 2000 300+ employees, including over 120 analysts 2,000+ clients: Technology & Service providers, corporate advisory, finance, professional services, and IT decision makers 70,000+ IT professionals, business users and consumers in our research community Over 52 million data points published each quarter and 4,500+ reports published each year 3,000+ technology & service providers under coverage 451 Research and its sister company, Uptime Institute, are the two divisions of The 451 Group Headquartered in New York City, with offices in London, Boston, San Francisco, Washington DC, Mexico, Costa Rica, Brazil, Spain, UAE, Russia, Taiwan, Singapore and Malaysia Research & Data Advisory Events Go 2 Market
  5. 5. Digital Transformation: What do we mean? 5 Copyright (C) 2016 451 Research LLC 3 Digital Transformation is the investment in new digital technologies and processes to not only more effectively engage customers, partners or employees, but to also cut costs.
  6. 6. Digital transformation is real and happening now 6 42% 28% 20% 10% Execution. We have a formal strategy and are actively digitizing our business processes and/or assets. Evaluation. We are planning and researching to develop a digital transformation strategy. Consideration. We areconsidering it, but have no formal plans. No strategy. We currently have no digital transformation strategy. % of respondents (n=1002) Source: 451 Research, Voice of the Enterprise: Digital Pulse, Workloads and Key Projects 2018
  7. 7. What exactly needs to be digitally transformed? Process Transformation Information Transformation Platform Transformation § More than a technical shift, but a cultural one § Focus on collaboration—employees but also customers, partners, suppliers § Agile methods for software development § Gathering data and lots of it in various means and methods § Multiple communication points on multiple devices § Leveraging data with advanced analytics § IT moving from cost center to software enabler § Organizations needs systems of engagement—tools and systems for omnichannel interaction § Integration with legacy systems of record 7
  8. 8. When considering a digital transformation, enterprises often need to… 8 Handle Growth Steady and Seasonal Manage Costs Now and Future Minimize Friction Adoption and Adjustment
  9. 9. ▪ NewSQL databases: 29% CAGR ▪ Traditional relational databases: 6% CAGR 9 Handle Growth Manage Costs Minimal Friction Database growth expected for relational databases 2017-22 Combined 6.4% 2017-22 CAGR Source: 451 Research, Total Data: Platforms & Analytics, May 2018.
  10. 10. 10 Handle Growth Manage Costs Minimal Friction Database revenue growth by execution 2016-21 Source: 451 Research’s Total Data Market Monitor, May 2018, and Voice of the Enterprise Cloud Transformation, Workloads and Key Projects 2017
  11. 11. 11 Handle Growth Manage Costs Minimal Friction Great expectations for reduced costs in cloud adoption Source: 451 Research, The Cloud Transformation Journey, February 2018.
  12. 12. 12 Handle Growth Manage Costs Minimal Friction But the cloud is a journey…. Source: 451 Research, The Cloud Transformation Journey, February 2018.
  13. 13. 13 Handle Growth Manage Costs Minimal Friction Maintain existing skills § New technologies such as MapReduce and Hadoop garnered a lot of attention due to the flexibility they enable for large-scale data processing § But no one stopped using SQL § SQL isn’t back – it never went away
  14. 14. 14 Handle Growth Manage Costs Minimal Friction Examine existing technologies ▪ Traditional relational DBMS can get stretched beyond their normal capacity by the needs of high- volume, highly distributed applications ▪ Modern relational DBMS provide scalability while also enabling ACID guarantees for transactions
  15. 15. But enterprises also worry about the future 15 In addition to… Enterprise want to…. Handle Growth Manage Costs Minimal Friction Build for the Future Invest and Future Proof
  16. 16. 16 Containers will play key role for digital transformations § Enable packaging/deploying of applications § Enables spin-up/down of applications and/or services § Reduce provisioning times § Easy to move around as needed § Open source development and growing community support
  17. 17. 3 Containers adoption is modest, but expected to grow Source: 451 Research, Storage: Workloads and Key Projects, 2018
  18. 18. 18 Containers are now being deployed for databases § Innovations in container technology are emerging that allow for persistence storage for stateful applications § Vendors are merging containers with data workflows as a means to tackle digital transformation efforts § Enterprises are becoming increasingly comfortable with databases running on cloud infrastructure
  19. 19. Key Takeaways 19
  20. 20. Thank you! @jmscrts
  21. 21. DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION IT departments must become more agile so that enterprises can quickly respond to changing customer, competitive and business demands Traditional SQL database solutions anchor enterprise- critical application architectures and processes in the past To fully realize the benefits of Digital Transformation, enterprises need SQL database solutions that can be adopted as part of their cloud & container strategy 21
  22. 22. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB WHAT ARE CONTAINERS + Containers are a virtualization technology that package application(s) and required dependencies – but does not include an OS + More efficient than VMs - allowing customers to deploy more containers on a single system
  23. 23. BENEFITS OF CONTAINERS Increased agility and time to market by enabling DevOps best practices. No vendor lock-in. Containers are fully portable across environments, cloud providers or hybrid. Improve server utilization by deploying multiple containers on as single server. 23
  24. 24. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB DATABASE PATTERNS FOR CONTAINERS 24 ` ` DB Outside Containers Data Cache + DB Outside Containers DB In Containers
  25. 25. 25 CONTAINER CHALLENGES FOR DBs Complex Complex to setup and multiple components for HA & DR Performance Network and storage abstraction layers impact performance Lockdown DBs are locked down and tightly controlled Coupled Tightly coupled with large scaled servers
  26. 26. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB IN CONTAINER VS CONTAINER NATIVE 26 + Placing traditional SQL databases “in containers” does not make them any more modern or agile § More efficient virtualization § Scale up architecture + Container native solutions leverage the native benefits of containers and container management platforms § Increase developer productivity § Operational simplicity § Dynamic provisioning § Horizontal scale out § Server and location agnostic
  27. 27. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB INTRODUCING NuoDB 27 NuoDB is the only container-native relational SQL database that enables enterprise applications to run completely in a container platform Elastic SQL Elastic SQL: The benefits of Traditional Databases & Containers SQL ACID Zero Downtime Elastic scale-out Enterprise Adoption Containers, Commodity & Cloud Traditional RDBMS NoSQL MARKET GAP SQLACID Enterprise Adoption Zero Downtime Elastic scale-out Containers, Commodity & Cloud
  28. 28. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB 28 NuoDB DATABASE Modern distributed, peer-to-peer services acting as a single, logical database + New modern database architecture with independent database services + Services scale independently and elastically + ANSI SQL interface + Deploy across containers, clouds & data centers + Continuous availability for planned and unplanned outages Fast in-memory transaction processing with dynamic application data affinity Durable storage management with scale-out storage NuoDB Architecture Legacy RDBMS Architecture Storage Query Processing
  29. 29. KEY IDEA #1: A DISTRIBUTED WORLD 29 1. Start with a client-server DBMS 2. Try to turn it into a Distributed System 1. Start with a Distributed System 2. Deliver database services on this system DON’T DO A single logical database Complex add-ons and processes to maintain
  30. 30. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB KEY IDEA #2: CONTAINERIZED SERVICES 30 Separate transactions from storage In-memory transactions + Transactions are executed fully in-memory + No sharding / explicit partitioning Storage is redundant & flexible + Durable persistence + Automated replication + Each storage service can store a full copy or a partition of the data Single logical database + Each services can be distributed across a single cluster or across multiple clusters + Each service can be scaled independently
  31. 31. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB KEY IDEA #3: SIMPLE, NO-KNOBS 31 Traditional DBs have 100s of configuration parameters/settings NuoDB is simple to start and maintain
  32. 32. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB NuoDB CONTAINER NATIVE ADVANTAGES 32 + Increased developer agility § Provide self-service deployment, usage and operation (CD/CI) + Horizontal scale out performance § Full read/write scale out to address performance bottlenecks § Integrated in-memory cache for low latency access + Simplified operational model § Single platform for operations § Automated operations using RESTful APIS § Built-in HA/DR for a simpler solution
  33. 33. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB DEVELOPER SELF-SERVICE AGILITY 33 + Agile development requires developer self-service for fast deployment, usage and operation Developers cannot wait for DBAs or operations to provision a database for developer use Simple to start and manage + NuoDB can be easily integrated into developer CD/CI pipelines so that developers can provision a database within seconds + Simple configuration options
  34. 34. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB HORIZONTAL SCALE-OUT PERFORMANCE 34 NuoDB is the only container-native SQL operational database that provides read & write scale out + Container-native applications address scaling by deploying additional containers (scale out) + Traditional SQL database use scale-up architectures Only have read scale out
  35. 35. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB HORIZONTAL SCALE-OUT PERFORMANCE + NuoDB allows independent scale-out of either compute or storage tiers to address different workload use cases Logging Application + Insert dominated + Scale-out storage tier HTAP Application + Mixed read/write + Dedicated analytical nodes OLTP Application + Mixed read/write + Scale-out compute & storage tiers TE TE TE TE TE SMSM TE TE TE TE TE SMSMSM SM TE TE SMSMSM SM TE TE TE TE TE SMSM Web/Mobile Application + Read dominated + Scale-out compute tier 35
  36. 36. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB IN-MEMORY CACHE PERFORMANCE 36 + Data caching is commonly used to improve latency and read scalability Used to off-load databases + Requires applications to manage cache and database consistency (e.g. cache aside pattern) Introduces another layer of complexity to application development
  37. 37. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB 37 IN-MEMORY CACHE PERFORMANCE + NuoDB has an integrated caching layer - Transaction Engines (TEs) + TEs are in-memory data caches that can co-located with the service for low latency data access + As a single logical database, NuoDB automatically manages the cache coherency between the caches and storage (Storage Manager - SM) TE TE TE SM
  38. 38. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB 38 SIMPLIFIED OPERATIONS + Traditional SQL databases have multiple add-ons to support HA and DR capabilities + Introduces additional complexities in a container environment
  39. 39. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB 39 SIMPLIFIED OPERATIONS + Since NuoDB is a distributed database, data replication for HA and DR is part of the database and naturally fits in a container environment
  40. 40. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB SUMMARY 40 + Enterprises struggle to fulfill the promises of Digital Transformation for applications reliant on traditional SQL databases + NuoDB is a modern, fully distributed and container-native SQL database that allows enterprises to deploy enterprise-critical applications completely within a container platform
  41. 41. Copyright © 2018 NuoDB THANK YOU! 41 The Elastic SQL Database @NuoDB FOLLOW US: