saving energy ecosystems and wine - closure on the cork debate

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Presentation on the 61st German Winegrowers Congress, Stuttgart, April, 2013

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saving energy ecosystems and wine - closure on the cork debate

  1. 1. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosyst emsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateNuno Gaspar de Oliveira (speaker), Paulo Bessa & João Rui Ferreira1CIGEST|Environment & Sustainability – ISG Business & Economics School,2CORTICEIRA AMORIM, SGPS, S.A3CE LIÈGE, Confédération Européenne du Liège
  2. 2. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  3. 3. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  4. 4. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & FerreiraWhere screw capscome fromBauxite (Aluminum) mining
  5. 5. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  6. 6. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & FerreiraWhere syntheticstoppers come fromOil (plastic) extraction
  7. 7. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  8. 8. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & FerreiraWhere Corkcomes fromCork Oak Forests and Parklands
  9. 9. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  10. 10. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  11. 11. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreirahttp://www.celiege.com/
  12. 12. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & FerreiraBRUSSELS – 3 November 2011.Representatives of environmental NGO’s, theEuropean Commission, The World BusinessCouncil for Sustainable Development,retailers and retailer trade associations andEUROPEN’s corporate members were amongstakeholders involved in shaping and endorsingthe contents of the Green Paper.seven key questions:• material selection,• packaging design,• consumer choice,• transport,• end-of-life,• communication along the value chain• innovative business models.
  13. 13. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  14. 14. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira• “After a five year trial of screwcap it hasbecome clear that cork is best for our wines.”• “Our wines are handmade and bottled withoutfining or filtration. Under a screwcap I havenoticed the wines ‘sweat’, producing overlydominant reductive characters, a problemwe have never had under cork.”• “When I saw Rusden losing customersbecause of this, I realised something needed tobe done”Christian Canute (Barossa Valley winery)
  15. 15. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira• Though you might be surprised, natural cork wine stoppers are the best choice,primarily because harvesting the real stuff is an age-old practice that keepsthe world’s relatively small population of cork oak trees, which can live forhundreds of years, alive. These scattered pockets of cork oaks, mostly in Portugaland Spain, thrive in the hot, arid conditions of the southern Mediterranean, shelteringa wide array of biodiversity and helping to protect the soil from drying out.• As wine producers switch to other types of wine stoppers, the cork oak forestscould be abandoned and the trees and the myriad plants and animals thatdepend on them could die out.
  16. 16. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira• Cork closures represent a specificity of the wine sector and its use has an importantimpact in the sustainable conservation of forest. Because of this important role, carbonbalance of corks may be taken into account when applying the EP.• When accounting the GHG emissions related to natural cork closures, the cork productionsystem should be considered from a holistic approach.• The final figures of the GHG emissions due to the cork production should consider themanaged forest it comes from and its carbon sink effect.
  17. 17. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira• Quantify and compare the environmental impacts of cork stoppersversus aluminium and plastic closures on the UK market of wine.• The survey was carried out using the methodology of life cycleanalysis (LCA) and from bibliographic sources, complemented usingthe Ecobilan LCA database.• The survey was carried out in conformance with the ISO 14040series of standards.• Seven indicators: non-renewable energy consumption; waterconsumption; emission of greenhouse gases; contribution toatmospheric acidification; contribution to the formation ofphotochemical oxidants (ozone layer depletion); contribution to theeutrophication of surface water and production of solid waste.
  18. 18. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreirasubmit it to a critical review by an independent committeeincluding external experts and interested parties:• An independent life cycle analysis (LCA) expert (Yvan Liziard);• An independent specialist on cork (João Santos Pereira,Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Lisboa);• Plastic association (Association of Plastics Manufacturers inEurope).Besides these entities, an aluminium association was alsocontacted, but did not accept to cooperate in the review process.
  19. 19. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  20. 20. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  21. 21. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  22. 22. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  23. 23. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  24. 24. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  25. 25. S a v i n gE n e r g y ,Ecosystemsa n d W i n eA closure on the corkdebateOliveira (speaker), Bessa & Ferreira
  26. 26. Let’s ‘face’ itCork is justNaturally better!Cork Art by Scott GundersenSpeaker: Nuno Gaspar de OliveiraISG – Business & Economics Schoolnunogoliveira@cigest.ensinus.pt | +351 21 751 37 00 ext. 127Linkedin: ngoliveira | Facebook: CIGEST, NGOLIVEIRA

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