Impresionism &PostimpresionismTeacher: Sara del Río
Predecessors: British RomanticLandscape Painters (S.XVIII-S.XIX)William Turner & John ConstableGENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THEIR WORK:-They painted outdoors: taking Nature itself astheir model.-Light and atmospheric phenomenons were theirmain interestest.-The repeated topic of their works are landscapesand marines.
Origin of Impressionism (S.XIX)The term ‘Impressionism’was coined by the artcritic Leroy in Paris in 1874when he was writing areview of an exhibitionholded in Nadar Gallery.Monet´s paintingImpression. Sunrise, wasstrong criticized by thisjournalist who named in asarcastic way all thearstists included in theexhibition as‘Impressionists’. Impression. Sunrise, Monet, 1872Leroy described thisMonet painting as ‘brutaland ugly’.
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF IMPRESSIONISM:-They knew and studied the Color Wheel.-They studied how color of a scene changes dependingon light variations.( Rouen Cathedral, Monet)-Shadows are painted without following the Chiaroscuroprinciple. To create shadows, Impressinionist usedcomplementary colors (value contrast between surfaces)-They used strong brushstrokes, normally overlapping themto obtain secondary and tertiary colors.-As their predecessors, they prefered to work outdoorsinstead of a workshop.
Impressionism Masters: France Monet Manet RenoirWaterlilies and Monet painting in his Girls at theJapanese bridge, 1899 floating studio, 1874 piano, 1892
Claude Monet (1840-1926) Saint-Lazare Station, Monet, 1877
Édouard Manet (1832-1883) The luncheon on the grass, Manet, 1863
Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919) Windmill of La Galette, Renoir, 1876
Pointillism or Divisionism (1880-s.XX)Pointillism was a division of Impresionismdeveloped by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac.The term ‘Pointillism’ was coined in 1880 whensome art critics tried to mock these artists paintingstyle.General Characteristics:Pointillist artists replaced the large and randomimpresionist brushstrokes by short brushstrokesimitating dots.
TECHNIQUE Pointillism paintings are done overlapping groups of primary color dots to obtain secondary and tertiary colors.
Georges Seurat (1859-1891)Sunday Afternoon on the island of La Grande Jatte, Seurat, 1886
Paul Signac (1863-1935)The Papal Palace, Avignon, Signac, 1900
Post-Impressionism (1890-s.XX)Post-Impressionism was the last period ofImpresionism. Artists such as Vincent VanGogh, Henri de Toulousse-Lautrec and PaulGauguin were its representatives.The critic Roger Fry coined ‘Postimpressionism’term to describe French art after Manet in1910.
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF POST-IMPRESSIONISM:-They continue working outdoors but they worked indoorsas well.-Use of vivid colours.-Distinctive brushstrokes and thick application of paint.-They were interested at emphasizing expressive effects todescribe textures.-They used unnatural colours to describe real-life scenes.
Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) Sunflower, Van Gogh, 1888
Toulousse-Lautrec (1864-1901)At the Moulin-Rouge, Toulousse-Lautrec, 1892
Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)Arearea, Gauguin, 1892