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April 12rd 2013
                                              Washington, DC. USA.

                                              Reclaim + Remake Symposium
                                              2013

                                              Read full paper at
                                              http://basurama.org/txt/basurama-a-
                                              framework-for-designing-collectively-with-
                                              waste




Basurama: a framework for
designing collectively with waste
Pablo Rey Mazón. Basurama.
basurama.org

Contents, unless noted, by Basurama under license:
Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Unported.
Matthias Kabel. CC Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
Establish a framework to work collectively
with waste in public space.
Basurama: a framework for
designing collectively with waste
Pablo Rey Mazón. Basurama.
Basura = trash
 ama = love
-orama = wide view of

Basurama = wide view of + love trash
Waste is a   powerful
             affordable resource.


Working collectively requires:
            Listening to the others needs.
            Taking time, location, material
            constrains in account.
1. Waste as a wide concept

2. What can we do with waste?

3. How to work collaboratively with waste?
1. Waste as a wide concept

Natural resources that have been wasted.
Waste is a resource in the wrong place.
Things that have lost their name.
Whatever is tagged as waste.

               #Waste
Whatever is tagged as waste.

               #Waste
Whatever is tagged as waste.

               #Waste
Whatever is tagged as waste.

               #Waste
"Through the garbage collection system of
Mexico City it is possible to make an accurate
radiograph of the entire political system of the
republic, its power relations, their corrupt
situations, etc.."
                        Héctor Castillo Berthier




Waste is information.
"Through the garbage collection system of
Mexico City it is possible to make an accurate
radiograph of the entire political system of the
republic, its power relations, their corrupt
situations, etc.."
                        Héctor Castillo Berthier




Waste is information.
Waste is information.
Waste is a relative concept.

Waste is information.

Waste doesn't exist.

Waste has many scales/sizes/shapes.
Waste = People that work with waste
Los Ángeles, CA
1. What is waste?

2. What can we do with waste?
3. Working collaboratively with waste?
2. What can we do with waste?

 A. Document + Visualize + Analyze

 B. Reuse
A. Document + Visualize + Analyze
  Multimedia approach: from objects to landscape




Trash Safari. Madrid, 2005
You are what you throw away. Benicassim, Spain. 2007
You are what you throw away. Benicassim, 2007 with Iris Giménez Gil
Waste Packaging Index. Berlin, 2012 with Dietmar Offenhuber
Packaging
  Waste Packaging Index (WPI) =
                                      Total Weight of the product




Waste Packaging Index. Berlin, 2012
Waste Packaging Index. Berlin, 2012
How to document waste landscape?




6000km.org. 2006-2012
Residential Francisco Hernández + Toll Highway. Seseña, Toledo. Spain.




 Ciduad de Valdeluz. Guadalajara, Spain.
6000km exhibition at Centro Huarte. Navarra. Spain. 2011
... just panorama photos?
Web
+
Texts




PAU Ensanche de Vallecas. Madrid. Spain, at 6000km.org web site.
Map




meipi.org/6000km
Geotagging reusable
 waste in Ruhr.




Germany, 2010   http://basurama.org/b10_ruhr2010.htm
Geotagging reusable waste in Ruhr.




http://basurama.org/maps/ruhr/
...what more?




PAU Ensanche de Vallecas. Madrid. Spain.
PAU Ensanche de Vallecas. Madrid. Spain.
Real estate bubble contemporary ruins




PAU Ensanche de Vallecas. Madrid. Spain.
Aerial photography




PAU Ensanche de Vallecas. 2013
publiclaboratory.org
PAU Ensanche de Vallecas. 2013
Sort hundreds of images
Ruins at PAU Ensanche de Vallecas aerial photo at Public Laboratory web site.
Saugus Ash Landfill. Saugus, Massachusetts.
http://mapknitter.org/maps/saugus-incinerator-landfill
http://basurama.org/transtrash/2011/10/19/saugus-ash-landfill-map/
Satellite imaginery
Google Maps
Edit the map. Contribute to an open database.




   http://meipi.org/cambridgewaste   OpenStreetMap
B. Reuse
Reusing materials
and public space
Juego Chachi. Leandro Lattes (El vivero) + Basurama. 2005
Juego Chachi. Leandro Lattes (El vivero) + Basurama. 2005
Spermöla = Yard sale in public space




Spermöla 2004, 2005, 2006
Spermöla 2004, 2005, 2006
Free Shop.
Manresa, Spain. 2010. With Makea.
Free Shop.
Manresa, Spain. 2010. With Makea
3. Working collaboratively with waste?
RUS RESIDUOS URBANOS SÓLIDOS
URBAN SOLID WASTE
RUS
A series of chained projects developed by
Basurama and the local cultural-social
collaborators of every iteration of the project.

Every time the project ended with an action or
intervention in the public space, usually
degraded, and was centered in working urban
waste (Basurama 2011).


Funded by the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation
(AECID) through the Red de Centros Culturales de la Cooperación Española in
Latin America.
Timeline of a RUS project

1. Research trip
    -Local Materials, Techniques and Tools
    -Intervention spaces
    -Urban conflicts
    -Contact local agents: artists, neighbors, municipality.
2. Review information and pre-design
    -Establish a local main collaborator
3. Intervention trip
    -Production: materials, tools.
    -Design and co-design: iterations depending on
     negotiations, materials and actors
    -Construction: Workshop and prototype with locals
    -Action/intervention/installation
    -Unmount.
RUS is based on:
-Reactivation of public space

-Local community

-Waste

-Reuse
Public Space

-In danger/threaten
-Inadequate or poor maintenance
-Privatization
-Lack of use
-Abandonment
Local Community

-Wide range of stakeholders
 Neighbors, artists, students, waste pickers,
 designers, municipalities, institutions


-Different involvement:
 punctual support to full Involvement
Waste

-Source of information
-Low cost
-Location: harvest map
-Value vs Price
Reuse

Ubiquity of industrialized products
RUS Asunción. Paraguay. 2008 with Sonia Carísimo and Francisco Tomboly
RUS Asunción. Paraguay. 2008 with Sonia Carísimo and Francisco Tomboly
RUS Asunción + Varsaw 2010
Warsaw, Polen. 2010
RUS Buenos Aires. Todos somos cartoneros (We are all waste pickers) 2009
RUS Buenos Aires. Guide to create cooperatives. With Eloisa Cartonera.
RUS Buenos Aires. Guide to create cooperatives. With Eloisa Cartonera.
La ciudad de los niños. Cabanyal, Valencia (2009) with Arquitectura se mueve.
RUS Córdoba. Tejedoras Urbanas (Urban knitters) (2009) with Quinua   Photos: Quinua
RUS Córdoba. Tejedoras Urbanas (Urban knitters) (2009) with Quinua
Video: Juan Andres Mancuello http://youtu.be/v3uM1cNpOMc
RUS Córdoba. Tejedoras Urbanas (Urban knitters) (2009) with Quinua
Car parts.
RUS Mexico City. 2008
Car Tires
RUS LIMA
SELF MADE AMUSEMENT “GHOST
TRAIN” PARK
Initial research
Harvest map
Spaces
Uncompleted Metropolitan railway.




Photo: Sara Fernández Deustch
“El Tren fantasma” (ghost train)

-Elevated metropolitan railway project
-Started construction in 1986
-Opened 10km in 1990.
-For 20 years abandoned elevated
 infrastructure.
-Promised public transportation system
 that never arrived.
Open access?
Open workshop. Skill sharing
Collaborators

-Christians Luna (visual artist)
-Surquillo District Municipality
-Sandra Nakamura (visual artist)
-Camila Bustamante (graphic designer)
-El Cartón (architecture students collective)
-C.H.O.L.O. (artist collective based on Lima suburbs)
-El Cartón (architecture students collective)
-Playstationvagon (graffiti writers/urban artists)
-El Codo (graffiti writer/urban artist)
-Motivando Corazones collective (non profit
 organization)
-María Pía Raschio and Diego Alonso -Rossell (artist)
-Local group of boy scouts
RUS Lima, Peru. 2010
RUS Lima, Peru. 2010
… a week later




Aucahuasi. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tren_Eléctrico_viaducto_inconcluso.jpg
Second iteration of the project
driven by collaborators.

>Poster announcing self-build
workshop.




                                  Image: C.H.O.L.O.
Parque Autoarmable (Self-build playground)
“Nueva Esperanza” in Pachacutec, Ventanilla.




Developed by C.H.O.L.O., Christians Luna y the community of sector C1 de Pachacutec



                                                                       Photos: C.H.O.L.O.
Parque Autoarmable Nueva Esperanza. Lima
                                           Photos: C.H.O.L.O.
How can short projects change the way society
approach to waste and reuse?
fun
How can short projects change the way society
approach to waste and reuse?
How to work for a systemic change?
Change policies
  reused materials
  public space use/construction

Change construction processes
  self-build
Long term involvement.




Autobarrios. San Cristobal de los Ángeles, Madrid. 2013
zz
     Coming soon:
     Public audit of waste
     MIT Meda Lab Festival
     April 20th 2013
     http://basurama.org/transtrash/2013/04/0
     7/step-by-step-guide-to-picture-2-tons-
     of-waste/

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