Advocating for Web Archivability


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Presentation for a National Digital Stewardship Alliance Content Working Group meeting on why and how to advocate for web archivability.

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Advocating for Web Archivability

  1. 1. Advocating for Web Archivability Nicholas Taylor Web Archiving Service Manager Digital Library Systems and Services NDSA Content Working Group May 7, 2014
  2. 2. archivability? “carbonite” by simon under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
  3. 3. ADVOCATE? Why “Richard Lang of Electric Works - Bernal Bubbles Soapbox lecture” by Steve Rhodes under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
  4. 4. ignorance not indifference “DSC_9293.jpg” by Brian Shrader under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
  5. 5. good return on investment “The Art Came Back” by Michael Reeve under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
  6. 6. opens up new opportunities “Too Many Opportunities” by Erik Charlton under CC BY 2.0
  7. 7. COMPELLING CASE Making a “Sassy yet Sophisticated” by Bailey under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
  8. 8. future users are users, too “a connection between past and future” by Gioia De Antoniis under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
  9. 9. maintain web usability “Broken Web Connections? Welcome to 2009...” by Paul:Ritchie under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
  10. 10. improve temporal web usability Internet Archive: “Wayback Machine”
  11. 11. improve temporal web usability Internet Archive: “Wayback Machine”
  12. 12. recover your lost website “Warrick”
  13. 13. refer to earlier website versions “The Iraq War: Wikipedia Historiography” by STML under CC BY-SA 2.0
  14. 14. archivability is the new accessibility “Mansarius Victorian Computer” by United Geekdom of GNU/Linux under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
  15. 15. institutional history Internet Archive Wayback Machine: “Stanford University Homepage”
  16. 16. websites are cultural artifacts “The World Wide Web project”
  17. 17. facilitate compliance
  18. 18. optimize for other crawlers “SEO on a railway platform” by superboreen under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
  19. 19. IMPROVE ARCHIVABILITY How to “metal web” by paul:74 under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
  20. 20. follow web standards and accessibility guidelines “Web Standards Fortune Cookie” by Matt Herzberger under CC BY-SA 2.0
  21. 21. use a site map, transparent links, and contiguous navigation “Card sorting” by Manchester Library under CC BY-SA 2.0
  22. 22. maintain stable URLs and redirect when necessary “San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge 1442a” by Don Barrett under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
  23. 23. use semantically-meaningful URLs “”
  24. 24. be careful w/ robot exclusion rules “drupal/robots.txt at 7.x”
  25. 25. minimize reliance on external assets necessary for presentation Internet Archive Wayback Machine: “Stanford Department of English”
  26. 26. minimize reliance on external assets necessary for presentation “Stanford Department of English”
  27. 27. serve reusable assets from a single, common location Google Images: “stanford university seal”
  28. 28. specify HTTP response headers for caching and content encoding “time capsule on Alcatraz” by inajeep under CC BY 2.0
  29. 29. embed metadata, especially character encoding “Keep the Packaging!” by davidd under CC BY 2.0
  30. 30. use durable data formats “Lascaux cave painting” by Christine McIntosh under CC BY-ND 2.0
  31. 31. prefer responsive design over user- agent personalization “«Responsive web design» - 217/366” by Roger Ferrer Ibáñez under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
  32. 32. examine your site in the Internet Archive Wayback Machine Internet Archive Wayback Machine: “Welcome to A Multidimensional Perception ~/*= & PCGuru”
  33. 33. assess archivability w/ Archive Ready “Archive Ready”
  34. 34. COLLABORATION Opportunities for “collaboration” by Jennifer Leonard under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
  35. 35. discover content to be archived “Pecio en las Brother I” by Felix Esteban under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
  36. 36. custom 404 page Internet Archive: “Free "404: File Not Found" Handler for Webmasters to Improve User Experience”
  37. 37. deprecate without deletion “Banksy Rat Mural on Canal Street, Chinatown, New York City” by caruba under CC BY-NC 2.0
  38. 38. archive and redesign “Layers” by David Ingram under CC BY-NC 2.0
  39. 39. thank you! “stanford dish at sunset” by Dan under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Nicholas Taylor