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WRIT 2131


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Writing for the Sciences

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WRIT 2131

  1. 1. Writing 2131 Search Tips, Tricks & TechniquesNazi TorabiHealth Science LibrarianThe Allyn & Betty Taylor Library 24, 2011
  2. 2. Learning Outcomes• Create and different different search strategies• Find appropriate databases for subject searching using program guides• Avoid plagiarism by correct citation and paraphrasing (Next Optional Session)• Create a properly formatted bibliography (Next Optional Session)
  3. 3. Ideas• Expertanswer (2010, June 16). Women who choose boiled coffee run lower risk of breast cancer. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 20, 2010, from eases/2010/06/ m Image by Mark Prince from:
  4. 4. Search Strategies• Pearl methodology framework to expand on keywords you are using (Sandieson, 2006)• Subject headings searching• Citation tracking o Backward tracking o Forward tracking• Hand searching 4
  5. 5. Structured Search Methodology1. Have a research topic in the form of question2. Isolate the concepts3. Search concepts separately (Using OR)4. Combine concept sets (Using AND)5. Evaluate results and refine6. Apply limits if necessary 5
  6. 6. The QuestionDoes coffee consumption prevent breast cancer? Concepts Coffee Breast Cancer Prevention
  7. 7. Search StrategyLet’s search forCoffee AND Breast Cancer AND Prevention
  8. 8. Search StrategyCoffee AND Breast Cancer AND Prevention What is wrong with this search?!
  9. 9. Concept MapConcept 1 Concept 2 Concept 3 Concept 4 Concept 5 Coffee Breast cancer Prevention Caffeine Breast Neoplasms “risk factors”Antioxidant “Mammary Benefitsbeverages Neoplasm ” tea “Breast Tumor” “Breast Tumour “ 9
  10. 10. Search Strategy#1 Coffee OR Caffeine#2 Breast Cancer OR Breast Neoplasms OR Mammary Neoplasms OR Breast Tumor OR Breast Tumour#3 Prevention OR Risk factor#1 AND #2 AND #3
  11. 11. More on Boolean searching: 11
  12. 12. Multidisciplinary Databases• Web of Science• Scopus• Academic Search Complete• Google Scholar
  13. 13. Scopus
  14. 14. Web of Science
  15. 15. Concept MapConcept 1 Concept 2 Concept 3 Concept 4 Concept 5 Coffee Breast cancer Prevention Caffeine Breast Neoplasms “risk factors”Antioxidant “Mammary Benefitsbeverages Neoplasm ” tea “Breast Tumor” “Breast Tumour “ 15
  16. 16. Cited ReferenceBaker JA, Beehler GP, Sawant AC, Jayaprakash V, McCannSE, Moysich KB. (2006). Consumption of coffee, but not blacktea, is associated with decreased risk of premenopausalbreast cancer. JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 136 (1): 166-171Q: How many times has this article been cited in WOS andGoogle Scholar?
  17. 17. Storage & Electronic Document RetrievalKubica, K. (1985). Computer simulationstudies on significance of lipid polar headorientation. Computers and Chemistry,9(4), 351-356
  18. 18. Subject Heading Searching
  19. 19. Your turn!• Create a search chart for your topic. Jot down as many keywords as you can think of in the Concept Map working sheet .• Find the “Program Guide” page that corresponds with your topic.• What are the listed databases? Read the descriptions and pick one.• Search on your topic.
  20. 20. Citation Styles•Council of Science Editors (CSE) Style•American Psychological Association (APA) Style
  21. 21. Citing Sources References (APA)Goldsmith, M. R., Bankhead, C. R., & Austoker, J. (2007). Synthesising quantitative and qualitative research in evidence-based patient information. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 61(3), 262-270. doi:10.1037/0002-9432.76.4.482 References (CSE) Goldsmith MR, Bankhead CR, Austoker J. 2007. Synthesising quantitative and qualitative research in evidence-based patient information. J Epidemiol Community Health 61(3):262-70.
  22. 22. In-Text CitationDepending on the number of authors and the sourcetype, in-text citation various.e.g. (Goldsmith et al. 2007) for both APA and CSE
  23. 23. Council of Science Editors ManualScientific style and format : the CSE manual forauthors, editors, and publishers / Style ManualCommittee, Council of Science Editors.At Taylor Service Desk. On 2 hrs reserve.Call # QH304.C68 2006
  24. 24. What is RefWorks?• Personal bibliographic citation managers• Save citations as you search• Organize your research, Include citations while you write your paper• Import references from many data sources including databases, the UWO catalogue, even from web pages• Create bibliographies• Share citations with friends, colleagues, students, etc.
  25. 25. RefWorks off campus access1) Visit www.lib.uwo.ca2) Login to off-Campus Access (connect to proxy)3) Then, sign into RefWorks 1 2
  26. 26. Online Help for RefWorks• Taylor Support for RefWorks• RefWorks Help
  27. 27. Summary• Choosing the appropriate database(s) is as important as creating a good search strategy• Brainstorm and/or use a thesaurus to find the best terms• Proper use of truncation/wildcards as well as Boolean operators, and parentheses where necessary, will create the best searches
  28. 28. Thank You for Your Attention! Need library help. Please feel free to contact:Nazi Torabi Weldon Service Desk519-661-2111 ext 88992 519-661-3162 IM a librarian Taylor Service Desk 519-661-3168 Chat Available From your program Guide pageFeedback for online video tutorials 28