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Library Resources in Health Informatics


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Library Resources in Health Informatics

  1. 1. Health Library Resources for HEALTH INFORMATICS: PATH 9100/4100F <br />Nazi Torabi<br />Research & Instructional Librarian <br />Allyn & Betty Taylor Library<br />October 13, 2011<br /><br />1<br />
  2. 2. Objectives <br />To familiarize you with a variety of medical/health related resources <br />Overview of different search strategies<br />Addressing your clinical information needs within an Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) framework<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Objectives <br />To familiarize you with a variety of medical/health related resources <br />Databases<br />Grey literature resources and search engines<br />Consumer Health resources <br />Point-of-care tools<br />3<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />
  5. 5. Picking the right Database <br />Consider the following: <br />Subject coverage<br />Time span for coverage<br />Types of publications<br />Overlap in content with other resources<br />Frequency of update<br />How does the database work (index terms and other features) <br />5<br />
  6. 6. For more visit<br />6<br />
  7. 7. What is PubMed?<br /><ul><li>Database of biomedical journal citations and abstracts
  8. 8. US National Library of Medicine (NLM)
  9. 9. Freely accessible online
  10. 10. Over 20 Million Citations
  11. 11. Date coverage back to 1950</li></ul>7<br />
  12. 12. PubMed<br />8<br />
  13. 13. Scopus<br />9<br />
  14. 14. A scenario<br /> What are the most popular types of drinking water treatments in Canadian households? (e.g. Treated water prior to consumption; Used a filter or purifier; Used a filter or purifier on the main supply pipe; ...)<br />10<br />
  15. 15. 11<br />
  16. 16. 12<br />Professional Societies and Associations are great sources of information <br />
  17. 17. 13<br />
  18. 18. 14<br />
  19. 19. Covers over 1,800 clinical topic summaries<br />Point of care tool <br />Updated daily<br />Recommendations will be labeled as one of the following:<br />Grade A recommendation (consistent high-quality evidence) <br />Grade B recommendation (inconsistent or limited evidence) <br />Grade C recommendation (lacking direct evidence) <br />More info :<br />15<br />
  20. 20. covers over 8500 topics in 17 medical specialties <br />Summaries are a combination of synthesized literature reviews and expert knowledge.<br />Point of care tool <br />Grade 1 recommendation is a strong recommendation to do (or not do) something<br /> Grade 2 recommendation is a weaker recommendation, where the risks and benefits are more closely balanced or are more uncertain.<br />For more info :<br />16<br />
  21. 21. The TRIP Database is free unified search tool of evidence-based sites such as ACP Journal Club, Bandolier, Cochrane, DARE, Health Technology Assessment, and the National Guideline Clearing House. TRIP is produced by the Centre for Research Support in the UK.<br />17<br />
  22. 22. Objectives <br />Overview of different search strategies<br />Pearl methodology framework (Sandieson, 2006)<br />Subject headings <br />Citation tracking<br />Backward tracking <br />Forward tracking <br />Hand searching <br />18<br />
  23. 23. Sample Search Question: an example<br /> What is the efficiency of St. John's wort for smoking cessation? <br /><ul><li> St. John's wort
  24. 24. Smoking cessation</li></ul>19<br />
  25. 25. PubMed<br />20<br />
  26. 26. Pearl methodology framework<br />Step 1: Choosing a Representative Sample of Articles<br />Step 2: Extracting the Relevant Search Keywords<br />Step 3: Refining the List of Search Keywords<br />Step 4: Validating the Search Keywords<br />21<br />(Sandienson, 2011)<br />
  27. 27. Searching Using Subject Headings <br /><br />22<br />
  28. 28. St John Wort<br />SJW <br />Saint John's Wort<br />hypericum<br />Smoking <br />Smoking cessation Tobacco use cessation <br />Nicotine withdrawal<br />23<br />
  29. 29. PubMed<br />24<br />
  30. 30. Citation Tracking <br />Scopus <br />Web of Science<br />Google Scholar <br />25<br />
  31. 31. Objectives <br />Addressing your clinical information needs within an Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) framework<br />26<br />
  32. 32. Evidence Based Medicine (EBM)<br />“EBM is integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values”<br />Sackett et al. 2000. Evidence based medicine. How to practice and teach EBM. Second edition. Churchill Livingstone. London <br />27<br />
  33. 33. Asking a clinical question <br />Research Question (PICO)<br /><ul><li>Patient or Population
  34. 34. Intervention; Prognostic Factor; Exposure
  35. 35. Comparison
  36. 36. Outcome
  37. 37. Type of Question
  38. 38. Type of Study</li></ul>28<br />
  39. 39. Level of Evidence <br />29<br />
  40. 40. Filtered Information <br />Unfiltered Information <br />30<br />
  41. 41. <ul><li>Cochrane Database
  42. 42. ACP Journal Club
  43. 43. Trip
  44. 44. Up To Date
  45. 45. DynaMed
  46. 46. DARE</li></ul>Filtered Information <br /><ul><li>PubMed (MEDLINE)
  47. 47. EMBASE
  48. 48. PsycInfo
  49. 49. Scopus
  50. 50. Trip </li></ul>Unfiltered Information <br />Trip searches for all<br />31<br />
  51. 51. For more visit under Clinical Tools <br />32<br />Drug Resources<br />
  52. 52. Some tips on using Google<br />Limit your search to a particular domain name<br />Use quotations to search for exact phrase <br />33<br />
  53. 53. Thank You for Your Attention!<br /> <br />Need library help. Please feel free to contact:<br /> Nazi Torabi<br /> 519-661-2111 ext 88992<br /><br />IM a librarian<br /><br />Taylor Service Desk <br />519-661-3168 <br /><br />From your program Guide page <br /> More online tutorials are available at<br />Feedback on tutorials :<br />Chat Available <br />34<br />