Ethics in Dentistry


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here i made it for my community presentation but i hope, you people will get some good from it.

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Ethics in Dentistry

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  2. 2. ETHICS IN DENTISTRY Presented By: Intikhab Alam(08) BDS 2nd Year Presented To: Dr.Manzar Anwar Dr.Shakeel Ahmad Dr.Shazia Makhdum 2
  3. 3. Objective At the end of my presentation all the fellows of 2nd year BDS will be able to know about ethics, morality and ethics in dentistry. 3
  4. 4. Contents  Ethics Meaning  Ethics Definition  Personal Ethics(morality)  Dental Ethics  Principles of Dental Ethics  Hippocratic Oath  Codes of Ethics  Unethical Practices  References 4
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  6. 6. Ethics  Derived from Greek word ethos meaning “character or conduct”.  Used interchangeably with moral which is derived from Latin word mores meaning “customs or habits”. 6
  7. 7. Ethics Definition  Ethics, as a branch of philosophy, is the systematic study of what is right and good with respect to character and conduct. OR simply  Branch of philosophy, which deals with the examination of human conduct. 7
  8. 8. Personal Ethics  Personal ethics might also be called morality, since they reflect general expectations of any person in any society, acting in any capacity. 8
  9. 9. Dental Ethics  Dental ethics is defined as: “The moral duties and obligations of a dentist towards his/her patients, professional colleagues and society”.  Dental ethics applies moral principles and virtues to the practice of dentistry. 9
  10. 10. Principles of Dental Ethics  These principles help in choosing the right course of actions in certain difficult decision making situations. The principles of ethics are as under:  To do good  To do no harm  Autonomy  Justice  Truthfulness  confidentiality 10
  11. 11. To do Good (Beneficence)  Attributes to Hippocrates.  Beneficence refers to the principle of promoting or doing good.  Should always think about the welfare of the patient.  Put the patient’s best interests as priority. 11
  12. 12. To do no Harm (Non-maleficence)  Hippocrates has laid an emphasis on it.  The dentist has a duty to refrain from harming the patient.  Keeping knowledge and skills current.  Should inform the patient who may have been exposed to blood borne pathogen or other infectious disease.  Use of unsterilized instruments, under- filling or overfilling, carelessness in handling hard and soft tissues can harm the patients. 12
  13. 13. Autonomy(Self Governance)  The dentist should educate the patient to his/her best regarding treatment.  Treat the patient according to patient’s desire.  Information given should be easily understood.  In case of minors, parents or guardians can grant the consent for care.  Respect the patient’s right to self- determination and confidentiality. 13
  14. 14. Justice(Fairness)  Dealing with people justly and delivering dental care without prejudice.  Treating people fairly without discrimination of socio-economic status, race, creed, color, sex or national origin. 14
  15. 15. Truthfulness or Veracity  Patient doctor relationship based on mutual trust.  The dentist has a duty to communicate truthfully.  Dentists shall not represent the care being rendered to their patients in a false or misleading manner.  Patient expect the dentist to be truthful about the information given , treatment rendered and the prognosis. 15
  16. 16. Confidentiality  There should be understanding b/w dentist and patient.  Any information revealed by the patient to the dentist will not be divulged without the patient’s consent.  Except the situation where disclosure is needed to protect others, the patient itself and community. 16
  17. 17. Hippocratic Oath  To consider dear to me, him who taught me this art, and to consider my goods with him;  I will use those dietary regimens which will benefit my patients according to my greatest ability and judgment and I will do no harm or injustice to them.  I will pass my life and practice my art with full purity and holiness. 17
  18. 18. Cont’d  I will not cut for stone, even for patients in whom the disease is manifest; I will leave this operation to be performed by practitioners/specialist in this art.  I will give no deadly medicine to anyone, nor suggest any such counsel.  In every house where I come I will only enter for the good and benefit of my patients, keeping myself far from all intentional ill doing and all seduction. 18
  19. 19. Cont’d  Whatever I see or hear in the lives of my patients, which ought not to be spoken of outside, I will keep secret, as considering all such things to be private.  If I keep this oath faithfully, may I enjoy my life and practice my art, respected by all men and in all times; but if I swerve from it, may the reverse be my lot. 19
  20. 20. Codes of Ethics  Primarily developed for patient’s benefit.  Represents principles of professional conduct, rules and responsibilities by which the dentist must aspire to fulfill their responsibilities to patients, colleagues and society.  Vary from country to country or within the same country. 20
  21. 21. Duties Towards Colleagues  Cherish a proper pride in your colleagues and treat them as brothers and sisters.  Should not make disparaging comments of the procedures or qualification of colleagues.  Honor mutual arrangements made regarding remuneration. 21
  22. 22. Duties Toward Colleagues  On no account do anything harmful to the interest of the members of fraternity.  Retire in favor of the regular dentist, after the emergency is over.  Institute correct treatment at once with the least comment.  Regard it as a pleasure and privilege to render gratuitous services to another dentist, his immediate family members. 22
  23. 23. Duties Toward Patients  The best recommendation for a dentist should be his/her personal reputation, professional ability and fidelity.  The welfare of the patient should be the top priority.  Be courteous, sympathetic, friendly and always be ready to the call of patients.  Observe punctuality in fulfilling appointments. 23
  24. 24. Duties Toward Patients  Race, Religion, Nationality or Relation should not interfere in providing the best available services.  Provide high quality of care to the patient.  Keep knowledge current and strive for new for better treatment of patient.  maintain accurate dental and medical records of patients  Keep all personal information regarding a patient confidentiality. 24
  25. 25. Duties Towards Community  To participate in community affairs  Educate the public in promotion of health  To be trustworthy and honest  To provide for his needs/welfare  To honor his parents  To respect the property of others  To follow community laws  To use the social services provided  To take a leadership role in community and  Elevate the esteem of profession 25
  26. 26. Unethical Practices  Practice by unregistered persons employed by the dentists.  Represent itself in a manner that is false or misleading and representing their fees in deceptive manner.  Issuing any certificate signed by the dentist which is untrue, misleading or improper.  Use of bogus diplomas, allowing or accepting commissions. 26
  27. 27. Unethical Practices(cont’d)  Non referral, in case treatment beyond the dentist skill.  Performing unnecessary services for purpose of monetary gain.  Emerging consultation during temporary absence of patient’s dentist, and patient is not sent back.  Dentist advertising whether directly or indirectly, for purpose of obtaining patients. 27
  28. 28. Difficult Terms  Cut for Stone: means surgical removal of stones i.e gallstone, kidney stone etc.  Regimens: Any regulation or remedy which is intended to produce beneficial effects by gradual operation. 28
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  30. 30. References  Google  Wikipedia  SS Hiremath 30
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