Modern Republicanism• In all things that deal with people, be liberal. In all things that deal with money, be conservative.• It seemed like Ike just hovered over issues and never used the power of the Presidency!
Operation Wetback (1954) • Increasing numbers of illegal aliens in the 1950’s • US orders deportation of 1.4 million Mexicans • Most voluntarily went back to Mexico • Others put on boats or trucks and taken to Mexican Southern border • Ike’s Popularity
Jonas Salk• Created vaccine for Polio in 1952 • Polio attacks the nervous system (paralysis)• Headquartered at University of Pittsburgh• First dose given to 2 million kids aged 6-9
Baby Boom• 76 million kids born between 1945-1964 • 94% of men, 97% of women got married!• Oldest Boomers turn 66 this year!• Means that they can start accepting early Social Security• Today, 28% of the population!
Brown vs. the Board of Education• 1954-Topeka, Kansas• Linda Brown • 8 year old • Has to walk 2 miles in order to attend a “Black School” • Wants to attend the “White” School that is ½ mile away
Brown cont. • Brown family takes decision to court • Overturns Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) • Things can be “separate if they are equal” • Decision by Warren Court • Judicial Activism-Supreme Court will solve social issues if someone else won’t • Schools should be desegregated “With All Deliberate Speed”
Montgomery Bus Boycott • 1955-Montgomery, AL • Rosa Parks sits down on a bus • As the bus fills, she needs to move to the back of the bus! • She doesn’t-She is arrested w/$10 fine
Boycott cont.• Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. organizes a boycott• How?? • Churches• King was arrested and held for 2 weeks• Boycott went on for 381 days• In the end, Montgomery finally allowed bus riders to sit where they wanted & city starts to integrate!