Ppt For Ct Ec Ask

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Powerpoint Presentation about Evidence for Critical Thinking class (Extra Credit)

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Ppt For Ct Ec Ask

  1. 1. Created by: Ahmed Khan Evidence
  2. 2. Friendly Audience <ul><li>It requires the least evidence. </li></ul><ul><li>They already support your position on the claim. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How much evidence do you need? <ul><li>To determine the amount of evidence you need depends on the level of controversy of the claim that you are trying to back up and your credibility as an advocate. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three types of audiences; friendly audience, neutral audience, and hostile audience. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Which evidence??? <ul><li>Now you know what type of audiences requires the amount of evidence you will be needing for your claim. </li></ul><ul><li>There are five basic types of evidence used by critical thinkers to support their arguments: common knowledge evidence, hearsay evidence, precedent evidence, statistical evidence, and testimonial evidence. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hostile Audience <ul><li>This requires the most evidence because they are against your point of view. </li></ul><ul><li>They have a mindset to deny your point of view. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to have a good amount of evidence with details to swing them to your side. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Neutral Audience <ul><li>They are in the neutral zone. They could easily go either side of the claim. </li></ul><ul><li>It requires more evidence to turn convince that your side of the claim makes more sense. </li></ul><ul><li>The quality of the evidence is vital to convince them to your side. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Common Knowledge Evidence <ul><li>If you base the argument of common knowledge it is one of the easiest way of securing belief in an idea. </li></ul><ul><li>The audience will use the is evidence and accept it without questioning you. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Statistical Evidence <ul><li>This deals with polls, surveys, and other numbers that can be used as statistics. </li></ul><ul><li>They are not as reliable because of biased and other factors that goes into doing the survey, for example, people chosen to take the survey. </li></ul><ul><li>They are not that much used as evidence due to being biased and not as realiable as the other evidences. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hearsay Evidence <ul><li>It is also called rumor or gossip evidence. </li></ul><ul><li>This has the highest chance of getting your point of view across with errors because it is hard to be proven. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not the best evidence to use because you can’t relate it back to a specific source since it is a rumor, but it could be true. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Testimonial Evidence <ul><li>Three forms of testimonial evidence: eyewitness, expert-witness, and historiography. </li></ul><ul><li>Eyewitness testimony is a person who was there and actually saw the event take place. </li></ul><ul><li>Expert-witness testimony is for qualified people to testfiy. For example, like forensic people and psychologist. They would testify and they would be considered expert-witness. </li></ul><ul><li>Historiography is basically the use of the evidence. In what way can the evidence be used to strengthen the case. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Precedent Evidence <ul><li>Two types of precedent evidence: legal and personal. </li></ul><ul><li>Legal precedent is a principle law that has been set from previous cases that they use for current cases. These are very hard to overturn. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal precedent is that you look at what others are doing to understand your expectations. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Conclusion <ul><li>Just remember there are three types of audiences; friendly, neutral, and hostile. </li></ul><ul><li>First know your audience then you will know how much evidence you will need. </li></ul><ul><li>There are five types of evidence that critical thinkers use; precedent, statistical, testimonial, hearsay, and common knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Based on what you are trying to prove you will know which evidence will work best for it. </li></ul>

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