Styles of Art Pt.2 <ul><li>Post Impressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Expressionism </li></ul><ul><li>Art Nouveau </li></ul><ul><li>Fauvism </li></ul><ul><li>Cubism </li></ul><ul><li>Futurism </li></ul><ul><li>Orphism </li></ul><ul><li>Art Deco </li></ul><ul><li>Surrealism </li></ul><ul><li>Abstractionism </li></ul><ul><li>Action Painting </li></ul><ul><li>Pop </li></ul><ul><li>Op </li></ul><ul><li>Minimalism </li></ul><ul><li>Post Modern </li></ul>
Post Impressionism (which also included pointillism) is an art movement characterized by it’s move away in different directions from Impressionism as seen in Still Life with Apples and Oranges (1895) by Paul Cezanne, Van Gogh Painting Sunflowers (1888) by Paul Gaugin, and Sunflowers (1888) (Starry Night (1889) by Vincent Van Gogh.
Expressionism is an art movement characterized by human feelings like fear, showing tragedy like the horrors of war, darker colors, and angry strokes, as seen in Scream (1893) and The Dead Mother (1897) by Edvard Munch, Christ’s Entry into Brussels (1889) and Skeletons Warming Themselves at a Stove (1889) by James Ensor.
Art Nouveau was an arts and crafts movement characterized by curvilinear lines, soft colors, floral motifs, the female body, nature and a high level of craftsmanship in response to shoddy manmade goods, as seen in these works from from the late 1890’s by Czech artist Alphonse Mucha (1860 to 1939); Dance, The Blonde; the Tassel House by Victor Horta 1892 and the stained glass Wisteria lamp by Louis Comfort Tiffany (1902).
Fauvism ( wild beasts ) was an art movement that used intense sometimes clashing or unnatural colors and bold brush strokes as seen in Joy of Life (1905) and Harmony in Red (1908) by Henri Matisse, The Blue House (1906) by Maurice de Vlaminck, and St. Paul’s Cathedral seen from the Thames (1906) by André Derain.
Cubism is a movement in art, characterized by subjects reduced to geometric shapes such as cubes, shows different views and angles of an object that couldn’t be seen normally like a 3-D picture flattened out as seen in The Three Musicians (1921) and Guernica (1937) by Pablo Picasso, Bottle and Fishes (1910) and Man and a Guitar (1911) by George Braque
Futurism is an Italian art movement celebrating noise, technology, machines, war, photography and movement, characterized by contrast, speed, and restlessness of modern life as seen in Street Light, Study of Light (1909) and Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash (1912) by Giacomo Balla, Dynamism of a Soccer Player (1913) by Umberto Boccioni, and Armoured Train (1915) by Gino Severini.
Orphism is an art movement sometimes called Orphic Cubism, characterized by use of circles, and overlapping planes of bright, contrasting colors as seen in Simultaneous Contrasts: Sun and Moon (1912) and Carousel with Pigs (1922) by Robert Delaunay and Rythme Couleur (1958) Electric Prisms (1914) by his wife Sonia Delaunay
Art Deco (a term not used till the 1960’s) is a Post WWI style and period of art that began in Paris as Art Moderne and also known as streamline modern, in the 1920’s based on new technology and modern living, having extravagant colors and designs, and using distortion and simplification considered to be elegant and sophisticated as seen in the Chrysler Building (1930) by William Van Alen (Am), glassware by René Lalique, furniture by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and fashion magazine illustration and costume design by Erte,’ and household goods frim the 1930’s.
Surrealism is a form of art characterized by a dreamlike quality, confusing images, strange combinations of objects and shapes as seen in Constellations (1940+) by Joan Miro’ (Sp.), The Persistence of Memory (1933) by Salvador Dali (Sp.), The Son of Man (1964) by Rene’ Magritte (Bel.), and I and the Village (1911) by Marc Chagall (Russ.)
Abstractionism is an art movement from the early to mid 1900’s, which is characterized by non-representational 2 dimensional forms, simple shapes and lines, not a lot of blending, and pure colors as seen in White Center by Mark Rothko, Broadway Boogie Woogie by Piet Mondrian, Red Canna by Georgia O’Keeffe (1924), and Composition #4 by Wassily Kandinsky (1911).
Action Painting is an abstract expressionism art movement characterized by asymmetry, bold, strong aggressive brush strokes, dribbling or splashing of paint, disorganization, and spontaneity as seen in Jackson Pollock’s (pictured in action) Lavender Mist (1950), Franz Kline’s Untitled (1954), and Willem de Kooning’s Study for Woman Number One (1952).
Pop Art is an art movement that began in England, characterized by popular images like those in movies, politics, advertising, comic strips, supermarket products as seen in M-Maybe (1965) and Wham (1963) by Roy Lichtenstein, and Brillo Box (1968) and Marilyn Monroe (1962) by Andy Warhol.
Op Art is a form of Abstract art characterized by use of optical color and perspective illusions, repetition of simple forms, confusing background and foreground, and other visual effects as seen in Balcony (1945) and Other World (1947) by MC Escher, Axo GJ (1968) and Boo (1978) by Victor Vasarely
Minimalism or Color Field is a style of art which is characterized by no recognizable objects and a minimum of colors, shapes, lines and textures as seen in Orange and Yellow (1956) by Mark Rothko, Blue, Green, Yellow, Orange, Red (1966) by Ellsworth Kelly, Scramble Ascending Orange Values (1978) and Harran II (1967) by Frank Stella.
Peter Max 1960’s Pop Artist Keith Haring 1980’s Semi-abstract Chuck Close Photorealist 1990’s