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Footnote terminology

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Footnote terminology

  1. 1. What do those little squiggles at the bottom of the page mean? Or...understanding footnotes
  2. 2. e.g. i.e ibid op. cit cf. italics vs. quotes et al. analyzing footnotes The list
  3. 3. e.g. i.e ibid op. cit cf. italics vs. quotes et al. analyzing footnotes The list “for example”. The buffet provided excellent variety, e.g., vegetarian and non- vegetarian soups, Italian and French breads, and numerous sweets.
  4. 4. e.g. i.e ibid op. cit cf. italics vs. quotes et al. analyzing footnotes The list “in other words”. It happened in August; i.e., two months ago.
  5. 5. e.g. i.e ibid op. cit cf. italics vs. quotes et al. analyzing footnotes The list “see the last citation” [1] E.Vijh, Latin for Dummies (NewYork: Academic, 1997), p. 23. [2] Ibid. [3] Ibid., p. 29.
  6. 6. e.g. i.e ibid op. cit cf. italics vs. quotes et al. analyzing footnotes The list “already cited” (9) R. Millan, Art of Latin Grammar (Academic: NewYork, 1997), p. 23. (10) G.Wiki, Towards a More Perfect Speech (Blah Ltd.: London, 2003), p. 354. (11) Millan, op. cit., p. 5.
  7. 7. e.g. i.e ibid op. cit cf. italics vs. quotes et al. analyzing footnotes The list “go see” The Phantom Menace is generally regarded as the worst movie of all time; cf. Dixon (1972)
  8. 8. e.g. i.e ibid op. cit cf. italics vs. quotes et al. analyzing footnotes The list “quotes” = article italics = book title
  9. 9. e.g. i.e ibid op. cit cf. italics vs. quotes et al. analyzing footnotes The list “and others” For the best resource for understanding why The Phantom Menace inspired so many violent protests, see Simmons, McCarthy, et al. (2006)
  10. 10. e.g. i.e ibid op. cit cf. italics vs. quotes et al. analyzing footnotes The list Footnotes are extended elements of the argument.They send readers to other resources, add secondary information, and tell you where the author found the information.
  11. 11. Final points Most footnote questions are really questions about how those footnotes are trying to extend,modify, or support the argument of the text.

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