HOW TO ANALYZE Evidence
FULKERSON’S CRITERIASufficiency           Is there enough evidence?Typicality       Is the evidence representative?Accurac...
TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionna...
TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionna...
TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionna...
TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionna...
TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionna...
TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionna...
TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionna...
TYPES OF EVIDENCE •Data from Personal Experience •Data from Observation of Field Experience •Data from Interviews, Questio...
TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionna...
MOSH PITS SHOULD BEBANNED FROM ALL SEATTLE
Evidence
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Evidence

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Evidence

  1. 1. HOW TO ANALYZE Evidence
  2. 2. FULKERSON’S CRITERIASufficiency Is there enough evidence?Typicality Is the evidence representative?Accuracy Is the evidence correct and recent?Relevance Does the evidence connect with the claim?
  3. 3. TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionnaires, Surveys•Data from Library or Internet Research•Testimony•Statistical Data•Hypothetical Examples, Cases, and Scenarios•Reasoned Sequence of Ideas Ritalin is a safe and effective drug. My little brother was terrror before he took the drug and now he’s a scholar and a debate club president.
  4. 4. TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionnaires, Surveys•Data from Library or Internet Research•Testimony•Statistical Data•Hypothetical Examples, Cases, and Scenarios•Reasoned Sequence of IdeasThe intersection of Fifth and Cloverdale isdangerous. Last Friday, I watched the intersectionfor 45 minutes. During that time, not once did carsstop properly for pedestrians trying to cross.
  5. 5. TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionnaires, Surveys•Data from Library or Internet Research•Testimony•Statistical Data•Hypothetical Examples, Cases, and Scenarios•Reasoned Sequence of IdeasStudents should not be required to take matchclasses.In a recent survery I conducted in all of theShorewood Math classes, only 8% of students believedthat math coursework would help them in their latercareers.
  6. 6. TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionnaires, Surveys•Data from Library or Internet Research•Testimony•Statistical Data•Hypothetical Examples, Cases, and Scenarios•Reasoned Sequence of IdeasHigh carb/low fat diets are not the best way to loseweight. Walter Willett of the Harvard school of PublicHealth conducted research that suggests that complexcarbs such as pasta and potatoes spike glucose levels,increasing the risk of diabetes.
  7. 7. TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionnaires, Surveys•Data from Library or Internet Research•Testimony•Statistical Data•Hypothetical Examples, Cases, and Scenarios•Reasoned Sequence of IdeasDespite the claims of environmental skeptics, acid rainis still a significant problem. David Bellamy, president ofthe Conservation Foundation, remarks, “Acid rain killsforests and people around the world, especially inhighly poluted places such as Russia.”
  8. 8. TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionnaires, Surveys•Data from Library or Internet Research•Testimony•Statistical Data•Hypothetical Examples, Cases, and Scenarios•Reasoned Sequence of IdeasAmericans are delaying marriage at a surprising rate. In1970, 85 percent of Americans between the ages of 15and 29 were married. In 2000, however, only 54 percentwere married (US Census Bureau).
  9. 9. TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionnaires, Surveys•Data from Library or Internet Research•Testimony•Statistical Data•Hypothetical Examples, Cases, and Scenarios•Reasoned Sequence of IdeasImagine what would happen if we continue to usebiotech soybeans that are resistant to herbicides. Theresistant gene might be transferred to an ordinaryweed, creating an out-of-control superweed wecouldn’t kill--an ecological disaster.
  10. 10. TYPES OF EVIDENCE •Data from Personal Experience •Data from Observation of Field Experience •Data from Interviews, Questionnaires, Surveys •Data from Library or Internet Research •Testimony •Statistical Data •Hypothetical Examples, Cases, and Scenarios •Reasoned Sequence of IdeasEmbryonic stem cell research may have negative socialconsequences. This research encourages us to think ofembryos as mere cellular matter. Currently, we think ofanimals that we engineer to create, say, heart valves in a similarway. Using human embryos as material to be destroyed couldpossibly lead to a devaluing of human life.
  11. 11. TYPES OF EVIDENCE•Data from Personal Experience•Data from Observation of Field Experience•Data from Interviews, Questionnaires, Surveys•Data from Library or Internet Research•Testimony•Statistical Data•Hypothetical Examples, Cases, and Scenarios•Reasoned Sequence of IdeasYour turn: For each category brainstorm strengthsand limitations of this type of evidence.
  12. 12. MOSH PITS SHOULD BEBANNED FROM ALL SEATTLE

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