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African Urban Matters - African Ideas - Connected Cities

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Presentation at the first African Urban Matters: Cities of the Future event in Cape Town, South Africa from 14-15 November 2013 which was held in collaboration with African Ideas.

According to UN-HABITAT, the population in some cities will increase by almost 85% over the next 10 years. This startling fact means that a multitude of problems are arising due to rapid urbanisation spiralling.

As Africa becomes increasingly urbanized with thousands of people flocking to all major hubs - where the urban population was about 36% in 2010, it is projected to increase to 50% and 60% by 2030 and 2050 respectively - and the continent’s rapidly growing middle-class is insisting upon more of a saying how their cities are run, it is becoming crucial to relook models of engagement with citizens and their urban planning methodologies and efficiencies.

Local government organisations, which are already under incredible pressure are facing increasing challenges in providing basic services, let alone the requirements of the future. Relooking these models is also an opportunity to innovate and promote both transparency and efficiencies.

SAP designed its global Urban Matters program in response to these challenges, with the goal to improve people's lives. The program comprises a collection of SAP ICT solutions specifically aimed at helping government organisations of all sizes simply run better.

During this event being hosted in the beautiful Mother City of Cape Town, South Africa, expect to be involved in thought-provoking sessions and discussions with global and local urban development experts and best-in-class cities, to find out how ICT solutions have helped them to create significantly better cities.

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African Urban Matters - African Ideas - Connected Cities

  1. 1. African Ideas for Local Government Nirvesh Sooful CEO, African Ideas African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013
  2. 2. African Ideas – who we are African Ideas is a strategic consultancy helping governments to accelerate the benefits of ICT enabled change through transformation of the public sector and the wider economy. African Ideas brings together people with a track record of success in delivering social, economic and public sector transformation. At the heart of African Ideas is a team that has worked at top global organisations and who led some of the country’s most ambitious and successful programmes of e-transformation. “dropping a stone, or even a drop of water, in a pond causes ripples to emanate from the source, getting bigger and bigger the further away from the source they get. This is a powerful example of small changes causing large and farreaching effects” At African Ideas, we specialise in working with our clients to identify these ‘big lever’ projects – the projects which, when embarked upon, will set the necessary ripples in motion to drive change and transformation throughout an eco-system. In this way we aim to have a profound effect on the society in which we operate. 2 African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 2
  3. 3. More than ever, human life revolves around the city One hundred years ago, less that 20% of people lived in an urban area. By 1990, less than 30% of the global population lived in a city, but as of 2010, more than half of all people live in an urban area. By 2050, this proportion will increase to 70% 3 Source: UN, Department of Economic & Social Affairs, Population Division African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 3
  4. 4. Africa is also rapidly urbanising In the 1950’s the entire continent was pretty much rural Currently around 40% of Africans currently live in urban areas, making Africa more urbanised than India and slightly less urbanised than China. At present, subSaharan Africa is second only to Eastern Asia in terms of the pace of urbanisation Urbanisation rates 2010 - 2015 By 2030 it will be 50% and by 2050, it will be 60% In 2010, there were 94 sub-Saharan Africa cities with a population of more than 500 000 … and in 2025 there will be 144 such cities African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 4
  5. 5. However it is important to understand… Africa is a very large and very complex place with many unique challenges African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 5
  6. 6. And it has a different kind of urbanisation UN's 2010 State of African Cities report observes that “experience shows that across the world, urbanisation has been associated with improved human development, rising incomes and better living standards,” but warns that rapid urbanisation can be more of a burden than an opportunity for Africa. “Socio-economic conditions in African cities are now the most unequal in the world”. This situations threatens stability, affecting not only the continuity of cities as socio-political human ecosystems but also entire nations. $93 Billion of investment is required annually for infrastructure - water, electricity, sanitation, irrigation, transport and ICT African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 6
  7. 7. And this is why technology has to play a key role With the challenges that we have, we need efficient and cost effective government as all available resources need to be spent on dealing with the massive infrastructure backlogs that we have. One of the challenges that we have seen in South Africa, is the burgeoning cost of government administration, without the necessary investment in infrastructure – this is a very dangerous position. Technology can help. In fact, it is the only real answer. We need to increase our investment in effective technology so that we can reduce the cost of running government. SAP African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 7
  8. 8. Cities are amazing places The city is a microcosm of the major challenges and opportunities facing the planet today—intensified and accelerated. Here, all man-made systems come together and interact with one another. Electricity - distribution & retail Primary health care Economic & Social Development Emergency Services Municipal Policing Roads, Stormwater & Transport Sport & Recreation Opportunity City Administration Public Housing Urban Planning & Environment Water & Sanitation - storage, treatment & distribution The information/ ICT challenge Inclusive Community Services Solid Waste / landfill, removal & area cleaning • Leveraging information to make better decisions • Anticipating problems to resolve them proactively • Co-ordinating resources to operate effectively African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 8
  9. 9. Key objectives of an ICT enablement strategy within the context of a developmental state Citizens and businesses Target: Target: Target: Government employees & elected politicians Citizens Society & the economy Foundation Efficient and Effective Administration Improved Governance and Customer Service Social and Economic Development Leadership & Strategy Enabling policy and regulatory environment Core/ strategic infrastructure Appropriate Institutional Model (for delivery) African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 9
  10. 10. Many of the issues that we were facing then, still plague local government in SA today • Lack of / Poor service delivery (water, sanitation, electricity, refuse removal) • Lack of communication with communities • Corruption and Nepotism • Financial mismanagement and Maladministration • Outstanding debt payments for municipal services • Lack of capacity – poor project planning, poor management and/or underspending by municipalities • Government officials who spend time focusing on their personal business interests at the expense of service delivery. • Violation of MFMA & Supply Chain Mgt - results in tender irregularities, fuels corruption, erodes confidence in municipal leadership and compromises service delivery. • Poverty and unemployment A REPORT ON THE CURRENT ‘SERVICE DELIVERY PROTESTS’ IN SOUTH AFRICA. Commissioned by the House Chairperson Committees, Oversight and ICT, Parliament of South Africa, 2009 African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 10
  11. 11. Cities of the future: key issues • Interconnected Systems and the “internet of things” • Connected Citizens • Big Data Source: Bosch Internet of Things and Services Lab 11 11 African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 11
  12. 12. 12 African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 12
  13. 13. Connected Citizens 13 African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 13
  14. 14. Connected Citizens: Impact of Mobile Global rank 49 55 56 60 62 65 69 76 77 82 Country Ghana Zimbabwe Namibia Egypt South Africa Cape Verde Mauritius Botswana Sudan Libya Penetration rate 33.3% 29.7% 28.8% 26.9% 26% 22.5% 21.5% 16.6% 16.4% 13.8% Source: ITU As Dr. Yonah (previous Director: ITC at Tanzania’s Ministry of Communications) says, “the proof is in the adverts”. He points out that data is being bundled even if people might not want it. Because they can & it so cheap. 900 Tanzanian Shilling = R5.80 or US$0.56 African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 14
  15. 15. Technology and Culture This technological solution even deals with an issue of urbanisation – how do you maintain a traditional culture in an urban context where space is at a premium African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 15
  16. 16. Empowered Citizens (who have having powerful platforms of their own) Impact of cheap consumer grade sensor technology and connected citizens Offers unprecedented opportunities for comanagement of cities – given our infrastructure backlog hedonometer.org an instrument that measures the happiness of large populations in real time 16 16 African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 16
  17. 17. Big data (as a result of 1 trillion things, all generating data) Source: CISCO 17 African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 17
  18. 18. Big Data - Big issues to be resolved Big data or Big brother (power & control) Access (usage rights & obligations) Open data information transparency Privacy Security Source:http://www.slidesha re.net/gleonhard/data-isthe-new-oil-publicy-is-thenew-privacy-futuristspeaker-gerd-leonhard 18 African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 Ethics Etc. 18
  19. 19. Conclusion Africa is rapidly urbanising – like the rest of the world This could be an opportunity or challenge for us Across the world, urbanisation has been associated with improved human development, rising incomes and better living standards, However currently socio-economic conditions in African cities are the most unequal in the world. Our infrastructure backlogs are scary. Traditional methods and traditional approaches are not going to work. We need to do things radically different. ICT offers great promise and potential to look at innovative ways if managing and governing cities. However ICT on its own will not do this – need an effective and integrated strategy that looks at people, processes and technology across society African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 19
  20. 20. African Ideas and the African Centre for Cities • About the ACC • The African Centre for Cities (ACC) was established at the University of Cape Town in 2007. It is an interdisciplinary research institute that facilitates critical urban research and policy discourse for the promotion of vibrant, democratic and sustainable urban development in the global South from an African perspective. The ACC works at local, national, Africa and global scales. • ACC’s research programme on Cape Town is called the CityLab programme. Initiated in 2008 as an interdisciplinary applied research programme for learning from the experience of Cape Town. The programme provides a dedicated, university based but multi-partner research process to investigate urban dynamics in the region. The programme is organised around a number of key themes, each of which has a lifespan of around three year. Current themes include Climate Change, Healthy Cities, Green/ Sustainable Cities • African Ideas is working with the ACC to develop an African focussed lab (based on the City Lab and Living Labs concept) focussing on technology and urbanisation. • We would welcome the Cities and the vendors here to engage/ partner with us around this very important initiative. African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 20
  21. 21. Thank you Contact information: Nirvesh Sooful CEO: African Ideas nirvesh@africanideas.co.za www.africanideas.co.za www.slideshare.net/nsooful African Urban Matters: 14-15 November 2013 21

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