The History,War and Politics Quiz- NSIT Quiz Fest 2013
NSIT Quiz Fest - 2013THE HISTORY, WAR & POLITICSQUIZ
1. __________ is a revered figure in Islam, whom the Quran describes as a righteous servant of God, who possessed great wisdom or mystic knowledge. He is said to be the unseen guide and protector of all Sufis, a mysterious figure who would rescue dervishes lost in the billowing sands of Sinai or drowning in the Nile or the Oxus. However there was disagreement among Islamic scholars about where he lived. Sometimes he was called a contemporary of Abraham who left Babel alongside the patriarch; at other times a friend of Moses who helped guide the tribes of Israel through the Red Sea. Some thought of him to be a contemporary of Alexander while others said he was the great-grandson of Shem, son of Noah. He wore a long white beard, was always dressed in green and hence was called ______ (Arabic for Green), because where he knelt and prayed the soil instantly became covered with thick vegetation.
Q.2 (X or Y)/ ID. Originally coined to criticize the anti-communist pursuits of Republican U.S. Senator X of Wisconsin, “Y” soon took on a broader meaning, describing the excesses of similar efforts. The term is also now used more generally to describe reckless, unsubstantiated accusations, as well as demagogic attacks on the character or patriotism of political adversaries. The primary targets of such suspicions were government employees, those in the entertainment industry, educators and union activists. Suspicions were often given credence despite inconclusive or questionable evidence, and the level of threat posed by a persons real or supposed leftist associations or beliefs was often greatly exaggerated. Many people suffered loss of employment and/or destruction of their careers; some even suffered imprisonment. <Picture on Next Slide>
3. X affair or Sahlin affair was a Swedish political scandal , in which in October 1995 became public knowledge that the Socialist politician Mona Sahlin during his time as Minister of Labour from 1990 to 1991 on several occasions used the states credit card for private expenses. She had bought the goods, rented cars for private use, and have taken out cash on the card. In total there was about private expenditure to the value of 53,174 crowns. Among the goods purchased were two Xs , which gave rise to name X affair. The transaction resulted partly in a preliminary investigation , which was shut down when no offense was detected, besides Sahlin, who in 1995 was deputy prime minister and the prime candidate to take over as party leader of the Social Democrats after Ingvar Carlsson , resigned from his post and no longer ran for the post of party leader. What was this scam popularly known as?
Hans Conrad Schuman was an East German soldier who famously defected to West Germany during the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961.
5. X was an American photographer and documentary photographer. She is best known as the first foreign photographer permitted to take pictures of Soviet industry, the first female war correspondent (and the first female permitted to work in combat zones) and the first female photographer for Henry Luces Life magazine, where her photograph appeared on the first cover. She is known equally well in both India and Pakistan for her photographs of Gandhi at his spinning wheel and Pakistans founder, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, upright in a chair. She also was "one of the most effective chroniclers" of the violence that erupted at the independence and partition of India and Pakistan. <Image on next slide>
6. Civil rights activist AG Noorani has cited Prof Cantwell Smith, a critic of Jinnah, in The Middle Eastern Journal, 1950. "The only careful report on what happened in this period was made a few months later by investigators - including a Congress Muslim and a sympathetic and admired Hindu (Professor Sunderlal)- commissioned by the Indian government. The report was submitted but has not been published; presumably it makes unpleasant reading. It is widely held that the figure mentioned therein for the number of deaths is 50,000. Other estimates by responsible observers run as high as 200,000.“ This was the largest single massacre in the history of the Indian Union, dwarfing the killings by the Pathan raiders en route to Srinagar which India has ever since used as the casus belli for its annexation of Kashmir. What incident is being referred to here?
Operation Polo/ Slaughter of Muslims by the Indian Forces during the liberation of Hyderabad
7. X or Y ? Not perhaps as immediately as the fairy who mocked Pinocchio (but still pretty swiftly) the fibs uttered by Italian politicians in the current general election campaign are being identified as such on a new, much-needed website. X inspired by the American site, Y, came on-line last October thanks to a group of young graduates. The site’s attraction is unsurprising since Italian politicians have for years been getting away with the most outrageous claims, largely undisturbed by the media. X fact-checks campaign assertions and then ranks them on a scale from, vero (true) to panzana pazzesca (which roughly translates as ‘insane whopper’). On the basis of its classifications, it produces a percentage assessment for each politician.
8. _________ _____ ___ ______ is an honorific used by the State of Israel to describe non-Jews who risked their lives during the Holocaust to save Jews from extermination by the Nazis. It originates with a term used in rabbinical Judaism to refer to non- Jews, as ger toshav and ger zedek, who abide by the Seven Laws of Noah. A person who is recognized is awarded a medal in his/her name, a certificate of honor, and the privilege of having the name added to those on the Wall of Honor in the Garden of the Righteous atYad Vashem in Jerusalem. Notable individuals who’ve been conferred with this honour include Archbishop Damaskinos, Feng-Shan Ho, Carl Lutz, Irena Sendler,Oskar Schindler, Chiune Sugihara and Raoul Wallenberg among others. <Image on Next Slide>
9. Following is the picture Paul Tibbets Jr. (February 23, 1915 – November 1, 2007) who was a brigadier general in the United States Air Force, best known for playing a certain crucial role in the history of war. While on the mission, how did he immortalize his mother’s name in a particular way ?
He was a pilot of Enola Gay (the plane that dropped Little boy on Hiroshima), which he named after his mother – Enola Gay Tibbets
10. The Flowers of War, previously titled _______ Heroes and 13 Flowers of _______, is a 2011 historical drama war film directed by Zhang Yimou, starring Christian Bale, Ni Ni, Zhang Xinyi, Tong Dawei, Atsuro Watabe, Shigeo Kobayashi and Cao Kefan. It is set in 1937, _______, during the “____ __ _______“. A group of escapees, finding sanctuary in a church compound, try to survive the plight and persecution brought on by the violent invasion of the city. It was selected as the entry for Best Foreign Language Film at the 84th Academy Awards, but did not make the final shortlist. It also received a nomination for the 69th Golden Globe Awards. The 6th Asian Film Awards presented The Flowers of War with several individual nominations, including Best Film. What unfortunate incident is this movie based on ?
Rape of Nanking/Nanking Massacre/Nanjing Massacre.`
11. Give X. “X, the quintessential anti-leader, insists that his black mask is a mirror, so that ‘X is gay in San Francisco, black in South Africa, an Asian in Europe, a Chicano in San Ysidro, an anarchist in Spain, a Palestinian in Israel, a Mayan Indian in the streets of San Cristobal, a Jew in Germany, a Gypsy in Poland, a Mohawk in Quebec, a pacifist in Bosnia, a single woman on the Metro at 10 p.m., a peasant without land, a gang member in the slums, an unemployed worker, an unhappy student and, of course, a __________ in the mountains. In other words, he is simply us: we are the leader weve been looking for.” --Naomi Klein, Socialist Register.
Subcomandante Marcos of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN)
14. X (November 22, 1830 – 1890 ) was an Indian revolutionary who played an important role in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 during the battle of Jhansi. She was a soldier in the womens army of Queen Laxmibai of Jhansi. During the rebellion, at the height of the battle of fort of Jhansi, she disguised herself as the queen and fought on the front to let the queen escape safely out of the fort. In the (relatively) recent past, as she belonged to the Dalit Community, Mayawati installed busta of her throughout UP.
AnswerChapter 3: Kony 2012Chapter 8 : Invisible Children
16. Dr. Dragan "David" Dabic was born some six decades ago in a small Serbian village blacksmith town near Kraljevo. As a young boy he liked to explore nearby forests and mountains, and spent a lot of time on Kopaonik mountain where he was picking medicinal herbs. As a young man he moved for a job in Belgrade, from where he moved to Russia, where he graduated from the Moscow State University of Medicine (specialist in psychiatry). After Russia, Dr. Dabic traveled around India and Japan, after which he settled in China where he specialized in various branches of the so-called. alternative medicine, with a special emphasis on the mind and body, meditation, Yoga, spiritual cleansing, and Chinese herbs. This is what the website of Dr Dragan Dabic says.The world knows him more famously as someone else. <Image on next slide>
Radovan Karadzic known as the butcher of Bosnia.He co-founded the Serbian Democratic Party in Bosnia and Herzegovina and wasthe first President of Republika Srpska from 1992 to 1996. He was a fugitive from1996 until July 2008 after having been indicted for war crimes by theInternational Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and changed his identityto Dr. Dragan Dabic.
17.The pantings (images follow on the next slide) depict the war fought between X onone side and the triple alliance of Brazil,Uruguay and Argentina on the other side. It’sfamously known as The War of the Triple Alliance fought between 1864 and 1870. Itcaused more deaths proportionally to the number of actual combatants than anyother war in modern history, and particularly devastated X, killing almost 90 % of itsmale population.These paintings were made by Y,an argentine soldier who lost his right arm during the battle and so painted with his left.These paintings are the only remaining visual records of the war.X and Y for full points.
18.Identify the album which is a compilation album with 12 songs and contains music by JW Ekman, D Rovics, I Sloan, Jaffrey Rootzway and Sonic Disobedience, to name a few artists. The only song name that doesnt give away the album completely is "Shout it out and be heard" by Sharon Z.
19.X was a French police officer and biometrics researcher who created anthropometry, an identification system based on physical measurements. Anthropometry was the first scientific system used by police to identify criminals. Before that time, criminals could only be identified based on unreliable eyewitness accounts. The method was eventually supplanted by fingerprinting.X is also credited with contributions like the mug shot and the systematisation of crime-scene photography which remain in place to this day.X is referenced in the Sherlock Holmes story The Hound of the Baskervilles, in which one of Holmess clients refers to Holmes as the "second highest expert in Europe" after X.
20. Legend has it that soldiers of the Polish-Habsburg army, while liberating Vienna from the second Turkish siege in 1683, found a number of sacks with _______ that they initially thought were camel feed and wanted to burn. The Polish king Jan III Sobieski granted the sacks to one of his officers named X, who started the first _________ in Vienna at Schlossergassl named the Hof zur Blauen Flasche. This achievement has been recognized in many modern Viennese __________ by hanging a picture of X in the window.Who and what popular tradition did he start?
A - Jerzy Franciszek Kulczycki Viennese Coffee House
21. The Execution of X is series of paintings by Édouard Manet from 1867 to 1869, depicting the execution by firing squad of X of the short-lived Second Mexican Empire. Manet produced three large oil paintings, a smaller oil sketch and a lithograph of the same subject. All five works were brought together for an exhibition in London and Mannheim in 1992-3, and at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 2006. X was born in 1832, the son of Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and Princess Sophie of Bavaria. After a career in the Austrian Navy, he was encouraged by Napoleon III to become Emperor of Mexico following the French intervention in Mexico. X arrived in Mexico in May 1864 and the Empire collapsed after Napoleon withdrew French troops in 1866. X was captured in May 1867, sentenced to death at a court martial, and executed with Generals Miguel Miramón and Tomás Mejía on 19 June 1867.
Ans: The Execution of Emperor Maximiliano by Edouard Manet
22.Given below are the excerpts from Xs autobiography.“ I had received a notice from the commissioner saying that the collector of Panchmahals had asked for an inquiry into my part in the riots. The burden of the issue framed by the commissioner was that I was a communalist and that I supported the Hindus against the Muslims.”In spite of a detailed reply and personal hearing by commissioner,“ I received government’s decision in April 1930. I was held guilty of acting in a partisan way on account of communal bias. No reasons were given for this conclusion, But government also said that it did not think it necessary to take any action against me in view of my good record of 12-year service. I was degraded by four places in the list of seniority.”This led X to resign as the Deputy Collector of Y in May 1930 and join Mahatma Gandhi in the freedom struggle.
23.Little is known of X early life, apart from a story that he showed his dislike of despots while still at school, by quarreling with the son of the dictator Sulla. He studied philosophy at Rhodes under Archelaus and became fluent in Greek. He was married to Junia Tertia (Tertulla), who was the daughter of Servilia Caepionis. They had one son, who was born in about 60 BC. In 53 BC he took part in the Battle of Carrhae lost by Marcus Licinius Crassus against the Parthians.In Dante’s Inferno, X, along with Y and Judas Iscariot are one of the only three people who are deemed sinful enough to be chewed in one of the three mouths of Satan, in the very center of Hell, for all eternity, as a punishment for their betrayal.
24.X is a religious group with 7.7 million members who believe that secularsociety to be morally corrupt and under the influence of the devil and limittheir interactions with non-members of the group. Their refusal to serve inthe military, to salute national flags or sing national or patriotic songs hasbrought it in conflict with some governments.During Nazi Germany, about 10,000 members of the group X wereimprisoned , 2000 sent to concentration camps and 250 were executed.They were identified by a purple triangle on their arm bands (picture in thenext slide). They have been persecuted in other countries like Canada andthe Soviet Union with the group banned outright in China, Vietnam andsome Islamic States.Give X.