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Lukisan Dan Grafik

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  • DOWNLOAD THE BOOK INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (New Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THE can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THE is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBOOK .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, CookBOOK, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, EBOOK, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THE Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THE the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THE Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THE BOOK INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (New Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THE can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THE is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBOOK .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, CookBOOK, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, EBOOK, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THE Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THE the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THE Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THE BOOK INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (New Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://urlzs.com/UABbn } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THE can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THE is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBOOK .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, CookBOOK, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, EBOOK, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THE Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THE the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THE Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Lukisan Dan Grafik

  1. 1. LUKISAN DAN GRAFIK
  2. 2. BAB 1 PENGENALAN ASAS PERALATAN GRAFIK
  3. 3. PERALATAN-PERALATAN ASAS UNTUK MELUKIS PELAN LANDSKAP
  4. 4. PERALATAN-PERALATAN ASAS UNTUK MELUKIS PELAN LANDSKAP
  5. 5. BAB 2 PENGHURUFAN <ul><li>PENGHURUFAN PADA PELAN LANDSKAP ADALAH PENTING KERANA INFORMASI TIDAK BOLEH DITERANGKAN DALAM BENTUK GRAFIK TETAPI MESTI DINYATAKAN DALAM BENTUK NOTA, TAJUK, LABEL, DIMENSI DAN IDENTIFIKASI. </li></ul><ul><li>PENGHURUFAN JUGA BOLEH MENJADIKAN PELAN LANDSKAP BEGITU KEMAS DAN MENARIK, TETAPI JIKA PENGHURUFAN INI TIDAK KEMAS, SUKAR DIBACA ATAU COMOT, IA AKAN MENJADIKAN PELAN ITU TIDAK BERMAKNA. </li></ul>
  6. 6. LATIHAN LATIHAN
  7. 7. BAB 3 PENGENALAN KEPADA SIMBOL LANDSKAP <ul><li>SIMBOL ADALAH ELEMEN YANG PALING PENTING DALAM MENGHASILKAN PELAN LANDSKAP. </li></ul><ul><li>SIMBOL LANDSKAP ADALAH BERBEZA DARIPADA SIMBOL-SIMBOL PROFESION YANG LAIN. </li></ul><ul><li>SIMBOL BOLEH MENGINTERPRITASIKAN IDEA-IDEA KE DALAM BENTUK PELAN DAN SETERUSNYA DI TAPAK PEMBINAAN. </li></ul><ul><li>SIMBOL LANDSKAP TERBAHAGI KEPADA DUA IAITU </li></ul><ul><li>1. SIMBOL LANDSKAP LEMBUT </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SIMBOL POKOK </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SIMBOL PALMA </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SIMBOL RENEK </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SIMBOL PENUTUP BUMU / RUMPUT </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>2. SIMBOL LANDSKAP KEJUR </li></ul>
  8. 8. SIMBOL POKOK
  9. 9. SIMBOL PALMA
  10. 10. SIMBOL RENEK
  11. 11. SIMBOL PENUTUP BUMI / RUMPUT
  12. 12. SIMBOL LANDSKAP KEJUR
  13. 13. SIMBOL LANDSKAP KEJUR ( ROCK ) ANGULAR ROCK. VARY THE SIZES USE THICK AND THIN LINES ROUNDED BOULDERS, DRAW WITH SMOOTH THICK AND THIN LINES. OFFSET THE LOOPS. FLAT, LAYERED ROCKS. SHOW OVERLAPPING. PILE UP LINE ALONG THE EDGES. KEEP LINE DIRECTIONAL TO SHOW STRATIFICATION
  14. 14. SIMBOL LANDSKAP KEJUR ( WATER ) NATURAL WATERWAYS, SUCH AS PONDS, LAKES AND STREAMS CAN BE LEFT WHITE. THE ADDITION OF SMOOTH, FLOWING LINES NEAR THE EDGES GIVE A HINT MOTION. WATERFALLS AND RAPIDS SHOULD LEFT WHITE OR BE INDICATED WITH A FEW DOTS IF A TONED SURFACE IS DESIRED FOR CONTRAST, USE CLOSEDLY SPACED, THIN PARALLEL LINES. LEAVE SOME BREAKS.
  15. 15. SIMBOL LANDSKAP KEJUR ( PAVING ) AGGREGATE. SMALL CIRCLES OF VARYING SIZE RECTANGULAR STONE WITH ROUND OR SQURE CORNERS. KEEP SPACING BETWEEN THE UNITS EVEN. AGGREGATE. SMALL CIRCLES OF VARYING SIZE COBBLES CONCRETE WITH DIVIDER
  16. 16. SIMBOL BANGUNAN
  17. 17. BAB 4 BAYANG <ul><li>BAYANG MEMBERIKAN ISI KEPADA PELAN LANDSKAP DENGAN MENENTUKAN KETINGGIAN SESUATU OBJEK. </li></ul><ul><li>KALAU PENUNJUK ARAH, MENGADAP KE ATAS PELAN, ARAH YANG PALING REALISTIK UNTUK MEMBUAT BAYANG ADALAH DARI UTARA HEMISFERA DI ATAS SIMBOL. </li></ul>
  18. 19. BAYANG BAGI LANDSKAP LEMBUT DAN KEJUR
  19. 20. CONTOH
  20. 21. LATIHAN
  21. 22. LATIHAN
  22. 23. BAB 5 GRAFIK UNTUK PELAN KONSEP <ul><li>SIMBOL MEMAINKAN PERANAN YANG PENTING DALAM MENGHASILKAN PELAN KONSEP </li></ul><ul><li>TERDAPAT BERBAGAI-BAGAI SIMBOL GRAFIK YANG DIGUNAKAN DI DALAM PELAN KONSEP. </li></ul>Sitescape sdn.bhd.
  23. 24. PATH ( LALUAN ) SIMBOL YANG PALING PENTING DALAM ASPEK PERGERAKAN SECARA FIZIKAL ATAU ABSTRAK. SELALUNYA SIMBOL “ ARROW ” MEWAKILI PERGERAKAN ATAU HUDUNGAN ANTARA SATU KAWASAN DENGAN KAWASAN YANG LAIN.
  24. 25. CIRCULATION ( SIRKULASI ) SIMBOL INI MEWAKILI SIRKULASI PERGERAKAN KENDERAAN DAN PEJALAN KAKI. SIMBOL INI TIDAK MEWAKILI PERGERAKAN BAGI UDARA, AIR SERTA MINERAL.
  25. 26. RELATIONSHIP ( HUBUNGAN ) SIMBOL “ PATH “ JUGA BOLEH MEWAKILI HUBUNGAN ANTARA SATU KAWASAN DENGAN KAWASAN YANG LAIN. IA BOLEH JUGA DIGUNAKAN SEBAGAI TURUTAN IDEA SEPERTI KETERANGAN METHODOLOGY ATAU PROCEDURE
  26. 27. NODES ( TITIK TUMPU ) NODES ADALAH ELEMEN YANG PENTING SERTA ISTIMEWA BAGI SATU KAWASAN YANG MEMERLUKAN PERHATIAN YANG KHUSUS. IA BOLEH DIGUNAKAN UNTUK MENERANGKAN POSITIF DAN NEGATIF SESUATU KAWASAN, ABSTRAK DAN KUKUHNYA KUALITI BERGANTUNG KEPADA APLIKASI. SPECIAL INTEREST NODES ( LANDMARK ) SESETENGAH NODES MUNGKIN MENUNJUKKAN KAREKTOR BAGI LANDMARK ATAU KAWASAN YANG PERLU DIBERIKAN PENEKANAN YANG LEBIH. KADANG-KADANG NODES JUGA BOLEH MENUNJUKKAN KAWASAN YANG MENARIK.
  27. 28. DISTRICTS ( DAERAH ) INI ADALAH KAWASAN YANG MEMPUNYAI GABUNGAN SESUATU KAREKTOR ATAU HUBUNGAN. INI DIKENALI SEBAGAI “ AREA “ ATAU “ DAERAH “. DISTRICTS BOLEH MENJADI KAWASAN YANG BESAR ATAU KECIL TERPULANG KEPADA APLIKASI. RELATIONSHIP ( HUBUNGAN ANTARA KAWASAN ) KAWASAN YANG MEMPUNYAI SESUATU KAREKTOR DAN FUNGSI YANG SPESIFIK. KAWASAN INI MEMPUNYAI KAITAN DENGAN KAWASAN YANG BERHAMPIRAN DENGANNYA.
  28. 29. EDGES ELEMEN YANG MENUNJUKKAN KAREKTOR YANG MEMBAHAGIKAN KAWASAN. “ EDGES “ BOLEH MENJADI SESUATU YANG FIZIKAL ATAU ABSTRAK DAN BOLEH JUGA KAREKTOR YANG BERGABUNG. INI MENDEFINISIKAN LIMIT DAN PARAMETER SESUATU ELEMENT. BOUNDARIES ( SEMPADAN ) SEMPADAN YANG MEMBEZAKAN KAWASAN YANG DI DALAM HARTANAH KITA.
  29. 30. PELAN KONSEP
  30. 31. BAB 6 PELAN KONSEP DAN AKTIVITI SEBELUM MENGHASILKAN PELAN INDUK, PEREKABENTUK HARUS MENYEDIAKAN PELAN KONSEP TERLEBIH DAHULU SECARA GRAFIK BERPANDUKAN INVENTORI DAN ANALISIS. PERHUBUNGAN ANTARA SATAU KAWASAN DENGAN KAWASAN YANG LAIN DI DALAM PELAN KONSEP INI ADALAH BERGANTUNG KEPADA INVENTORI DAN ANALISI YANG TELAH DILAKUKAN SEBELUM INI. PELAN KONSEP INI ADALAH PENYELESAIAN KEPADA DIAGNOSIS UNTUK DIFORMULASIKAN SECARA OPTIMUM. INI KEMUDIANNYA DIILUSTRASIKAN DI DALAM BENTUK KONSEP.
  31. 32. CONTOH 1
  32. 33. CONTOH 2
  33. 34. CONTOH 3 CONTOH 4 CONTOH 5 CONTOH 6
  34. 35. LATIHAN Sitescape sdn.bhd.
  35. 36. LATIHAN Sitescape sdn.bhd.
  36. 37. LATIHAN Sitescape sdn.bhd.
  37. 38. LATIHAN Sitescape sdn.bhd.

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