Teaching Innovation

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Innovation

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Teaching Innovation

  1. 1. Teaching Innovation Alan Dix Lancaster University www.hcibook.com/alan
  2. 2. Ministry of Education mission <ul><li>“ creative thinking skills and learning skills are essential for the future” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www1.moe.edu.sg/educatio.htm </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ministry of Education desired outcomes of education <ul><li>“ be innovative” </li></ul><ul><li>“ be creative and imaginative” </li></ul><ul><li>“ be able to think independently and creatively” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www1.moe.edu.sg/desired.htm </li></ul>
  4. 4. why me? <ul><li>human–computer interaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>complex (computers and people!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rapidly changing => innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>professionals do it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>academics know about it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… an academic about academia </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. culture
  6. 6. culture occidental oriental academic objective reasoning individual community opinion authority
  7. 7. different disciplines <ul><li>technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>science: objective, reasoning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>invention: esoteric, imagination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>fine art </li></ul><ul><ul><li>west: inspiration, the muse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>east: discipline, study </li></ul></ul><ul><li>music </li></ul><ul><ul><li>skill, discipline, interpretation </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. creative steps – the ant <ul><li>lots of small steps </li></ul><ul><li>incremental </li></ul><ul><li>evolutionary </li></ul><ul><li>convergent </li></ul>
  9. 9. creative steps – the flea <ul><li>great leaps </li></ul><ul><li>unguided </li></ul><ul><li>revolutionary </li></ul><ul><li>divergent </li></ul>
  10. 10. creativity is hard <ul><li>avoiding crocophants </li></ul>
  11. 11. Professor Alan’s formula for creativity! <ul><li>structure + diversity </li></ul><ul><li> innovation </li></ul>
  12. 12. structure
  13. 13. everything in its place <ul><li>names </li></ul><ul><li>taxonomies </li></ul><ul><li>dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>multiple classifications </li></ul>
  14. 14. using multi-classifications <ul><li>to spread literature search </li></ul>X
  15. 15. using multi-classifications <ul><li>to spread literature search </li></ul><ul><li>to identify gaps </li></ul>somat or other thing- amibob somat else ?
  16. 16. using multi-classifications <ul><li>to spread literature search </li></ul><ul><li>to identify gaps </li></ul><ul><li>to discover trends </li></ul>thing- amibob somat else ? ?
  17. 17. using multi-classifications <ul><li>to spread literature search </li></ul><ul><li>to identify gaps </li></ul><ul><li>to discover trends </li></ul><ul><li>to uncover abstractions </li></ul>somat or other thing- amibob somat else different again ? ?
  18. 18. using multi-classifications <ul><li>to spread literature search </li></ul><ul><li>to identify gaps </li></ul><ul><li>to discover trends </li></ul><ul><li>to uncover abstractions </li></ul><ul><li>to synthesise solutions </li></ul>somat or other thing- amibob somat else ?
  19. 19. what and why <ul><li>what’s good about something </li></ul><ul><li>what’s bad about it </li></ul><ul><li>why? </li></ul>… avoids crocophants …
  20. 20. diversity
  21. 21. imagination and play <ul><li>what if thinking </li></ul><ul><li>imagination = looking ahead </li></ul>the foundation of science and technology
  22. 22. random metaphors <ul><li>using PowerPoint </li></ul><ul><li>is like </li></ul><ul><li>playing a violin </li></ul>random
  23. 23. bad ideas <ul><li>deliberately silly/bad ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. glass hammer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>analyse it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>what’s good, what’s bad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>assume it is a good idea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>car salesman, pretend it is optimal </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. why bad ideas <ul><li>reduce personal commitment </li></ul><ul><li>fun group exercise </li></ul><ul><li>to train critical thought </li></ul><ul><li>to inspire good ideas! </li></ul>
  25. 25. plus more opposites …
  26. 26. creative tension <ul><li>justification & evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>qualitative & quantitative </li></ul><ul><li>broad & deep </li></ul><ul><li>abstract & concrete </li></ul><ul><li>deconstruction & reconstruction </li></ul>

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