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Navarra's routine activity theory presentation


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Criminological theory Presentation

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Navarra's routine activity theory presentation

  1. 1. Opportunity and Proximate situation is necessary in order for a criminal act to occur Created by Navarra Scott
  2. 2. In 1979 Marcus Felson and Lawrence Cohen developed the routine activity theory, “chemistry of crime”, and they proposed that daily lifestyles contribute to the amount and the type of crime that occur in society not just only the pathological features of society.  Three elements that explain why crime occur  There must be a motivation to commit the offense  a vulnerable victim or suitable target must be available  absence or unsupervised guardian unavailable to help prevent crime 
  3. 3.  Chemistry of crime is all the ingredients, offender, target, and guardian, needed for crime to occur.  The offender has to has to be willing and opportunity must be available  The target, person or object, must be present  The target must not be supervised  Ordinary crimes occur on a regular basis like corporate, employee theft, federal and state crimes dealing with money are crimes but not considered routine activity crimes.
  4. 4.     Everyday working people are becoming victims due to their normal daily everyday lives they led being observed by offenders Objects and obstacles are accessible on a daily basis for a person to successful commit a crime toward another person. Opportunity theories assert that the criminal makes decisions and choices depending on the opportunity and proximate situation that is available for them to commit the act. They believed that normal everyday behaviors (positive) contribute to or bring about crime and criminal acts, not just negative behaviors contribute to crime. They researched other areas to try to explain why crime occurs not just criminology.
  5. 5. The constant convergence of the suitable target and the absence guardian causes crime to increase.  Poverty can contribute to criminal behavior, but Felson’s and Cohen’s three elements must exist in order for crime to occur, and if one is absent the crime will not occur.  Crime is therefore considered normal, and is dependent on available opportunities to offend.  victims are often blamed for the crimes that occur against them, and they become targets because of their daily routine activities. 
  6. 6.        Since crime can be committed by anyone that is given the opportunity, and the victims have a choice to protect them self from being a victim Felson believed the key to solving crime is to reverse the three elements that initiated it. Three strategies to situational crime prevention Natural strategies: people go where crime is not suspected to occur Organized strategies: Supervision is present to deter or prevent crime Mechanical strategies: advanced technology, cameras and alarms, are present to prevent crime Felson believed that displacement illusion, making crime difficult in one area so it has no choice but to move in another area, would prevent crime. Simply put, crime will disappear in one area as if it stop and it will increase in another area, this area than is targeted for criminal acts.
  7. 7.  Ball, R. A., Cullen, F. T., & Lilly, J. R. (2011). Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publication, Inc.