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Brooms Against Bullets - Presentation Slides

  1. 1. BROOMS AGAINST BULLETS A Saga of the Madheshi Movement in Nepal South Asia Seminar Harvard University CK Raut, PhD (Cambridge) 2010 November 15
  2. 2. Where | Who | Why
  3. 3. Nepal mountains and myths NEPAL
  4. 4. Madhesh the southern plain region of Nepal
  5. 5. Madheshis native and indigenous communities of Madhesh
  6. 6. Madhesh - History the birthplace of Buddha and Sita
  7. 7. …Several Dynasties, Islamic Rulers, The East India Company … 18th century
  8. 8. Source: The Himalayan Beacon
  9. 9. Madhesh Under British and Gurkha Empires
  10. 10. Nepal: Pahad and Madhesh
  11. 11. Kamaiyas the bonded labours
  12. 12. Kamlari sold daughters Source: NYOF
  13. 13. Literacy Rate Literacy Rate (15-49 years) Source: NDHS, 2006 Pahadi, 63.4 Pahadi, 86.9 Madheshi, 35.9 Madheshi, 69.9 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Female Male
  14. 14. Muslims
  15. 15. Child Marriage Girls Age at Marriage in Maithili Community Source: CEDA 23.00% 4.10% 56.70% 16.20% 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% 1-9 yrs 10-13 yrs 14-16 yrs >16yrs Source: WWW
  16. 16. Childhood Mortality Childhood Mortality Rate Source: NDHS, 2006 28 18 47 16 62 42 23 65 21 85 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Neonatal Postneonatal Infant C hild Under-5 Hill Madhesh
  17. 17. Perinatal Mortality Perinatal Mortality Source: NDHS, 2006 52 35 38 62 77 48 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Stillbirths Early neonatal deaths Perinatal mortality Hill Madhesh
  18. 18. Untouchables or Dalits
  19. 19. Dalit Literacy Rate (%) Source: NNDSWO, 2006 54.9 74.2 53.1 14.6 20.2 33.2 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Total Male Female Pahad Madhesh Landless Dalits Source: NPC (Plan 2008/09 to 2010/11) Pahad, 15% Madhesh, 44% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% Landless Dalits
  20. 20. Madheshis in Media Government Media Unknow n, 2Madheshi, 2 Pahadi, 29 Non-Government Media Pahadi, 128 Madheshi, 3 Source: Madheshvani, 2006
  21. 21. International Agencies International/Multilateral Agencies in Nepal, Source: UNDP (2001) Foreigner 14% Madheshi 5% Pahadi 81%
  22. 22. Human Development Index Source: UNDP, HDR 2009 Room to Read Work Area (Current and Extension) Source: Room to Read
  23. 23. …a long walk to nowhere
  24. 24. Brooms | Bullets Madhesh Movement Photo Courtesy: Santosh K. Bhagat and Bhuvan K. Jha
  25. 25. The movement continued to the next year. The Nepalese government’s use of excessive forces killed more than four dozens Madheshis and injured thousands. The continued curfews and storms of bullets finally brought the movement to an end. Thanks.

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