The Art of Synergy-Building Effective Teacher/Paraeducator Teams


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Presentation from the 2006 National Resource Center for Paraprofessionals Conference

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  • The Art of Synergy-Building Effective Teacher/Paraeducator Teams

    1. 1. Building Effective Teacher/ Paraeducator Teams Deanna Avis [email_address]
    2. 2. STUDENTS REMEMBER: <ul><li>10% of what they READ </li></ul><ul><li>20% of what they HEAR </li></ul><ul><li>30% of what they SEE </li></ul><ul><li>50% of what they SEE and HEAR </li></ul><ul><li>70% of what they DISCUSS </li></ul><ul><li>80% of what they EXPERIENCE by DOING </li></ul><ul><li>95% of what they TEACH to OTHERS </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>William Glasser </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. SYNERGY “ When two or more people work together to understand something, they create a phenomenon called synergy. Synergy lets us discover jointly what we are much less likely to discover by ourselves.” Covey, 1986
    5. 5. BUILDING TEAMS <ul><li>What makes up a team ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting team members </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Teams <ul><li>An Effective Team </li></ul><ul><li>A unified group of people who join together in a cooperative problem-solving process to reach a shared goal. </li></ul><ul><li>Their mission is clear. </li></ul><ul><li>An Ineffective Team </li></ul><ul><li>Goals are unclear </li></ul><ul><li>Members are unprepared </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership is ineffective </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment to task is lacking </li></ul><ul><li>One-way communication about ideas; feelings are ignored. </li></ul>
    7. 7. What is your role? <ul><li>A VALUED team member: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plans for the meeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contributes ideas to discussion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listens to the ideas of others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considers the problem(s) objectively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contributes to the orderly conduct of the meeting. </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. 10 Characteristics of a Well-Functioning Team <ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Roles </li></ul><ul><li>Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Success </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Traits </li></ul>
    9. 9. Team Leadership Skills <ul><li>Problem Solving Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Stress Management Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation and Feedback Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Delegating Skills </li></ul>
    10. 10. Problems a Team Leader May Have to Address: <ul><li>Persons late to team meetings. </li></ul><ul><li>One person always having trouble with students. </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor expectations are not realistic. </li></ul><ul><li>Person is not a “team player”. </li></ul><ul><li>Person doesn’t pull equal weight. </li></ul><ul><li>Person corrects papers at team meeting. </li></ul><ul><li>Person has negative attitude. </li></ul><ul><li>Parent complains about one person. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Problems (cont.) <ul><li>Lack of team activities & commitment. </li></ul><ul><li>Complains of length & number of meetings. </li></ul><ul><li>Kids complain about one person. </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffective supervision of teacher and/or paraeducator. </li></ul><ul><li>SOLUTION: As a team discuss the above prior to any problems. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source Unknown </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Valued Traits & Abilities <ul><li>Be honest & dependable. </li></ul><ul><li>Be reliable & punctual. </li></ul><ul><li>Get along well with people. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperate with supervisors. </li></ul><ul><li>Accept & handle responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Read with understanding. </li></ul><ul><li>Possess entry level job skills & knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Be willing to undergo further job skill training. </li></ul><ul><li>Think of self as a worthy person. </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate orally and listen effectively. </li></ul><ul><li>Work with minimum supervision. </li></ul><ul><li>Solve personal and professional problems. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Team Qualities <ul><li>Agree to work on a solution until ALL members are satisfied </li></ul><ul><li>Listen respectfully, empathetically, and actively to other’s opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Generate possible solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the pros and cons of each </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t fall into the trap of planning a rebuttal while another member is talking. Focus on their perspective and ideas . </li></ul>
    14. 14. Communication Styles <ul><li>Passive/non assertive </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressive </li></ul><ul><li>Assertive/Positive </li></ul>
    15. 15. Strategies for Effective Communication <ul><li>Be receptive to the ideas & concerns of others. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage others to ask for clarification and instructions, and to ask for assistance when needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a shared vocabulary & system of non-verbal cues </li></ul><ul><li>Work together to create a climate of cooperation, trust , and loyalty. </li></ul><ul><li>Respect individuality & differences in backgrounds, values, & experiences. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Listening Skills <ul><li>Do </li></ul><ul><li>Be Receptive </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrate </li></ul><ul><li>Become Involved </li></ul><ul><li>Ask Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t </li></ul><ul><li>Be a Mind Reader </li></ul><ul><li>Be a D erailer </li></ul><ul><li>Immediately Belittle or Discount </li></ul><ul><li>Be a Placater </li></ul>
    17. 17. Five things a winning team member needs to know: <ul><li>Tell me what you want from me. </li></ul><ul><li>Give me the opportunity to perform. </li></ul><ul><li>Let me know how I am getting along. </li></ul><ul><li>Give me guidance when I need it. </li></ul><ul><li>Reward me according to my contribution . </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paul Bear Bryant </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>University of Alabama </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Maintaining Ethical Standards <ul><li>Accepting Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize that the supervisor has the ultimate responsibility… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engage only in activities for which you are qualified or trained. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate progress to parents as directed to do so by your supervisor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer concerns to the supervising teacher </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Maintaining Ethical Standards <ul><li>Relationships with Students & Parents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss child’s progress with the supervising teacher in the appropriate setting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Represent yourself, the school, and your district in a positive and professional manner. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect the dignity, individuality, and privacy of all students, parents, and staff. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treat each student fairly to ensure that all students have maximum opportunities to learn. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be a positive role model. </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Maintaining Ethical Standards <ul><li>Relationship with your Supervisor. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize the teacher as your supervisor and team leader. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish and maintain a positive relationship with your supervisor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When problems cannot be resolved, contact the principal for assistance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss concerns about the teacher or teaching methods with the teacher first. </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Collaborative Problem Solving <ul><li>Define the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the needs/desired outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorm solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Select solution that best meets needs </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a plan of action </li></ul><ul><li>Implement the plan </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the solution and the process </li></ul>
    23. 23. Define the Problem <ul><li>What is not working? </li></ul><ul><li>What factors are contributing to the problem? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is involved? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is affected and how? </li></ul>
    24. 24. Determine the needs & desired outcomes <ul><li>What do we want to have happen? </li></ul><ul><li>What do students need that they are currently not getting? </li></ul><ul><li>What is needed to improve our communication? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the overall desired outcome? </li></ul>
    25. 25. Brainstorm Solutions <ul><li>Establish a time frame. </li></ul><ul><li>Assign a note taker. </li></ul><ul><li>Generate and accept all ideas—do not evaluate! </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure everyone participates. </li></ul><ul><li>Take more time if creativity is high or more ideas are needed. </li></ul>
    26. 26. Select the Solution <ul><li>Which solution is the: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easiest to implement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Within the team’s control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Least disruptive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meets the needs and achieves desired outcomes </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Develop an Action Plan <ul><li>Who </li></ul><ul><li>What </li></ul><ul><li>When </li></ul><ul><li>Where </li></ul>
    28. 28. Implement the Plan <ul><li>What resources are needed? </li></ul><ul><li>Who should know about the plan? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the daily schedule need to change? </li></ul><ul><li>When will the team review the plan and results? </li></ul>
    29. 29. Evaluate how well the plan worked…. <ul><li>What has been accomplished? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there any unexpected outcomes? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the plan need to be revised? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the original problem solved? </li></ul><ul><li>Have any new problems developed? </li></ul>
    31. 31. Other helpful ideas……. <ul><li>Daily schedule (shared) </li></ul><ul><li>Basic classroom information </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring </li></ul>
    32. 32. Ongoing Assessment and Evaluation
    33. 33. Some Things to Consider <ul><li>Who benefits? </li></ul><ul><li>What does it look like? </li></ul><ul><li>How often does it happen? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it based on standards? </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes? </li></ul><ul><li>Are changes made based on results? </li></ul>
    34. 34. IMPORTANT WEBSITES <ul><li>WWW.NRCPARA.ORG </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.UTAHPARAS.ORG </li></ul>