Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 1                                                                         __...
Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 4                                                                           ...
Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 7                                                                           ...
Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 10                                                                          ...
Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 13                            Elements of Effective                         ...
Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 16                       What Paraprofessionals Need to                     ...
Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 19                           Working Effectively with                       ...
Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 22                             Working Effectively with                     ...
Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 25                           Ensuring Effective Oral                        ...
Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 28                          Types of Listener and                          _...
Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 31                                                                       ___...
Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 34                          Communication with                              ...
Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 37                         Teamwork:                                        ...
Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 40                                                                          ...
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Building a Teacher-Professional Team

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Presentation at the 2011 NRCP Conference by Adrian L. Sorrell.

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Building a Teacher-Professional Team

  1. 1. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 1 ___________________________________ Building a Teacher - Paraprofessional Team ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Adrian L. Sorrell, PhD 29th National Conference for Paraprofessionals ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 2 ___________________________________ Ground Norms  Value your knowledge and experience ___________________________________  Respect each other  Be punctual  Silence electronic devices ___________________________________  Take care of yourself  Enjoy yourself ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 2 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 3 ___________________________________ Description Explore practical strategies for improving ___________________________________ communication, problem solving, and team performance. Topics to be addressed include, team personalities, the team building process, and effective ___________________________________ communication. ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 3 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 1May 11
  2. 2. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 4 ___________________________________ Disclaimer Your local district or charter’s policies regarding ___________________________________ paraprofessional job descriptions, duties, and responsibilities provide the final word! ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 4 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 5 ___________________________________ Team Development-Stages  Forming ___________________________________  Norming  Storming ___________________________________  Performing ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 5 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 6 ___________________________________ TEAM AdMinstrator General Education Teacher ___________________________________ FaMily DisaBled Individual ThErapist ___________________________________ ParapRofessional Special Education Teacher ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 6 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 2May 11
  3. 3. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 7 ___________________________________ The Team Building Process What is the purpose of the team? ___________________________________  Develop a plan that best meets the needs of individuals with disabilities with whom the team is working ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 7 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 8 ___________________________________ Teamwork ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided by TAMUSA 8 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 9 ___________________________________ Team Functions 1. Task Functions ___________________________________ 2. Maintenance Functions 3. Anti-group Functions ___________________________________ Ness, J., & Krawetz, N. (1999). The paraprofessional: An introduction. Minnesota University ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 9 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 3May 11
  4. 4. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 10 ___________________________________ Task Functions  Initiating  Regulating ___________________________________  Information seeking  Information giving  Opinion giving ___________________________________  Elaborating  Coordinating  Orienting  Evaluating ___________________________________ Ness, J., & Krawetz, N. (1999). The paraprofessional: An introduction. Minnesota University 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 10 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 11 ___________________________________ Maintenance Functions  Supporting ___________________________________  Harmonizing  Gatekeeping  Encouraging ___________________________________  Compromising Ness, J., & Krawetz, N. (1999). The paraprofessional: An introduction. Minnesota University ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 11 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 12 ___________________________________ Anti-Group Functions  Blocking  Self-Confessing ___________________________________  Recognition-Seeking  Dominating  Being Cynical ___________________________________  Special Interest Pleading  Aggressing Ness, J., & Krawetz, N. (1999). The paraprofessional: An introduction. Minnesota University ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 12 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 4May 11
  5. 5. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 13 Elements of Effective ___________________________________ Teams  Positive Interdependence ___________________________________  Individual Accountability  Face-to-Face Interaction  Collaborative Skills ___________________________________  Group Processing Ness, J., & Krawetz, N. (1999). The paraprofessional: An introduction. Minnesota University ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 13 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 14 Characteristics of Effective ___________________________________ Teams  An understanding of purpose  An understanding of roles ___________________________________  An ability to discuss effectively  A willingness to support team members An understanding of how the team works   An ability to work through problems ___________________________________  An ability to use conflicts positively  An ability to work with other groups  A sense of interdependence ___________________________________ Ness, J., & Krawetz, N. (1999). The paraprofessional: An introduction. Minnesota University 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 14 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 15 What Paraprofessionals Need to ___________________________________ Know to be Effective Team Members  Job Role ___________________________________  Responsibilities  Goals  Time ___________________________________  Communication ___________________________________ Ness, J., & Krawetz, N. (1999). The paraprofessional: An introduction. Minnesota University 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 15 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 5May 11
  6. 6. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 16 What Paraprofessionals Need to ___________________________________ Know to be Effective Team Members Teacher Role Paraprofessional Areas of Role Communication ___________________________________ Instruction Curriculum and Lesson Plan Development Classroom ___________________________________ Management Accommodations and Modifications Assessment ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 16 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 17 ___________________________________ Effective Communication ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 17 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 18 Working Effectively with ___________________________________ Others Communication Skills ___________________________________  Are social skills that allow us to get along with others  Can be learned, but some are more difficult than others ___________________________________  Involve being aware of the other person’s perspective ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 18 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 6May 11
  7. 7. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 19 Working Effectively with ___________________________________ Others Communication Skills (continued) Communicating in a Professional Manner ___________________________________ We must be professional and follow legal and ethical guidelines as we communicate with others in the educational setting. We can show this by: ___________________________________  Maintaining confidentiality  Respecting diversity and individual rights  Being positive and open-minded ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 19 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 20 ___________________________________ Working Effectively with Others Factors Influencing Communication ___________________________________  Perceptions  Values  Assumptions ___________________________________  Stereotypes  Suspicions  Communication Style ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 20 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 21 Working Effectively with ___________________________________ Others Factors Influencing Communication (continued) ___________________________________ In sending and receiving messages, there are four possibilities:  Speaker: says what he means A student says, “This assignment looks really hard and I don’t think I can do it.” ___________________________________  Speaker: says something other than what he means A students says, “This is a dumb assignment and I’m not going to do it.” ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 21 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 7May 11
  8. 8. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 22 Working Effectively with ___________________________________ Others Factors Influencing Communication (continued) ___________________________________  Listener: may not accurately hear what is said The teacher may feel that this student is lazy and just does not want to make the effort to complete the assignment. ___________________________________  Listener: hears accurately what is said The teacher understands that that the student needs extra help with the assignment. ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 22 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 23 ___________________________________ Nonverbal Communication  Manner of Dress Hand and Body  Physique  Movements ___________________________________  Posture  Tone of Voice  Body Tension  Continuities in  Facial Expressions Speech ___________________________________  Degree of Eye  Spatial Distance Contact  Touch ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 23 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 24 Sources of Oral ___________________________________ Communication Failure  Preoccupation  Personal Agenda/Interests ___________________________________  Second-Guessing the Speaker  Evaluating and Judging  Situational Factors ___________________________________  Distrust  Language Barriers  Connotation ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 24 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 8May 11
  9. 9. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 25 Ensuring Effective Oral ___________________________________ Communication  Organize ___________________________________  Listen  Use Feedback  Avoid Evaluating ___________________________________  Pay Attention to “Noise”  Be Flexible  Avoid Jargon ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 25 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 26 Ensuring Effective Written ___________________________________ Communication  Organize  Be Brief ___________________________________  Avoid Jargon, Abbreviations  Choose Words Carefully  Write Clearly ___________________________________  Sign Your Name  Ask for Response  Indicate Flexibility ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 26 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 27 Teamwork: ___________________________________ Communication Skills Basic categories of communication skills: ___________________________________  Passive/Non-assertive  Aggressive  Positive/Assertive ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 27 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 9May 11
  10. 10. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 28 Types of Listener and ___________________________________ Nonlisteners  Passive Listener ___________________________________  Active Listener  Passive Nonlistener  Active Nonlistener ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 28 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 29 ___________________________________ Assertive Communication  Know What You Need  Express Yourself Clearly ___________________________________  Choose Best Time  Check for Clarification  Act Empowered ___________________________________  Act Responsibly and Follow Through  Act in a Direct Manner  Express Yourself Honestly and Respectfully ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 29 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 30 Teamwork: ___________________________________ Communication Skills Sending clear messages:  “I” messages—have three parts ___________________________________  the feeling  the situation  the reason ___________________________________  Use active listening techniques  keep an open mind  concentrate ___________________________________  become involved 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 30 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 10May 11
  11. 11. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 31 ___________________________________ Active Listening  Helps students deal with and "defuse" strong feelings ___________________________________  Helps students understand their own emotions  Facilitates problem solving  Keeps the responsibility with the student ___________________________________  Makes students more willing to listen to others  Promotes a closer, more meaningful relationship between paraprofessional and student ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 31 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 32 Strategies for Effective ___________________________________ Communication Between Teachers and Paraprofessionals  Be receptive to each other’s ideas and concerns  Ask for clarification of information, ideas and ___________________________________ instructions, and ask for assistance when needed  Respect individuality and differences in backgrounds, values, and experiences ___________________________________  Develop a shared vocabulary and systems of non-verbal cues  Work together to create a climate of cooperation, trust, and loyalty ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 32 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 33 Teacher Characteristics and ___________________________________ Preferences Paraprofessionals Need to Know  Instructional Techniques and Methods ___________________________________  Supervisory Style  Discipline/Behavior Management Strategies ___________________________________  How to Use Teaching Materials  Classroom Organization and Rules ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 33 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 11May 11
  12. 12. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 34 Communication with ___________________________________ Families  Ground Rules ___________________________________  Written Contact  Confidentiality  Responsibility ___________________________________  Neutrality ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 34 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 35 Working Effectively with ___________________________________ Others Problem Solving Skills ___________________________________  Communication is a necessary tool for understanding and resolving conflict  Miscommunication is sometimes the ___________________________________ cause of the conflict ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 35 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 36 Working Effectively ___________________________________ with Others Problem-Solving Skills (continued) ___________________________________ Sources of Conflict  Failure to deliver on a promise  Lack of quality or competence  Different perceptions, values, styles ___________________________________  Standing on principle  Competing for scarce resources  Expressing inner conflict outwardly ___________________________________ Adapted from Dispute Resolution Skills Training, PDE, 2003 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 36 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 12May 11
  13. 13. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 37 Teamwork: ___________________________________ Problem-Solving Skills  Conflicts are a normal aspect of work life ___________________________________  Due to other pressures, education teams may disregard problems with co-workers  Must have effective ways of dealing with different perspectives and personalities when ___________________________________ involved with a conflicting situation ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 37 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 38 Teamwork: ___________________________________ Problem-Solving Skills Five-Step Problem-Solving Process ___________________________________ 1. Identify and describe the problem 2. Define and determine the cause of the problem ___________________________________ 3. Decide on a goal and identify alternative solutions 4. Select a course of action 5. Implement and evaluate the solution ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 38 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 39 ___________________________________ Consider… ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 39 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 13May 11
  14. 14. Building a Teacher-Paraprofessional TeamSlide 40 ___________________________________ The Four Knows  Know yourself ___________________________________  Know your fellow team members  Know your students ___________________________________  Know your stuff ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 40 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 41 ___________________________________ The Final Exam ___________________________________ ___________________________________ What did I learn today? ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 41 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Slide 42 ___________________________________ Contact Adrian L. Sorrell, PhD ___________________________________ 210.932.7882 or asorrell@tamusa.tamus.edu www.tamusa.tamus.edu ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 5/10/2011 Developed and Provided byTAMUSA 42 ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________Developed and Provided by TAMUSA Page 14May 11

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