Paraprofessional Roles and ResponsibilitiesAn ecological framework<br />Presented by Joyce Mounsteven <br />NRCP Conferenc...
Why an ecological framework?<br /><ul><li>Lessons from the past
Restricted scope of current research </li></li></ul><li>An Ecological Model(Bronfenbrenner)<br />
Microsystem<br />Face to face interactions in their immediate settings:<br />Para and student<br />Para and teacher<br />P...
Mesosystem<br />Linkages that take place between two or more  microsystems<br />Teacher and student interaction can influe...
Exosystem<br />Social structures that influence the roles and responsibilities<br />Board and state policies<br />Collecti...
Macrosystem<br />The values and structures of society at large that influence everything we do.<br />Attitudes<br />Inclus...
My research<br />My role as a connoisseur<br />Based on the perceptions of Educational Assistants (paraprofessionals)<br /...
What I found in the microsystem<br />Para and the student<br /><ul><li>Para as Mom
Para as friend
Para as protector
Para as teacher
Para as advocate</li></ul>Highlighted the ‘fuzziness’ of the role and lack of clarity of the purpose of the relationship<b...
Which microsystems can you identify?<br />Working with one or two colleagues identify several more microsystems that you a...
Other microsystems for consideration<br /><ul><li>Para and the teacher
Para and the administrator
Para and the parent
Para and the specialist</li></ul>(How do these compare with your list?)<br />
What I found in the mesosystem<br /><ul><li>Teacher/administrator decisions
Parent/teacher decisions</li></li></ul><li>Which mesoystems can you identify?<br />Working with one or two colleagues iden...
Other mesosystems for your consideraton<br /><ul><li>School team decisions
Dyads within the IEP team
Specialist/teacher decisions</li></ul>(How do these compare with your list?)<br />
What I found in exosystems<br /><ul><li>School policy
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An Ecological Framework for Understanding the Roles & Responsibilities of Paraprofessionals in Today’s Schools

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Presentation from the 2011 National Resource Center for Paraprofessionals Confernece.
Presenter: Joyce Mounsteven

Published in: Education
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  • that we will look at in a minute.
  • An Ecological Framework for Understanding the Roles & Responsibilities of Paraprofessionals in Today’s Schools

    1. 1. Paraprofessional Roles and ResponsibilitiesAn ecological framework<br />Presented by Joyce Mounsteven <br />NRCP Conference<br />May 2011<br />
    2. 2. Why an ecological framework?<br /><ul><li>Lessons from the past
    3. 3. Restricted scope of current research </li></li></ul><li>An Ecological Model(Bronfenbrenner)<br />
    4. 4. Microsystem<br />Face to face interactions in their immediate settings:<br />Para and student<br />Para and teacher<br />Para and administrator etc.<br />
    5. 5. Mesosystem<br />Linkages that take place between two or more microsystems<br />Teacher and student interaction can influence para and student interaction<br />Teacher and parent interaction can influence para and parent interaction etc.<br />
    6. 6. Exosystem<br />Social structures that influence the roles and responsibilities<br />Board and state policies<br />Collective agreements<br />Internal politics etc.<br />
    7. 7. Macrosystem<br />The values and structures of society at large that influence everything we do.<br />Attitudes<br />Inclusion<br />Human rights etc.<br />
    8. 8. My research<br />My role as a connoisseur<br />Based on the perceptions of Educational Assistants (paraprofessionals)<br />On-line surveys<br />Focus groups<br />
    9. 9. What I found in the microsystem<br />Para and the student<br /><ul><li>Para as Mom
    10. 10. Para as friend
    11. 11. Para as protector
    12. 12. Para as teacher
    13. 13. Para as advocate</li></ul>Highlighted the ‘fuzziness’ of the role and lack of clarity of the purpose of the relationship<br />(Broer et al, 2005)<br />
    14. 14. Which microsystems can you identify?<br />Working with one or two colleagues identify several more microsystems that you are aware of from your vantage point.<br />(Use the table mat provided)<br />
    15. 15. Other microsystems for consideration<br /><ul><li>Para and the teacher
    16. 16. Para and the administrator
    17. 17. Para and the parent
    18. 18. Para and the specialist</li></ul>(How do these compare with your list?)<br />
    19. 19. What I found in the mesosystem<br /><ul><li>Teacher/administrator decisions
    20. 20. Parent/teacher decisions</li></li></ul><li>Which mesoystems can you identify?<br />Working with one or two colleagues identify several more mesosystems that you are aware of from your vantage point.<br />(Use the table mat provided)<br />
    21. 21. Other mesosystems for your consideraton<br /><ul><li>School team decisions
    22. 22. Dyads within the IEP team
    23. 23. Specialist/teacher decisions</li></ul>(How do these compare with your list?)<br />
    24. 24. What I found in exosystems<br /><ul><li>School policy
    25. 25. State legislation
    26. 26. Collective agreements</li></li></ul><li>Which exosystems can you identify?<br />Working with one or two colleagues identify several more exosystems that you are aware of from your vantage point.<br />(Use the table mat provided)<br />
    27. 27. Other exosystems for your consideration<br /><ul><li>State/province legislation (e.g. Physical restraint)
    28. 28. Workplace health and safely regulations
    29. 29. Human Rights Commission</li></ul>(How do these compare with your list?)<br />
    30. 30. What I found in macrosystems<br /><ul><li>Impact of inclusion movement
    31. 31. Parental empowerment</li></li></ul><li>Which macrosystems can you identify?<br />Working with one or two colleagues identify several more macrosystems that you are aware of from your vantage point.<br />(Use the table mat provided)<br />
    32. 32. Other macrosystems for your consideration<br /><ul><li>Attitudes to class and culture
    33. 33. Value of education
    34. 34. Respect for school workers</li></ul> (How do these compare with your list?)<br />
    35. 35. How does this help?<br /><ul><li>Awareness of the complexity of the roles and responsibilities
    36. 36. Intervention at the level where it can be most effective
    37. 37. Tackling change at all levels of the system
    38. 38. Realization that there are no easy answers</li></li></ul><li>Next Steps<br /><ul><li>Improved communication
    39. 39. Improved collaboration
    40. 40. Improved recognition of roles and responsibilities at all levels
    41. 41. Improved training for all personnel</li></li></ul><li>Your next steps<br />Can you share with your neighbour one way in which you think you can use this information to your advantage in your work place?<br />
    42. 42. Thank you!<br />If you would like a copy of the executive summary of my research please contact me: <br />joyce@jmconsulting.ca<br />I would also appreciate any feedback you would care to share with me about the efficacy of the ecological model.<br />

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