Oil spill preparedness & response presentation


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Northlanders were invited to a public meeting in Whangarei to hear what preparations the region has in place to deal with marine oil spills This is the presentation.

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Oil spill preparedness & response presentation

  1. 1. Oil spill preparedness & response: Northland Marine Oil Spill Contingency Plan 1Putting Northland first
  2. 2. Overview: NZ oil spill system  Maritime Transport Act 1994  Three tiered approach:  TIER 1: Industry or Local  TIER 2: Regional (Tier 2)  TIER 3: National – Maritime NZ  All tiers must have Contingency Plans 2Putting Northland first
  3. 3. Tier 1 Response  Responsibility: industry and oil companies  Principle responsibility: prevent further pollution, contain and clean up  Site-specific: vessel refuelling operations or fixed refuelling facilities (boat stops)  Plan: describes spill contingency procedures, equipment for clean up, etc 3Putting Northland first
  4. 4. Tier 2 Response Responsibility: Regional Council, through Regional On-Scene Commander (ROSC) Spill: exceed capability of local site (or) spiller not known Principle responsibility: prevent further pollution, contain and clean up in accordance with plan 4Putting Northland first
  5. 5. Tier 2 Response Recent examples include:  refuelling, bilge spills  fishing vessels aground  ship yard accidents  mechanical problems with shipping 5Putting Northland first
  6. 6. Seawyf Doubtless Bay, March 2008 6Putting Northland first
  7. 7. Viking II November 2003 7Putting Northland first
  8. 8. Tiger III December 2004 8Putting Northland first
  9. 9. Tiger Lily III December 2004 9Putting Northland first
  10. 10. Kumea II August 2008 10Putting Northland first
  11. 11. Kumea II August 2008 11Putting Northland first
  12. 12. Kumea II August 2008 12Putting Northland first
  13. 13. Kumea II August 2008 13Putting Northland first
  14. 14. Kumea II August 2008 14Putting Northland first
  15. 15. Tier 3 Response  Responsibility: Maritime New Zealand  Spill: exceed the capability of region  Due to size, cost, complexity or environmental risk  National On-Scene Commander assumes control 15Putting Northland first
  16. 16. Tier 3 Response  Resources: utilises national equipment and resources  National Response Team: 60 responders, along with 350 trained staff from other regions  International assistance: utilise people and resource from overseas, if required 16Putting Northland first
  17. 17. Regional Contingency Plan Response escalation Tier 2 to Tier 3:  Significant cost of cleanup – guideline figure of $250k  Beyond regional capability  If spill will be of national significance  Maritime NZ National On-Scene Commander can declare Tier 3 17Putting Northland first
  18. 18. Funding and compensation The Oil Pollution Levy:  paid by all shipping, fishing and oil exploration industries, at a rate proportional to the risk  pays for both spill response and Regional training The ‘polluter pays’ principle:  Where possible all costs sought from spiller. Resource Management Act prosecution, civil Liability and compensation allowed for; compulsory insurance. 18Putting Northland first
  19. 19. Role of Regional Council  Maintain regional oil spill response contingency plan  Prepare annual business plan for training, equipment storage, exercises and maintenance  Approve and check Tier 1 sites  Maintain Tier 2 response capability  Direct and manage Tier 2 response 19Putting Northland first
  20. 20. Regional Contingency Plan  Contingency Plan consists of three parts:  Operational section  National Plan chapters – generic throughout NZ plans  Regionally specific information on equipment, personnel, sensitive areas, communication information  Dynamic living document requiring formal review every three years  Regional response requires trained local personnel 20Putting Northland first
  21. 21. Trained personnel 21Putting Northland first
  22. 22. Regional Contingency Plan Personnel trained, including others:  Regional On-Scene Command (ROSC): 3 (command and control)  Specialist Managers: 8  Shore Clean-up Assessment (SCAT): 5  Field Operators (OSR): 35  Oiled wildlife response: 4 22Putting Northland first
  23. 23. Training and exercises 23Putting Northland first
  24. 24. Regional Contingency Plan Exercises:  Each year two exercises – one equipment and one combined field/desktop  Purpose is to test Plan  Available staff from 60 trained responders: Northland Regional Council, Refining NZ, NorthTugz, Department of Conservation, Northport and other agencies 24Putting Northland first
  25. 25. Resources 25Putting Northland first
  26. 26. Regional Contingency Plan Resources:  Maritime NZ equipment stored at Marsden Point and Opua  Rapid response trailer in Whangarei  Regional Council vessels: Waikare, Tai-Ao, Gemini and Lazercraft  Oil Recovery Vessel: Taranui 26Putting Northland first
  27. 27. Regional Contingency Plan Waikare:  council work vessel, capable of deploying 200m of Ro-Boom  operational working platform  hi-ab crane, two tonne and winch  designed and practiced at on-water boom deployment and recovery 27Putting Northland first
  28. 28. Waikare deploying boom 28Putting Northland first
  29. 29. Regional Contingency Plan Taranui:  Purpose designed oil recovery vessel  Onboard storage 4500 litres  Skimming arms with oil pumping and transfer abilities 29Putting Northland first
  30. 30. Taranui 30Putting Northland first
  31. 31. Regional Contingency Plan Memoranda of Understanding with:  Northport  Refining New Zealand  NorthTugz  Department of Conservation  Details resources, plant and equipment available and charge out rates 31Putting Northland first
  32. 32. Dispersants Minimises effects before oil reaches shoreline Enhances natural degradation in water column Effective in areas with good water depth and water exchangeWill not use near shellfish beds, fish spawning or aquaculture areas, or near seawater intakes 32Putting Northland first
  33. 33. Dispersants Oil must be dispersible: cannot be used for Heavy Fuel Oil (ship bunkers) or heavy crudes; good on light to medium crudes and diesel 4,200 litres stockpiled at Marsden Point Recommended dispersant rates based on oil volumes and area covered (1:20) Applied by air or vessel depending on location and slick size 33Putting Northland first
  34. 34. Dispersants 34Putting Northland first
  35. 35. National Response Team  A number of Northland people on National Response Team  Attend additional national training and exercises  Attend tier 3 responses  Attend and learn from overseas responses 35Putting Northland first
  36. 36. Pacific Adventurer Sunshine Coast, March 2009 36Putting Northland first
  37. 37. BP Horizon Gulf of Mexico, April 2010 37Putting Northland first
  38. 38. Rena – Bay of Plenty  Northland response staff involved since response started – in various operations, public relations and wildlife roles  Valuable lessons will be implemented in Northland  Clean-up methods and managing response will be of huge benefit to Northland 38Putting Northland first
  39. 39. Rena Bay of Plenty, October 2011 39Putting Northland first
  40. 40. Rena Bay of Plenty, October 2011 40Putting Northland first
  41. 41. Rena Bay of Plenty, October 2011 41Putting Northland first
  42. 42. Rena Bay of Plenty, October 2011 42Putting Northland first
  43. 43. Lessons Learnt: Poor Knights Islands  Declared ‘Mandatory Area to be Avoided’  Took effect 1 December 2004 43Putting Northland first
  44. 44. Lessons Learnt: Dynamic Under Keel Clearance 44Putting Northland first
  45. 45. Lessons Learnt: Dynamic Under Keel Clearance 45Putting Northland first
  46. 46. Port & Harbour Safety Pilotage:  Administered by Maritime NZ under Maritime Rule part 90  Rule specifies training, qualifications, experience  Training manual approved by Maritime NZ  Ongoing training and peer review required 46Putting Northland first
  47. 47. Port & Harbour Safety Pilotage:  Maritime Rule part 90, just reviewed  New provisions for simulator and bridge management refresher training  New provisions for examining and certification  Harbourmaster examines and peer reviews pilots 47Putting Northland first
  48. 48. Conclusion Key points:  3 tier system  Regional Plan – well resourced  Collaborative arrangements – inter-agency and nationally  National response for large incidents 48Putting Northland first
  49. 49. Questions? Jim Lyle Regional Harbourmaster 0800 002 004 jiml@nrc.govt.nz www.nrc.govt.nz 49Putting Northland first