Portuguese environmental policy at the municipal  level ... ... and progress towards   Local Agenda 21 Nuno Quental Margar...
Objectives and methods <ul><li>evaluate portuguese local environmental policies </li></ul><ul><li>questionnaire; each ques...
Local Agenda 21: what is it? <ul><li>Chapter 28 of Agenda 21 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Through consultation and consensus-bu...
Waste and transportation
Urban planning and education
Public participation and information
Local Agenda 21
Municipal Environmental Processes <ul><li>About one in ten municipalities is carrying out a MEP (results: 12% of responden...
Articulation with other policies
State of process implementation <ul><li>Beginners </li></ul>Intermediate Pioneers Focus Lab, 2002. Local Agenda 21 in Ital...
State of process implementation Absolute number of processes are shown.
Organizational structures
Public participation
Action plan scope
Action plan implementation
Conclusion <ul><li>In Portugal, LA21 is still in its very beginning </li></ul><ul><li>The same can be said about public pa...
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Portuguese environmental policy at the municipal level and progress towards Local Agenda 21

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Portuguese environmental policy at the municipal level and progress towards Local Agenda 21

  1. 1. Portuguese environmental policy at the municipal level ... ... and progress towards Local Agenda 21 Nuno Quental Margarida Silva Escola Superior de Biotecnologia Grupo de Estudos Ambientais
  2. 2. Objectives and methods <ul><li>evaluate portuguese local environmental policies </li></ul><ul><li>questionnaire; each question with 3 options or an open answer </li></ul><ul><li>163 were received (53%) </li></ul><ul><li>detailed questionnaire; </li></ul><ul><li>20 were received </li></ul><ul><li>report on the progress towards Local Agenda 21 (LA21) in Portugal; </li></ul><ul><li>broadly characterize environmental processes such as LA21 and Municipal Environmental Plans (MEP). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Local Agenda 21: what is it? <ul><li>Chapter 28 of Agenda 21 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Through consultation and consensus-building, local authorities would learn from citizens and from local, civic, community, business and industrial organizations and acquire the information needed for formulating the best strategies. (…) Local authority programmes, policies, laws and regulations to achieve Agenda 21 objectives would be assessed and modified, based on local programmes adopted.” </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Waste and transportation
  5. 5. Urban planning and education
  6. 6. Public participation and information
  7. 7. Local Agenda 21
  8. 8. Municipal Environmental Processes <ul><li>About one in ten municipalities is carrying out a MEP (results: 12% of respondents) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Articulation with other policies
  10. 10. State of process implementation <ul><li>Beginners </li></ul>Intermediate Pioneers Focus Lab, 2002. Local Agenda 21 in Italy 2002: survey on Local Agenda 21 processes implementation in Italy, Focus Lab, Modena.
  11. 11. State of process implementation Absolute number of processes are shown.
  12. 12. Organizational structures
  13. 13. Public participation
  14. 14. Action plan scope
  15. 15. Action plan implementation
  16. 16. Conclusion <ul><li>In Portugal, LA21 is still in its very beginning </li></ul><ul><li>The same can be said about public participation in local policies </li></ul><ul><li>Probably, as long as LA21 is voluntary and there is no public pressure, a very slow evolution is to be expected. </li></ul>

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