Tuscan Wine Overview


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Discover an Italian region steeped in wine-making tradition; meet Cosimo de Medici III who changed the face of Chianti forever.

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  • Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) is the science, production and study of grapes which deals with the series of events that occur in the vineyard. When the grapes are used for winemaking, it is also known as viniculture. It is one branch of the science of horticulture.
  • The Arte dei Vinattieri guild established strict regulations on how the Florentine wine merchants could conduct business. No wine was to be sold within 100 yards (91 m) of a church. Wine merchants were also prohibited from being served to a child under 15 or to prostitutes, ruffians and thieves..
  • Show examples of bottles with the different naming types
    Voga pinot grigio
  • Tenuta San Guido was established by Mario Incisa della Rochetta. Considered the seminal "Super Tuscan", the name Sassicaia (Italian sasso meaning stone) indicating a stony field,[1] originated in 1948 when first produced by Incisa della Rochetta using Cabernet Sauvignon vines reputedly sourced from Château Lafite-Rothschild,[2] and for years only used for family consumption.[1] From 1968, internationally renowned consultants were engaged to improve the production, such as Giacomo Tachis and Émile Peynaud.[1] Small commercial quantities were not released until in the mid 1970s.[4]
    At a 1978 Decanter tasting of "great clarets", a panel including Hugh Johnson, Serena Sutcliffe and Clive Coates awarded the 1972 Sassicaia victory over a field of 33 wines from 11 countries, and established the wine's international reputation.[1] Since the 1980s the position of Sassicaia has been by some accounts eclipsed by Ornellaia, produced by the property adjacent to Tenuta San Guido, suggested to be its owner Lodovico Antinori’s competitive answer to his cousin Nicolò Incisa's Sassicaia and his older brother Piero Antinori's wine, Solaia.[5]
    In the late 1990s Sassicaia was granted its own DOC (Bolgheri), the only wine from a single estate in Italy to enjoy this privilege.[4] Before that, and in similarity to other wines made outside the traditional DOC/DOCG regulations, Sassicaia was classified as an Indicazione geografica tipica (IGT). Initially it was a Vino da tavola, which is normally a category for wines of little complexity.
  • he grand duke's vision protected the name of the wine which has since become one of the most famous wines of Italy. Perhaps more important it protected the name of Chianti Classico.
    Identified 4 communes (discreet production zones) that are allowed to produce Chianti Classico:
  • Denominazione di origine controllata ("Controlled designation of origin")
    is an quality assurance label for food products, especially wines and various formaggi (Denominazione di Origine Protetta). It is modelled after the French AOC. It was instituted in 1963 and overhauled in 1992 for compliance with the equivalent EU law on Protected Designation of Origin, which came into effect that year.
    All three require that a food product be produced within the specified region using defined methods and that it satisfy a defined quality standard.
    The need for a DOCG identification arose when the DOC designation was, in the view of many Italian food industries, given too liberally to different products. A new, more restrictive identification was then created, as similar as possible to the previous one so that buyers could still recognize it, but qualitatively different.
    A notable difference for wines is that DOCG labelled wines are analysed and tasted by government–licensed personnel before being bottled. To prevent later manipulation, DOCG wine bottles then are sealed with a numbered governmental seal across the cap or cork.
    Italian legislation additionally regulates the use of the following qualifying terms for wines:
    ···classico (classic): is reserved for wines produced in the region where a particular type of wine has been produced "traditionally". For the ··Chianti Classico, this "traditional region" is defined by a decree from July 10, 1932.
    ···riserva (reserve): may be used only for wines that have been aged at least two years longer than normal for a particular type of wine.
    Wines labelled DOC or DOCG may only be sold in bottles holding 5 litres or less.
    For wines produced in Bolzano, where German is an official language, DOC may alternatively be written as Kontrollierte Ursprungsbezeichnung and DOCG may be written as Kontrollierte und garantierte Ursprungsbezeichnung.[1]
  • The G means Garantita, meaning that, the tasting-control boards absolutely guarantee the stylistic authenticity of a wine
  • Translation: since the wine has been aged in wood for a period of over 2 years the wine will have either a grilled, smoky or nutty aroma.
  • Wild boar, fine aged parmesan cheese, roast beef, roast turkey, lamb or veal
  • Tuscan Wine Overview

    1. 1. when to age wine ? false notion that all wines improve with age cheaper wines certain wine styles beaujolais bardolino white wine usually more expensive wines
    2. 2. tuscany chianti
    3. 3. impact of viticulture on wine
    4. 4. impact of viticulture on wine • viticulture def'n – science of growing grapes + farming • viticulture – – • rules & regulations burgundy appellation decree labels reflect – – • grape growing regulations wine making techniques wine making tradition – barone ricasoli
    5. 5. great wine begins in the vineyard...
    6. 6. italy
    7. 7. tuscany
    8. 8. tuscan wines crisp whites torricella, farnito age-worthy reds chianti classico unctuous dessert wines vin santo del chianti classico
    9. 9. tuscany chianti florence & sienna
    10. 10. chianti one of the more beautiful landscapes in the world...
    11. 11. history of viticulture in tuscany dates back to the etruscans in the 8th century bc by the 3rd century bc, greek literary references about the quality of tuscan wine
    12. 12. how italian wines are named grape variety • • village or district • proprietary
    13. 13. grape variety - varietal sangiovese malvasia chardonnay pinot grigio
    14. 14. grape variety - varietal
    15. 15. red varietals sangiovese =brunello =morellino =prugnolo gentile canaiolo colorino mammolo syrah cabernet sauvignon merlot cabernet franc petit verdot
    16. 16. white varietals trebbiano malvasia vernaccia chardonnay sauvignon pinot grigio
    17. 17. village or district • chianti
    18. 18. village or district
    19. 19. proprietary – 'brand name' • tignanello • sassicaia • summus • gaun
    20. 20. proprietary
    21. 21. a bit of chianti classico history 1716 edict by cosimo III de' medici (grand duke of tuscany) family defined the chianti production zone in 1716... becoming a 'doc' long before its time
    22. 22. tuscany
    23. 23. italian appellation system
    24. 24. italian appellation system Is a legally defined & protected geographical indication used to identify where the grapes for a wine are grown It garantees the origin of traditional goods, born out of a specific terroir linked to a particular traditional know-how
    25. 25. italian appellation system classification system docg – doc - igt the overall goal of the system is to encourage producers to focus on quality wine making consumers 'kind of reference'
    26. 26. docg – doc – igt docg - denominazione di origine controllata garantita specific limited geographical area stricter production regulations – typical style doc - denominazione de origine controllata sub-regional, broader area less strict regulations – less typical style igt – indicazione geografica tipica broad regional area - non-traditional style
    27. 27. docg – doc – igt igt – indicazione geografica tipica broad regional area - non-traditional style
    28. 28. igt indicazione geographica typica toscana/toscano colli della toscana centrale maremma toscana
    29. 29. igt indicazione geographica typica toscana/toscano colli della toscan centrale maremma toscana
    30. 30. igt indicazione geographica typica made from non-tuscan grape varieties contain less than the min. requirements for specific appellation – < 75 % sangiovese
    31. 31. igt indicazione geographica typica based on bordeaux varieties • merlot • cabernet sauvignon • cab. franc • petit verdot
    32. 32. docg – doc – igt doc - denominazione de origine controllata sub-regional, defined area stricter regulations – more typical style
    33. 33. DOC denominazione di origine controllata doc bolgheri (sassicaia) – 'super-tuscan' doc orcia doc pomino – pinot bianco – chardonnay – pinot grigio vernaccia di san gimignano* – first doc in 1966 doc vin santo del chianti
    34. 34. DOC denominazione di origine controllata doc bolgheri (sassicaia) – 'super-tuscan' doc orcia doc pomino – pinot bianco – chardonnay – pinot grigio vernaccia di san gimignano* – first doc in 1966 doc vin santo del chianti
    35. 35. docg – doc – igt docg - denominazione di origine controllata garantita very specific & defined geographical area
    36. 36. docg • denominazione di origine controllata • g for garantita tasting control boards guarantee the stylistic authenticity of a wine • • established in 1963 • strictest regulations • 7/56
    37. 37. classification history italy first doc official - 1966 vernaccia di san gimignano – tuscany '1716 – chianti'
    38. 38. a bit of chianti classico history 1716 the grand duke's vision protected the name of the wine which has since become one of the most famous wines of Italy
    39. 39. appellation classification geographical limits of each region other factors... vinification veneto amarone
    40. 40. modern classification laws govern • grape varieties permitted • percentage of each varietal • min. alcohol content (superiore) • aging requirements (riserva) – cask – bottle
    41. 41. chianti classico docg regulations
    42. 42. varietal restrictions - 1967 recipe 70 % sangiovese: 20-30 % malvasia: & trebbiano: white
    43. 43. varietal restrictions 2006 In the chianti classico appellation it is forbidden to use white grapes such as – trebbiano – malvasia
    44. 44. varietal restrictions - today sangiovese: 75-100% canaiolo: 10% max up to 20% any other approved red grape variety such as: cabernet sauvignon merlot syrah
    45. 45. alcohol level minimum of 12%
    46. 46. ageing requirements 7 months in oak riserva minimum 27 months
    47. 47. chianti - docg chianti docg : the first level: cost: $
    48. 48. chianti classico - docg chianti classico: from the inner historic district of chianti. villages of castellina, gaiole, radda & greve in chianti $$
    49. 49. docg - chianti classico riserva chianti classico: from the inner historic district of chianti. villages of castellina, gaiole radda & greve in chianti AND must be aged min 2 years and 3 months. $$$$
    50. 50. regional differences castellina delicate aroma & flavour gaiole structured with firm tannins greve very concentrated flavours
    51. 51. barone ricasoli ricasoli is one of the oldest wineries in italy
    52. 52. barone ricasoli – 1872 original chianti recipe oldest winery in italy gaiole nobleman Bettino Ricasoli, of Castello Brolio, devised the formula for chianti area reds: – sangiovese base – touch of canaiolo and a significant dose of white grapes for freshness
    53. 53. barone ricasoli - 1872 At just twenty years old, Bettino Ricasoli, known as the “Iron Baron”, began his research and experiments in Brolio, with the aim of producing a high-quality wine in Chianti, able to compete on an international level with the great French wines, the undisputed leaders of the time and still today.
    54. 54. pairing chianti with food meat... Piero Antinori enjoys chianti with grilled foods for which tuscany is famous
    55. 55. meat...
    56. 56. and more meat...
    57. 57. fine aged parmesan cheese
    58. 58. other well-known wineries carpineto antinori cecchi badia a coltibuono querciabella ruffino