Open Data: How it is leading

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Open Data: How it is leading

  1. 1. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Open Data: How it is leading IT Meet 2013 Kathmandu University Prakash Neupane Nepal
  2. 2. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Background + History
  3. 3. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Population Census in Nepal ● ● ● Though no historical record is available regarding any population census in the past, yet counting of houses was practiced prior to the Lichhavi period. The existence of `Guthis' (Co-operative Societies) in the Kathmandu Valley, which sought help from each and every household in time and need is the clear indication of such practice. After the Anglo-Nepal peace treaty of 1816 and the subsequent demarcation of Nepal's boundary with India, the then Government seems to have maintained records of the number of houses in different districts. At the second decade of the 19th century, on the basis of the information on number of houses, provided by an official of the Nepalese Government, Fraser estimated the population of Nepal as 3,661,200. [Imagine the data of those time, how they collected, how much time it took to collect it, how much time they need to process]
  4. 4. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal UK Census 1801
  5. 5. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal The Hollerith Tabulator [US 1980 Census]
  6. 6. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal An IBM 1960
  7. 7. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal where we are now Revolution is always driven by necessity/complexity
  8. 8. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Government is opening Data
  9. 9. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal It's not just the Government Companies, Communities and International Organizations are also opening data
  10. 10. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal What do we mean by open?
  11. 11. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or sharealike.” - OpenDefinition.org
  12. 12. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Open Data
  13. 13. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Public Data
  14. 14. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Open Data PublicFormat
  15. 15. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Machine Readable Format Open Data PublicFormat
  16. 16. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Accessible Public Data
  17. 17. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal What means Open Data? Open data involves     the proactive disclosure of information; the internet being the primary medium for such disclosure; information being made available for access and for re­use free of charge and; information being made available in a machine­readable format to enable computer­based re­use.
  18. 18. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Is it means all data can be open? Transport, Geodata, Statistics, Budget, Election, …... Key point: Non­Personal Data!
  19. 19. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Why Open Data Innovation, Efficiency and Transparency
  20. 20. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Why Open Data The Many Mind Principle The best thing to do with your data will be thought of by someone else
  21. 21. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Why Open Data Fixing is Faster with Open Data To many eyes all bugs are shallow
  22. 22. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Why Open Data scaling Weaving Data Together Componentize Humpty Dumpty Together
  23. 23. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal
  24. 24. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Open data is fashionable. Developers and hackers are making smartphone apps based on datasets held by the public sector, and activists are discovering the value of Open Data for defending their causes.
  25. 25. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal openspending openstreetmap
  26. 26. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal US Gov's Open Data UK Gov's Open Data
  27. 27. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Who are the Open Knowledge Foundation?
  28. 28. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal We are a global movement to open up knowledge around the world and see it used and useful. We bring together a diverse community, building a network of individuals and organizations, founded on key principles. We create change by educating, empowering, evangelising and making. We promote open access, open content, and open data, and the public domain.
  29. 29. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Who can join? Anyone – no special restriction on sector, racial, technical etc How? Join us in Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Open-Knowledge-Foundation-Network-Ne Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/nprkshn Group email: http://lists.okfn.org/mailman/listinfo/okfn-np Website: http://np.okfn.org
  30. 30. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal We want to see “open by default” in DNA of knowledge society
  31. 31. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal References: ● ● Dr. Vidya Bir Singh Kansakar, Associate Research Officer , Population Censuses of Nepal and The Problems of Data Analysis Rufus Pullok, Open Data What Why and How, http://assets.okfn.org/files/talks/republica_open_data_20110413/
  32. 32. Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Thanks Prakash Neupane Ambassador, Open Knowledge Foundation Nepal Fellow, Shuttleworth Foundation 9849083301 nprkshn@gmail.com www.prakashneupane.com.np

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