Busines Energy Advice


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Energy efficiency advice for business customers.

For many businesses, the main reason for saving energy is financial. However, there are many other reasons why you should consider being more energy efficient, including minimising harm to the environment.

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Busines Energy Advice

  1. 1. Save energyenergy efficiency advicefor business customers
  2. 2. For most businesses, the main reason for saving energy isfinancial. However, there are many other reasons why youshould consider being more energy efficient, includingminimising harm to the environment.This guide details a number of actions your business could take to become more energy efficient.Having read through them, draw up an action plan with the 10 priority items listed for attention.Use a table like the one shown in appendix 1 to identify what you’re going to do, who will do itand when. SmartStart benefits 4–5It’s not always necessary to spend money to save energy, but where there is a cost Managing your energy 6–7it can often be minimal and repaid very quickly from the resultant savings. Nor does saving Lighting 8 – 11energy need to be complicated or take a long time to achieve. Many energy savings can be Office equipment 12 – 13delivered quickly and simply. Space heating 14 – 15 Buildings 16 – 17 Air conditioning 18 – 19 Electric motors 20 – 21 Compressed air 22 – 23 Boilers 24 – 25 Refrigeration 26 – 27 Process plant 28 – 29 Combined heat and power 30 – 31 Renewable energy 32 – 33 Funding sources 34 – 35 How npower business can help 36 – 37 Enquiries and complaints Sample action plan & energy policy 38 – 39
  3. 3. energy efficiency advice for business customers 5 Benefits of SmartStart Money matters (financial) Mother Earth (environment) There has always been a good financial case for saving energy, even Oil, coal and gas are the main fossil fuels. When burnt directly before the sharp increases in energy prices (e.g. as in a gas boiler) at your premises, or indirectly (e.g. in a coal- that have taken place recently. By minimising overhead costs, the fired power station at a remote site), they produce harmful profitability of any business could improve. So by using less energy, by-products such as carbon dioxide (a so-called greenhouse gas). or by gaining more from the same energy use, your business will Carbon dioxide is widely accepted as one of the main causes of climate operate more efficiently. This will lead to lower costs and higher change. Climate change concerns us all as it can have dramatic effects productivity respectively. on our climate and weather patterns. There’s a direct link between burning fossil fuels and the production of carbon dioxide. By saving The cheapest unit of energy is the one you don’t use - but that’s not energy, harmful emissions are also reduced. all. Electricity and gas bills have VAT added. By using less energy you’ll also save on VAT, particularly useful if you aren’t VAT registered At the Kyoto Earth Summit, the Government agreed to or if your business is unable to fully reclaim all of the VAT. If you pay binding targets for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions VAT at 17.5% you’ll most likely be paying the Climate Change Levy* by certain dates. In order to help deliver on these targets, npower too, which adds even more to your bills. This provides an even greater business has produced this Guide to Saving Energy for its business incentive to use less. customers. A companion guide for domestic customers is also available. For some businesses, energy savings of up to 30% may be achieved.# This could lead to much lower bills, without the need to spend lots of Big Brother (regulation) time or money to achieve them. And savings could be ongoing year In the UK and more widely throughout the European Union, after year. regulations can apply to the way businesses use energy. This includesThere is a direct link between burning fossil fuels and the processes covered by the Integrated Pollution, Prevention and Controlproduction of carbon dioxide, so by saving energy, harmful Regulations. Small businesses may be affected by the amendmentsemissions are also reduced. to the Building Regulations as detailed in Part L2 of the regulations. These amendments cover new build and certain refurbishment work, all with the aim of increasing energy efficiency. Quality Counts (quality) Many businesses operate under a quality assurance scheme such as ISO14001 (Environmental Management), either because they recognise the benefits themselves or because their customers or suppliers insist upon it. Part of the quality assurance process requires each business to look at its energy use and find ways to improve efficiency. * Heavy users of energy and those operating within certain designated business sectors may be eligible for a discount against the Climate Change Levy in exchange for a commitment to reduce energy consumption by agreed amounts over time. These agreements are generally made via the sector trade associations, where further information and eligibility conditions can be determined. # The Carbon Trust ‘Better Business Guide’ available at www.carbontrust.co.uk
  4. 4. energy efficiency advice for business customers 7 5 Managing energy Responsibility Depending upon the scale and complexity of a business, managing energy could involve a team of people or it could be the part time responsibility of just one person. However, it does need to be defined, so that everyone understands their responsibility for energy management. Policy Once the responsibility for managing energy is established, you should put in place a policy that best suits the business. For a small business with limited energy use, the policy shown at Appendix 2 may be appropriate. However for more complex businesses or those with more demanding energy needs, a bespoke solution may be needed.The role of managing energy needsto be defined, so that everyoneunderstands their responsibility.
  5. 5. energy efficiency advice for business customers 9 Lighting Check lighting levels You may have more light than you need. Removing an unnecessary 100 Watt incandescent bulb could save about £20 a year. Turn off fluorescent lights when not needed A popular myth is that it’s not worth turning off fluorescent lights for short periods. This isn’t true. Turning off a single 65 Watt fluorescent fitting at break times could save around £4 per year. Turn off unnecessary lights Each twin 58 Watt fluorescent fitting costs about £23 a year to run. Rewire lighting controls for small groups of lights, or even individual lights Better control over what light you use is energy efficient. Each twin 100 Watt fluorescent fitting costs about £44 a year to run. Fit a time switch to control fixed hours of lighting Each 70 Watt lamp lit all night, when part night operation would do, costs about an extra £14 per year. Label light switches Only turning on lights that are needed will save money – a fitting with 4 x 18 Watt lamps will cost about £17 a year to run. Fit daylight and/or occupancy sensors to lights For a group of 6 x 80 Watt fluorescent fittings, savings in the order of £51 per year could be achieved. Replace incandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs Standard incandescent lamps (bulbs) are inefficient – 10% light and 90% heat. A 20 Watt low energy lamp in place of a 100 Watt incandescent lamp could save you around £16 a year. Use task lighting rather than light the whole area A single 18 Watt task light instead of an overhead fluorescent light with 4 x 18 Watt tubes could save about £12 per yearSimple steps to saving energy – enough to cover the cost of the task light.Lighting Replace 38mm fluorescent tubes with 26mm tubesEvery business needs lighting in one form or another and uses a The need for artificial lighting can vary from hour to For each 65 Watt lamp substituted with a 58 Watt lamp, savings of £3 per year will result – more than the cost of the lamp.significant amount of energy simply so that people can see to move hour and day to day. This is because of atmospheric conditions, which This will usually work with lamps that have starters – excluding 8ft fittings. If in doubt, try one first.around, operate machines, play sports, etc. Retail outlets need display are constantly changing and affecting the available natural daylightlighting so that their goods are correctly lit to make them visible and and because of the relative Fluorescent fittings have been around a long time but modern technology has improved the energy efficiency of the fittings significantlyappealing. Lighting is used everywhere and comes in a variety of position of the sun. Also many businesses have changing needs increasing the lamp life. At the same time, colour appearance has been improved and flickering eliminated. Some can even be dimmed.forms, some more energy efficient than others. Many will agree that throughout their work hours. To be more energy efficient withthe best lighting comes from natural daylight. However, natural light lighting, you need a system that produces the maximum amount ofisnt available in every situation nor is it available at a constant level, light for the input power and is flexible and responsive to changingso artificial light is here to stay. circumstances. The control system is therefore crucial.
  6. 6. energy efficiency advice for business customers 11 Lighting continued Consider whole life cost approach when buying lighting By replacing twin 80 Watt fluorescent fittings with new twin 58 Watt high frequency fluorescent fittings, energy savings in the order of £13 per fitting will result. Plus, you’ll have the benefit of lamps that last twice as long and operate flicker-free. Replace or remove flashing fluorescent tubes A 100 Watt fluorescent tube flashing every couple of seconds could waste £72 worth of energy in a year. Consider turning off external lighting Rather than leaving lights on all night, fit motion sensors. For a typical 300 Watt tungsten halogen lamp, you could save up to £20 a year, which is about the cost of a fitting. Where lights are required to be lit all night, choose discharge lighting – a 70 Watt high pressure sodium lamp rather than a 300 Watt tungsten halogen lamp saves around £42 over the year.Consider: does external lighting need to be on all night?Why not opt for sensor activated security lights? Need to know more about lighting? The following organisations can all help with queries about internal and external lighting and the various methods of control: The Carbon Trust www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy Tel 0800 085 2005 UK Lighting Manufacturers Trade Association www.lif.co.uk Tel 020 8675 5432
  7. 7. energy efficiency advice for business customers 13 Office equipment Only switch on what you need A photocopier left on unnecessarily could increase your energy bill by up to £194 a year. Consider whole life cost approach when you buy equipment An energy star compliant laser printer could reduce your energy bill by over £19 per year. Turn off computer monitors when you leave A 17” tube monitor left on unnecessarily could cost up to £37 per year. Save up photocopying until you have a batch Photocopiers use a lot of energy when they’re first switched on and when they’re left on because they need to be warm to work. For best performance, save up copies into a batch and then turn the copier off again. This could save you up to £194 a year. Avoid copying documents unnecessarily Cutting down on paper, toner (or ink) and energy could lead to a saving of around £50 per year. Enable energy saving features on all equipment Power consumption could be reduced by up to 80%. Enabling power save on a laser printer could save up to £11 per year or more. Avoid using screen savers as they rarely save energy Once equipment has been used, turn it off if it’s not needed Sometimes screen savers use more energy. Turning off a screen saver and activating the power save function on a computer again soon. monitor could save £25-£45 per year. Keep photocopiers outside air conditioned spaces This may save up to £200 per year for each copier. Avoid printing emails You can save paper, toner and energy by not printing documents and the energy alone could be worth £6 or more per year, per printer.Office equipmentMany offices have an abundance of equipment that uses energy.This can include computers, printers, faxes, photocopiers, fans, etc.Typically an office can be responsible for up to 30% of the energy Need to know more about office equipment?used in some small businesses, so keeping this under control can The following organisation can help with queries about office equipment and the various methods of control:make a significant difference. The Carbon Trust www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy Tel 0800 085 2005
  8. 8. energy efficiency advice for business customers 15 Space and water heating Ensure thermostats are set to the desired temperature For every 1ºC of extra heat your heating bill increases by 8%. For warehouses, 16ºC is acceptable and 20ºC is usually acceptable for offices. For hot water, between 60ºC and 65ºC is usually suitable for catering and washing to avoid Legionella. Reset timers after clock change from BST to GMT If the space heating goes off an hour early, you could be paying for an extra hour of heat made up from portable heaters – up to £95 per heater per year. Ensure radiators are unobstructed Using portable heaters to make up for insufficient heat can be expensive and costs up to £95 per heater per year. Fit thermostatic radiator valves If your radiators are on full without any form of regulation, you could be overheating a room and increasing your heating bill. Get a new boiler If your boiler is over 20 years old and you spend £1,100 a year on your heating bill, you could save around £330 simply by fitting a new condensing boiler. Have boilers professionally serviced Maintaining your boiler could save you up to £120 per year, if you currently spend £400 on space heating bills. Fit insulation material behind radiators on outside walls This could save you around £10 in a year, although circumstances do vary. Turn off boilers during the summer months Using an immersion heater during the summer could save £20 per year, although circumstances vary. Ensure hot water cylinder (calorifier) is well insulated If you spend £160 per year on hot water this could be halved with an insulated cylinder. Ensure adequate insulation on all hot water pipes Insulate all hot water pipes, flanges and valves to prevent heat loss and cut down on your hot water bills.Space heating Hot water Need to know more about space and water heating? The following organisations can all help with queries about space heating and hot water and the various methods of control:You need space heating to regulate the temperature for people Hot water for catering and washing should be heated to 60– 65°C(and sometimes for perishable stock) while they’re in the building. to avoid Legionella. The temperature should be no higher to reduce The Carbon Trust www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy Tel 0800 085 2005You should match your space heating to the occupancy of the excessive heat loss and limit limescale build-up. The Heating and Ventilating Contractors’ Association www.hvca.org.uk Tel 020 7313 4900building and regulate it to maintain the desired temperature. (provides information on local contractors) The Combustion Engineering Association www.cea.org.uk Tel 02920 400670
  9. 9. energy efficiency advice for business customers 17 Buildings Seal external doors and windows with draught excluders By fitting self-adhesive draught excluders to outside doors and windows you could save £20–£40 on a typical heating bill of £400. Keep doors closed between heated and unheated areas This could reduce your energy bills by £20–£40 on a typical cost of £400. Add a lobby to cut down on heat loss If your reception costs £100 per year to keep warm, £25 could be wasted by allowing heat to escape through a frequently used door. Fit automatic sensors on loading bay doors If your loading bay costs £160 per year to keep warm, you could save about £40, depending upon how many times the door is opened, by adopting this measure. Insulate cavity walls and roof spaces Prices will vary depending on circumstances but your investment could be recouped within 5 years. Ensure room temperatures are thermostatically controlled If you spend £600 per year on space heating, you could reduce your energy bill by about £48 for each degree the temperature is reduced. Don’t heat unoccupied rooms Draught excluders can reduce heat loss by around 10%. Check to make sure that radiators are turned off in unused rooms.BuildingsEffective insulation and draught proofing is essential to reduce Good insulation is best fitted during the construction orheat loss from buildings and to limit noise and airborne pollution. refurbishment of buildings when it is more cost effective and Need to know more about buildings?Most buildings have scope for improvement. less disruptive. However, there are still changes that you can The following organisation can help with queries about buildings and the various methods of control: make to existing buildings that aren’t due for major overhauls. The Carbon Trust www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy Tel 0800 085 2005
  10. 10. energy efficiency advice for business customers 19 Air conditioning Ensure thermostats are set to the desired temperature For every 1ºC below 24ºC, you could be adding 8% to your air conditioning bill so check regularly that your room temperature thermostats are set correctly. Cooling to 23ºC or 24ºC is normally quite acceptable. Reset timers after clock change from BST to GMT If the air conditioning comes on an hour early because the timer is set wrong, you could be paying for cooling before it’s needed. An extra hour’s cooling each day adds around 9% to your air conditioning bill. Avoid simultaneous heating and cooling If you spend £40 heating a space in winter and a further £60 cooling the same space in the summer, your annual bill is £100. But if the systems are both running simultaneously it could add up to £25. Check humidity controls Unnecessary humidity control could double the energy required. Replace air handling unit dampers with variable speed drives Variable speed drives could pay back within 3 to 5 years. Use the right filters and keep them clean Blocked or incorrect filters could be adding to your energy costs and lowering the overall efficiency of your air conditioning plant. Keep condensers clean Blocked, damaged or dirty condensers could add to the cost of your air conditioning bills by as much as 25% and may lead If you have air conditioning, for every 1ºC below 24ºC, you could to inadequate cooling. be adding 8% to your energy bill! Remove or insulate all heat sources in air conditioned spaces Identify and eliminate all heat sources – uninsulated hot pipes, photocopiers, etc. Minimise the use of other office equipment that generate heat One 17” desktop PC monitor left on unnecessarily could cost around £74 per year in direct energy costs plus a further £20 per year for additional air conditioning costs. Circumstances vary. Minimise solar gain Control excessive heat from the sun by using blinds or shades. All chilled water pipes should be well insulated By insulating chilled water pipes you could be saving on your energy bills, as the chiller plant could operate more efficiently. Portable air conditioners should reject heat directly outsideAir conditioning Maximising the efficiency of portable air conditioners could save as much as £50 per year for each externally ducted unit.Air conditioning is usually required to regulate the temperature forthe benefit of people, but it’s only needed for as long as they’re in Need to know more about air conditioning?the building. You should match the operation of the air conditioning The following organisations can all help with queries about air conditioning and the various methods of control:to the occupancy of the building and regulate it to maintain the The Carbon Trust www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy Tel 0800 085 2005desired temperature. The Heating and Ventilating Contractors Association www.hvca.org.uk Tel 020 7313 4900 (provides information on local contractors)
  11. 11. energy efficiency advice for business customers 21 Electric motors Prevent unwanted motors running A 4kW motor turned off for an hour a day could save about £100 a year. A 50kW motor turned off for an hour a day could save over £1,200! Slowing down a motor could make significant energy savings Fitting variable speed drives could lead to significant energy savings with paybacks between 3 and 5 years. A motor taking 14kW at 1,500 rpm and costing £1.19 per hour to run could only take around 1kW at 750 rpm and cost about 9p per hour to run. Use direct drives rather than belt drives A 12kW motor driving a pump directly, rather than via a belt, could save about £260 throughout the year. On belt driven systems, ensure pulleys are properly aligned A 10kW motor driving a pump with pulleys that are not properly aligned could add £220 to the annual energy cost. Changing pulley ratios on fixed speed motors could lead to significant energy savings Slowing a motor down by simply changing the pulley ratio is very cost effective for fixed speed motors and could achieve paybacks in under a year. A motor taking 6kW at 3,000 rpm and costing 51p per hour to run could take less than 1kW and cost less than 7p per hour to run at 1,500 rpm. Connect oversized motors in permanent star configuration An oversized motor costing £200 per year to run normally could cost £180 if connected in permanent star formation. High efficiency motors are not much more expensive than standard motors and could Use high efficiency motors save around - 3% on your energy bills. A high efficiency EFF1 rated motor used in place of a 25kW basic motor running continuously all year, could save about £400.Electric motorsElectric motors are major users of electricity in industrial plant and Consider what the motor is actually doing. Is it doing useful Need to know more about motors?commercial premises. Motive power accounts for almost half the work? If not, turn it off. The following organisation can help with queries about motors and the various methods of control:total electrical energy used in the UK and for nearly two thirds ofindustrial electricity use. The Carbon Trust www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy Tel 0800 085 2005
  12. 12. energy efficiency advice for business customers 23 Compressed air Consider heat recovery It could yield up to 40% of the compressor’s input power as a ‘free’ heat source. Ensure compressed air is used appropriately As an energy source, compressed air costs 10 times that of electricity (90% is wasted as heat in the compressor) so it should be used sparingly. Using compressed air to dry products when a simple 3kW blower would do, means that you could be wasting more than £2 for each hour of continuous use, maybe as much as £4,000 in a year. Locate and fix air leaks If you have a 30kW compressor running on load for 8 hours per day and 40% is wasting away, then you could be losing the equivalent of £1,600 per year. Switch off compressors when not needed A 30kW compressor running offload over lunchtime all year round, could be costing you over £200 a year. Maintain compressors properly A 15kW compressor running inefficiently could be costing you over £850 a year. Reduce compressed air generation pressure Compressors that cost £1,500 a year at 7 bar pressure could only cost around £1,400 at 6 bar. You could save up to 30% by implementing a few very easy measures. Avoid unnecessary filtering or drying Providing ultra clean air when basic filtered air is all that is required could be costing you dearly in energy and filters. Drying also costs significant amounts as the air has to be cooled to separate the moisture. Ensure that you are filtering and drying to the required standard and no more as this could lead to good financial savings. Ensure that multiple compressor installations are properly sequenced Exact savings will depend on your own system. Ensure air inlets are clear and unobstructed If your 40kW compressor is drawing air from within a room with an ambient air temperature of 33oC, you could be adding about 4% to the running cost, which could mean an extra £800 per year, based on a 40 hour week. Isolate redundant pipework to areas that no longer need compressed air Exact savings will depend on your own system.Compressed airCompressed air is a convenient and often essential utility, widely used For example, it costs up to ten times more to run air tools than theirin industry. However, it takes a lot of energy (usually electricity) to electric equivalent, because only 10% of input energy to a Need to know more about compressed air?generate compressed air and consequently it’s very expensive. compressor is doing useful work. The other 90% is rejected as heat. The following organisations can all help with queries about compressed air and the various methods of control: Up to 30% savings could be possible by some simple good The Carbon Trust www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy Tel 0800 085 2005 housekeeping measures, often achievable at no or low cost. British Compressed Air Society www.britishcompressedairsociety.co.uk Tel 020 7935 2464
  13. 13. energy efficiency advice for business customers 25 Boilers Replace old boilers All modern boilers have a better efficiency than their older counterparts so replacing an old boiler with a new one could save as much as 30% depending upon individual circumstances. Downsizing a boiler could lead to savings Boilers were often oversized, so there may be an option to downsize, which could lead to additional savings. However, replacing a boiler can be an expensive option and may cause considerable disruption, so it may be worth considering other measures first. Insulate all hot water pipes, flanges and valves Insulate all hot water pipes, flanges and valves to prevent heat loss and you could save up to 10% of supplied energy. Ensure the boiler is only running when it needs to Ensure the boiler is only heating to the required temperature Deal with variable needs for heat Where there’s a variable need for heat in particular areas, ensure that the steam or hot water pipes can be isolated when not needed. Check for water or steam leaks and rectify as necessary Ensure servicing of boilers Boilers should be professionally serviced at least once a year to ensure optimum efficiency. Insulate boiler casing Insulate (or add extra insulation) to the boiler casing. Consult an expert. You could save up to 10% of supplied energy by insulating all Act to detect problems with boilers Regularly monitoring flue gas temperatures and the composition of the flue gas itself can lead to early detection hot water pipes, flanges and valves. of a problem with the boiler. Use an expert, or have automatic monitoring equipment fitted. Ensure that a minimum number of boilers are running In multiple boiler installations, a sequencing control device should be used to ensure that the minimum number of boilers are running fully loaded, rather than all boilers running on part load. Maximise condensate Maximise the amount of condensate being returned to the boiler, as this could save heat energy and save on water treatment costs. Consult an expert.Boilers Position new boilers effectivelyMany boilers are small and compact and are used for space and water It’s worth noting that not all of the heat produced by a boiler is If you’re considering getting a new boiler, site it as near to the heat demand as possible.heating applications, particularly in the smaller commercial and retail useful. Some is lost up the flue, some through the boiler case andbusiness sectors. Some larger buildings and many industries will have some through leaks in the system. With steam boilers heat will alsomuch bigger boilers (or a combination of boilers) and these need to be lost during blowdown (a process that helps to prevent the boilerbe considered more specifically than the smaller, individual packaged clogging up with particles left over when water is converted toboilers. Larger boilers may be providing heat in the form of hot water steam). Further losses will occur if the condensate (what’s left when Need to know more about boilers? The following organisations can all help with queries about boilers:or steam, depending upon the need, and they tend to be located in the steam turns back into water) is not collected and re-used.specific plant rooms. The Carbon Trust www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy Tel 0800 085 2005 The Heating and Ventilating Contractors’ Association www.hvca.org.uk Tel 020 7313 4900 (provides information on local contractors) The Combustion Engineering Association www.cea.org.uk Tel 02920 400670
  14. 14. energy efficiency advice for business customers 27 Refrigeration Is cooling really needed? A freezer cooling 2ºC lower than necessary and costing £190 a year to run could be wasting around £30. Minimise the number of times that doors are left open Each time the door is opened the cold air escapes and warm moist air enters, both of which lead to greater energy use. The warm moist air has to be cooled down and in the process ice forms, leading to more frequent defrosting as the ice builds up. Keep evaporators and condensers clean and unobstructed If your freezer costs £1,500 a year to run, then it could cost you an extra £150 if you allow the evaporator temperature to rise by 3ºC, twice this amount if the condenser temperature also rises by 3ºC. Fix all refrigerant leaks Refrigerant gas is expensive and lack of it will severely limit the performance of your system and add to the running costs. Keep door seals in good condition Replacing a bad door seal with a good one will often pay for itself in less than 12 months. Insulate refrigerant pipes Pipe insulation is very good value for money and will keep running costs down. Often the outlay can be recovered in less than 2 years. At little or no cost, your business could save up to 20% off your refrigeration energy Ensure adequate insulation around the cooled space consumption costs. Insulation is very good value for money and will keep running costs down. Often the outlay can be recovered in less than 3 years.RefrigerationRefrigeration energy consumption costs British industry some £300 A small percentage reduction in refrigeration energy could represent Need to know more about refrigeration?million a year and rising. In certain sectors – notably food and drink, huge financial savings. Many refrigeration plants can be improved to The following organisations can all help with queries about refrigeration and the various methods of control:chemicals, food supermarkets and cold storage, it accounts for save up to 20% of their energy consumption. Much of this can be The Carbon Trust www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy Tel 0800 085 2005a significant proportion of overall site energy costs. done at little or no cost with paybacks on investment of well under two years being the norm. The British Refrigeration Association www.feta.co.uk Tel 0118 940 3416 The Institute of Refrigeration www.ior.org.uk Tel 020 8647 7033
  15. 15. energy efficiency advice for business customers 29 Process plant Shut down unnecessary plant Preventing any unwanted plant from running will save the full input power to the plant. For example, a 15kW kiln turned off at night when not needed could save over £2,000 in a year. Plan for energy efficiency in new installations An investment in energy efficiency at an early stage could yield good results in the longer term. Ensure plant is used at its optimum level It’s always better to run plant at its optimum, as this is when efficiency is greatest. At quiet times, it may be better to shutdown the plant and allow for the workload to build up again. Monitor energy performance of key processes Monitoring consumption patterns on a regular basis will help keep track of costs, but may also give an early indication of equipment failure, as increasing consumption is often associated with imminent plant failure. Ensure plant is properly maintained Poorly maintained plant could use up to 30% (sometimes more) energy for the same production and is more likely to break down. Consider options for improved controls for existing processes Why leave plant switched on when A control system that maximises throughput but minimises costs is the ideal set-up and could lead to savings. it’s sitting idle? Consider opportunities for heat recovery This could yield up to 40% of your compressor’s input power as a ‘free’ heat source.Process plantProcess plant covers a diverse range of equipment, including dryers, Process plant is often overlooked when people are thinking aboutfurnaces, baking ovens, mixers and blenders, crushers and grinders, energy efficiency because it’s seen as too specialist. Also product Need to know more about process plant?tanks and vats, treatment booths and many others used for specialist quality comes first and there’s often a great reluctance to change The following organisation can help with queries about process plant and the various methods of control:jobs in industry. anything in case the product is affected. The Carbon Trust www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy Tel 0800 085 2005
  16. 16. energy efficiency advice for business customers 31 Combined heat and power Combined Heat and Power (CHP) is the simultaneous generation of Most CHP plants run on natural gas and fuel inputs. Electricity heat and power, usually electricity, in a single process. Because the outputs from Good Quality CHP are exempt from the Climate heat is recovered and used, the overall efficiency of the process is Change levy. much greater than the more traditional methods of generating CHP plant is available in a wide range of sizes and therefore can electricity where the waste heat is generally discarded. be tailored to many applications. The Government is promoting CHP as a key technology and is looking CHP plant is capital intensive. In the right circumstances energy services to substantially increase both the output and the number of plants companies may fund the plant in exchange for long term contracts to operating by 2010. supply heat and power from the plant. Generally, CHP plant produces twice as much heat as power, so where there’s a need for heat (or cooling) and power in the ratio 2:1 for long periods (typically 4,500 hours per year or more), CHP may be a valid option. The heat doesn’t need to be used directly where the CHP plant is located. However, the further it needs to travel, the greater the costs become and the overall efficiency will also drop. By using absorption chillers, it’s possible to produce cooling from heat but this will add to the cost.By utilising waste heat, CHP is a more efficient process thantraditional generation methods. Need to know more about CHP? The following organisations can all help with queries about CHP and the various methods of control: The Carbon Trust www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy Tel 0800 085 2005 Combined Heat & Power Association www.chpa.co.uk Tel 020 7828 4077 Combined Heat & Power Club www.chpclub.com
  17. 17. energy efficiency advice for business customers 33 Renewable energy Renewable energy is the name given to energy sources that occur Renewable energy hasn’t been widely available in the past but naturally and continuously in the environment such as energy from it’s a developing area and will continue to grow into the future. the sun, wind, biomass, river flows, waves, currents and tides. Renewable energy is exempt from the Climate Change Levy. They tend to be inexhaustible supplies of energy, which are mostly non-polluting.Renewable energy is exempt from theClimate Change Levy. Need to know more about renewable energy? The following organisations can all help with queries about renewable energy and the various methods of control: The Renewable Power association www.r-p-a.org.uk Tel 020 7747 1830 The Energy Saving Trust www.est.org.uk Tel 020 7222 0101
  18. 18. energy efficiency advice for business customers 35 Funding for energy efficiency Own resources The Enhanced Capital Allowance scheme The Enhanced Capital Allowance (ECA) scheme offers tax incentives Many energy efficiency opportunities cost nothing to implement and to businesses that invest in energy saving equipment and enables others can be done at minimal cost, making them very attractive them to claim 100% first year capital allowances on investments propositions. The payback period can also be quite short. However, in approved energy saving equipment. Businesses are now able to some energy efficiency improvements may require greater write off the whole cost of their investment against their taxable investment (time and money) so will require more careful profits for the period during which they make the investment. consideration. When your own resources are not sufficient to cover all of the cost, there may be help available from the following sources: The energy technology list contains all of the equipment that qualifies for the ECA scheme. The list is updated regularly. The technologies Grants that currently appear on the Energy Technology List include: air-to-air Grants are available to assist with the capital costs of an energy energy recovery, automatic monitoring and targeting, boilers, efficiency investment. All have eligibility criteria, so not all businesses combined heat and power (CHP), compact heat exchangers, will qualify. Grants may be for specific customer groups, particular compressed air equipment, heat pumps for space heating, types of investment projects, or only available in certain areas of the HVAC zone controls, lighting, motors, pipework insulation, country. A good starting point for information on grants is the Energy refrigeration equipment, solar thermal systems, thermal screens, Saving Trust visit www.est.org.uk or call 020 7222 0101. variable speed drives, warm air and radiant heaters. For full details Loans visit the scheme’s website at www.eca.gov.uk or call Interest free loans for energy efficiency investments may be available, The Carbon Trust Energy Helpline on 0800 085 2005. particularly for Small to Medium Enterprises (SME’s), where the loan is repaid from the energy savings realised. The amount available fromWhere greater investment is required there are The Carbon Trust scheme is currently £5,000 to £100,000 at 0%many sources of funding. interest and no fees. More details are available on their website at www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy/pages/page_72.asp
  19. 19. energy efficiency advice for business customers 37Help from npower Help from other organisations ESTA www.esta.org.ukBusiness The Carbon Trust has been established by the The Energy Saving Trust or phone 07041 49 20 49 (EST) is the UK’s leadingnpower business has an energy efficiency helpline that provides Government to provide a range of programmes organisation working towards The Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE)access to industry experts who are skilled in a wide range of and initiatives to help businesses exploit the sustainable and efficient produces a range of publications (there may be a charge) on energyenergy-related disciplines. They provide informed and up-to-date commercial opportunities available by moving towards a low carbon use of energy by households and small organisations. The EST runsenergy efficiency advice for business customers we can answer your efficiency issues related to buildings. CIBSE also offers professional economy. The Carbon Trust is the UK’s principal energy efficiency a network of local Energy Efficiency Advice Centres (EEACs) providing training, education and membership services. For furtherquestions and provide details of other specialist organisations that information and advice programme for organisations in both the free, impartial and bespoke advice to small businesses and information contact:may be able to help further. households throughout the UK. EST provides practical assistance and public and private sectors. The Carbon Trust provides information,npower business energy efficiency helpline advises on potential sources of grant funding to help SME’s realise the CIBSE0845 070 4019† advice, practical help and financial support to help businesses save cost and environmental benefits available from the adoption of www.cibse.org energy. They promote best practice through free publications and energy saving measures. The EST is a non-profit organisation funded or phone 020 8675 5211 events. They also encourage action with advice and support at every by government and the private sector. For further information onResidential these issues or advice on energy efficiency measures, contact: The Energy Institute provides individuals and organisations with stage from planning to design, implementation and management. professional training, education and membership services in energynpower has a booklet called ‘Using Electricity and Gas Efficiently For further information on these services or for advice on energy The Energy Saving Trust and environmental management and awareness. It is an NVQ deliveryin your Home’ which you can get by calling our free energy efficiency efficiency measures, contact: www.est.org.uk centre and accrediting body for a variety of company and universityhelpline line. We can also provide fact sheets containing low-cost or phone 020 7222 0101 courses. For further information contact:hints and other ways to use energy efficiently. Customers may also The Carbon Trustbe able to get advice on grants towards a range of energy efficiency www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy Other sources of information: The Energy Institutemeasures. This may include financial help towards insulation, or phone 0800 085 2005 www.energyinst.org.ukreplacement boilers and heating controls, energy efficient appliances Further information on the Climate Change Levy and or phone 020 7467 7100and low energy lighting. Contact the Carbon Trust to access the following services: Climate Change Agreements can be found on the Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) and The National Energy Foundation manages the Energy Efficiencynpower residential energy efficiency helpline • Free information and advice, whether basic or technical HM Customs and Excise websites: Accreditation Scheme which provides independent verification of the0800 02 22 00 †† • Professional, independent and objective advice about energy efficient and environmentally conscious www.defra.gov.uk/environment/climatechange/index.htm achievements of organisations implementing energy efficiency andFor more advice on energy efficiency measures for your business building design www.hmce.gov.uk/business/othertaxes/ccl.htm management measures. For further information contact:and home visit npower.com • Free on-site energy surveys, conducted by a professional energy The Energy Systems Trade Association (ESTA) is an energy The National Energy Foundation consultant who will draw up an action plan showing how your management trade association, focusing on demand side energy www.nef.org.uk business could save money, save energy and reduce emissions efficiency of buildings, building services and process services in the or phone 01908 665555 (usually for larger customers spending over £50,000 per year non-domestic sector. ESTA represents over 100 suppliers of products on energy and subject to availability and eligibility criteria) and services covering the energy efficient monitoring, control, • Possible funding for energy efficiency improvements operation and management of buildings, building services and (subject to availability and eligibility criteria) process services. For further information contact: