Rene Magritte, One Point Perspective and Surrealism

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Rene Magritte used the juxtaposition of everyday objects in unique combination with one point perspective to create many beautiful and poetic surrealistic artworks.

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  • Magriette is a Belgian Artist who worked during the early and mid 1900’s. Magritte's work frequently displays a juxtaposition of ordinary objects in an unusual context, giving new meanings to familiar things. The representational use of objects as other than what they seem is typified in his painting.
  • There are two illusions here…both size (bird to ocean), time (overcast day, blue sky day)
  • Is the tree a tree or is it a leaf? If it is a leaf, why are the people so small? If it is a tree, what is that ball? Discuss the importance of the people in this picture.
  • Overlap of the buildings and the overlape of the buildings over the man’s leg make the aerial perspective space in this painting
  • Both size and the placement of the trunks (moving up in the space) indicate the use of aerial perspective
  • This slide has both aerial and one point. The size difference in the repeated image of the man in aerial, as well as the overlap of the figures with the buildings. The windows in the building in the foreground have orthogonal lines leading to a vanishing point.
  • Students can use the table, stairs, wall-ceiling orthogonal lines to locate a vanishing point
  • The vanishing point will be located off the painting to the left using the top and bottom of the side of the bridge.
  • Begin to discuss the use of size and get opinions from students what they think is “really” big and small in the painting. You can also look at where the vanishing point would be and how the floorboards and bed are drawn using the vanishing point.
  • Rene Magritte, One Point Perspective and Surrealism

    1. 1. Rene Magritte SurrealismAnd One Point Perspective
    2. 2. Surrealismcreates art inwhich theimpossiblebecomes “real”through adisparity(difference) ofwhat we seeand what weknow aboutreality!
    3. 3. What is “Disparity of Realities” Things that don’t make sense together… Surrealists, like Magritte used Realism in art to make things appear to be true that could never be true in real life. Magritte often used one point perspective and size to create his disparities!
    4. 4. How does sizecreate a disparityin this painting?(What in thepicture helps?)What feelings doesit create?How would it bedifferent if the treedid not resemble aleaf?
    5. 5. Perspective: The illusion of space in a work of artAerial Perspective is One Point Perspective:the use of size, The mathmatical useoverlap, or change in of a “vanishing Point”value from light to in an work of art thatdark to create the is used by the artistillusion of space in an to more formally andartwork exactly create the illusion of space in a work of art
    6. 6. How is spacecreated inthis painting?Is it Aerial orOne PointPerspective?How can youtell?
    7. 7. What createsthe illusion ofspace in thisartwork?Can you identifywhat is “wrong”with thispicture?
    8. 8. What do youthink…Aerialor One pointPerspective?Giveexamples tosupport yourdecision!
    9. 9. Is there avanishingpointhere?What aresome waysto find it?Namesomeunusualaspects ofthis roomandfurniture.
    10. 10. Where wouldthe vanishingpoint from thispainting belocated? Doyou think thatone pointperspectivehelps thispicture seemmore real?
    11. 11. Find thevanishingpoint andthenthinkaboutwhat is“odd” inthispainting!
    12. 12. Name someof the“everyday”objects youfind in thisartwork…
    13. 13. Do you think it’s easy to find the vanishing point here? What do you think is happening in this painting? Could you make a similar work of art? What would you put in your room?Have you noticed the one point perspective is used whendrawing buildings…aerials in the “outdoors”?

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