CGT 106: The evolution of the Internet, the Web and social networks

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A quick overview of how the Internet, the Web and social networks evolved.

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CGT 106: The evolution of the Internet, the Web and social networks

  1. 1. The History of the Internet
  2. 2. In the beginning... ...Al Gore did NOT invent the Internet. Footnote: He never said he did.
  3. 3. It starts with the Cold War
  4. 4. U.S. forms ARPA in response
  5. 5. Communications is vital... Circuit switching
  6. 6. ...but vulnerable to nuclear attack Circuit switching
  7. 7. Networks are the answer... J.C.R. Licklider's “Intergalactic Network” of computers
  8. 8. ...along with packet switching
  9. 9. “Bring on the Commies!” Packets can route around damage caused by nuclear attack
  10. 10. 1969: ARPAnet is born
  11. 11. The first LOGIN message  L …  O …  G (computer crashed)
  12. 12. ARPAnet grows quickly
  13. 13. Soon ARPAnet is too complex
  14. 14. Protocols don't match up
  15. 15. Along comes Vinton Cerf...
  16. 16. ...who has developed TCP/IP...
  17. 17. TCP/IP lets networks... ...talk easily with one another.
  18. 18. 1990: ARPAnet shuts down
  19. 19. The Internet takes its place
  20. 20. Al Gore plays a significant role  First elected official to recognize potential of computers in education, business and other non-military uses.  Sponsors landmark legislation in 1991, which provided funding for high-performance computing.  The so-called Gore Bill leads to development of Mosaic, the first graphical web browser, which eventually leads to Firefox.
  21. 21. In 1991, Tim Berners-Lee...
  22. 22. ...invents the WorldWideWeb
  23. 23. Instead of connecting networks...
  24. 24. ...the Web connects pages...
  25. 25. ...using hyperlinks
  26. 26. The first web page
  27. 27. The Oregon connection Douglas Engelbart (1925 – July 2, 2013)  Helps develop hypertext in 1960s  First public demo of hypertext in 1968  Born in Portland  Oregon State College engineering graduate
  28. 28. The rise of social networks
  29. 29. Instead of connecting networks...
  30. 30. ...instead of connecting pages...
  31. 31. Social networks connect...
  32. 32. ...people
  33. 33. 1971: the start of social media? Ray Tomlinson sends the world's first e-mail to himself
  34. 34. 1994: the first recognized blog
  35. 35. 2002: Friendster One of the first major social-networking sites
  36. 36. 2002: Last.fm Social network for music lovers
  37. 37. 2003: WordPress WordPress and other blogging platforms proliferate
  38. 38. 2003: LinkedIn For professional networking and career advancement
  39. 39. 2003: MySpace World's first major social network
  40. 40. 2004: Thefacebook (later Facebook)  Mark Zuckerberg launches the social network from his Harvard dorm room  Facebook opens in 2006 to anyone 13 and older with a valid e-mail address  Facebook goes public in 2012
  41. 41. 2005: YouTube video-sharing
  42. 42. 2006: Twitter social-messaging History's first tweet. It wasn't about his lunch.
  43. 43. 2007: Tumblr Tumblr makes blogging easy and visual
  44. 44. 2009: “Unfriend” added to dictionary
  45. 45. 2010: Instagram It's like Photoshop-meets-social-networking
  46. 46. 2010: Pinterest Scrapbook? Pinboard? Social network? All of the above
  47. 47. 2010: Friendster reborn... ...as a social-gaming network
  48. 48. 2011: Google+ Google's answer to Facebook
  49. 49. 2012: Facebook reaches... 1 BILLION USERS
  50. 50. 2013: Vine Sharing 6-second vides with the world
  51. 51. What's coming next?
  52. 52. CGT 106 Social Media Exploration Steve Woodward, Instructor srwoodward@clark.edu Twitter: @nozzlsteve

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