Cm3 safety in the lab

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by : Ms. Crizelda Liwanag

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Cm3 safety in the lab

  1. 1. SAFETY in the Clinical Laboratory
  2. 2. Psalm 24: 4-5 He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who does not lift up his soul to what is false and does not swear deceitfully. He will receive blessing from the Lord and righteousness from the God of His salvation.
  3. 3. OUTLINE • Safety Hazards • Sources of Hazards • How to deal with hazards
  4. 4. SAFETY HAZARDS Biological Sharp Chemical Radioactive Electrical Fire/explosive Physical
  5. 5. Biological Hazards Source • Specimen • Fomites • Patients Possible infection • Bacterial • Fungal • Viral • parasitic
  6. 6. Chain of Infection Host TransmissionSource
  7. 7. Universal Precautions (UP) All patients are considered to be possible carriers of bloodborne pathogens It excluded urine and other body fluids as potentially infectious. By CDC and OSHA
  8. 8. Body Substance Isolation (BSI) All body fluids and moist body substances are considered to be potentially infectious. Hand washing is NOT recommended after the removal of gloves.
  9. 9. Standard Precautions (SP) Treat all biological specimens as potentially infectious.
  10. 10. SP
  11. 11. • Latex • Powder free nitrile • Cotton • Lightweight cotton • Cut-resistant • Finger cots • Heavy duty neoprene • Polyethylene • Rubber SP
  12. 12. SP • Spill control • Spill clean-up • Decontamination
  13. 13. SP • Environmental protection • Waste disposal
  14. 14. What is the disinfectant of choice for bloodborne pathogens? SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE (1:10) How are biological wastes disposed? Incineration, autoclaving or pickup by certified hazardous waste company
  15. 15. Sharp hazards Possible Injury • Cuts, punctures • Bloodborne pathogen exposure
  16. 16. Chemical Hazards Source • Preservatives • Reagents Possible Injury • Exposure to toxic, carcinogenic, or caustic agents
  17. 17. • Chemical spills • Chemical handling • Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) • Chemical labeling • Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Chemical Hazards
  18. 18. Radioactive hazards The degree of radiation exposure is related to the combination of time, distance and shielding. Source • Equipment • Radioisotopes Possible injury • Radiation exposure
  19. 19. Electrical Hazards Sources • Ungrounded or wet equipment • Frayed cords Possible injury • Burns • shock
  20. 20. Fire hazards Sources • Bunsen burners • Organic chemicals (*flash point) – Combustible – Flammable Possible injury • Burns • Dismemberment ECAR
  21. 21. Using the fire extinguisher • PULL...Pull the pin. (lock latch, pressing a puncture lever, or other motion) • AIM...Aim low, pointing the extinguisher nozzle at the base of the fire. • SQUEEZE...Squeeze the handle. • SWEEP...Sweep from side to side at the base of the fire until it appears to be out. Watch the fire area in case fire breaks out again, and repeat use of the extinguisher if necessary.
  22. 22. Physical hazards • Running • Wet floors • Proper body movements • Long Hair • Jewelry • Working area • Closed shoes

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