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  1. 1. The “Final Solution”<br />By: Zachary Nowak<br />
  2. 2. Who did it involve?<br />Germans vs. Jews<br />Jews had faced anti-Semitism throughout history<br />Since ancient times<br />Philo of Alexandria (38 AD)<br />Anti-Semitism drastically escalated<br />Kristallnacht<br />
  3. 3. Development:<br />“Endlosung der Judenfrague”<br />Final solution to the Jewish question<br />The final stage for Jewish elimination<br />Previously described Nuremburg Laws<br />Eventually meant the liquidation of Jews<br />Wannsee Villa<br />
  4. 4. Implementation (in Steps)<br />Forced to wear Star of David<br />Sent to overcrowded ghettos<br />Warsaw ghetto = 30% pop., 2.4 % area<br />From ghetto to concentration camps<br />Slave labor or immediate gassing<br />Approx. 23 main camps, 900 sub-camps<br />Jews in a ghetto<br />
  5. 5. HUGE Number of camps<br />Well known camps<br />Auschwitz, Dachau, Treblinka, Sobibor, etc.<br />Massive amounts of sub-camps<br />Not as well known<br />Dachau<br />Approx.<br />100<br />sub-camps<br />
  6. 6. Getting to the camps:<br />Rounded up in German occupied territory<br />Sometimes brutally, sometimes tricked<br />Forced onto cattle cars<br />Long trip to concentration camp<br />Often many died on the way<br />Ex.: Black Sabbath<br />Freedom Square, Thessaloniki Greece (1942)<br />
  7. 7. Immediate Liquidation<br />From train to selection platform<br />Left = Death<br />Sent to gas chamber<br />From gas chambers to crematorium<br />Killed by guards<br />Sonderkommando<br />
  8. 8. Slave Labor<br />Sent to work all day<br />Men and women separated<br />Common latrine<br />From work to sleep<br />Multiple people to a bunk<br />Notice emaciation<br />
  9. 9. Slave Labor (Contd.)<br />Too weak = death<br />Being sick = death<br />Taking extra food = death<br />Living too long = death<br />Sometimes killed on a whim<br />The ultimate Nazi goal = death<br />Majority of prisoners died<br />
  10. 10. Goal…<br />Complete annihilation of the Jewish population<br />Slave labor = byproduct of elimination<br />Hitler diverted trains to transport Jews<br />Lebensraum = living room<br />Scapegoat the Jews<br />They cause all problems for Germany<br />Used propaganda and lies against Jews<br />
  11. 11. Distinctive Features<br />Compliance of Germany’s institutions<br />Dominance of ideology<br />Scale of genocide<br />Medical experiments<br />New methods of mass murder<br />Zyklon-B<br />1942: 8,000 Jews gassed daily (Auschwitz)<br />
  12. 12. Death Marches<br />Between autumn 1944 and April 1945<br />Sent Jews further into the Reich<br />Get rid of witnesses<br />Maintain prisoners to produce armaments<br />Use prisoners as bargaining chips<br />Continued until last days of war<br />
  13. 13. Resistance<br />Large-scale resistance was difficult<br />Government, economy, and industry were involved<br />There were some resistance cases<br />Many private<br />Some public<br />Even some inside the camps themselves<br />
  14. 14. Resistance<br />Example of public resistance<br />Saved approx. 1,100 Jews<br />Needed workers for his factory<br />Opportunistic or moralistic?<br />Only Nazi buried on Mount Zion<br />Movie: “Schindler’s List”<br />
  15. 15. Effectiveness<br />Despite resistance, 6 million Jews killed<br />Approx. 64% in Nazi controlled territories<br />Nazi leaders claimed they “followed orders”<br />Anti-Semitism was rampant in Germany<br />Nuremburg Trials<br />Held some Nazi leaders accountable<br />
  16. 16. Picture Credits:(in order of appearance)<br />billium12, “hitler1” April 11,2010 via Flikr, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />Jeff Barnes, “Burning of a synagogue” December 22, 2005 via Flikr, Creative Commons Attribution<br />onlinehero, “Inside the Wannassee Villa” August 12, 2008, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />Rhys Alton, “Temple Beth Hatfiloh – Star of David” August 1, 2010, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />dalbera, “Le Memorial aux juifsassassinesd’Europe (Berlin)” July 26, 2008, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />garethmurran, “Map of Concentration Camps” June, 24, 2004, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />gichristof, “Black Sabbath” April 2, 2009, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />Pablo Nicolas TaibiCicare, “Auschwitz I (Oswiecim)” October 14, 2008, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />Joe Goldberg, “Crematorium Oven” March 22, 2010, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />Joe Goldberg, “Barracks” March 22, 2010, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />Blatant News, “Jewish victims of the Nazi Holocaust during World War 2” October 15, 2009, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />Ian Rutherford, “Oskar Schindler’s Factory” May 19, 2007, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />_Nigel, “Schindler” January 19, 2009, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “Holocaust Encyclopedia.” Accessed 9/25/2010. <br />