THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
23.09.13
The industrial
revolution started in
England in the last
decades of the
XVIIIth century...
23.09.13
THE INDUSTRY
DEVELOPED
IN XIX CENTURY
IN POLAND
23.09.13
In XIX century Poland was
divided into three parts
between Russia, Austria
and Prusy,
so the industrial revolutio...
23.09.13
- Śląsk – mining and steel
industry (mines of iron,
stone coal and zinc ores)
- Łódź and Żyrardów –
textile indus...
23.09.13
In this time many great Polish scientists left
the country, because of difficult political
situation, so a lot of...
23.09.13
Kazimierz Gzowski – he built the
bridge between Canada and USA
above Niagara Falls.
23.09.13
Gabriel Narutowicz – he built
hydroelectric power station in
Switzerland and other
countries.
23.09.13
Ignacy Mościcki – he invented a method
of getting synthetic fertilizer.
23.09.13
Michał Doliwo-Dobrowolski – he worked
on electricity and he invented many
useful things
23.09.13
In Poland it is worth to mention:
- Zygmunt Wróblewski and Karol Olszewski –
they condensed oxygen and nitrogen i...
INDUSTRY IN FRANCE
23.09.13
Coal mine
Iron and steel industry
Cloth industry
Industrial area
Main industrial town
Financia...
23.09.13
Cloth industry
in Roubaix,
Northern
France ( Motte-
Bossut firm)
Iron and steel industry in
Uckange, Lorraine
Coa...
23.09.13
Working conditions
were very hard:
-children from 6
years old worked in
the mines and cloth
industries.
- women a...
By the end of the XIXth century,
after many strikes, laws had
improved the working condition
• 1813 : employing children u...
FRENCH RAILWAY
23.09.13
1831: first
locomotive between
Lyon and Saint-
Etienne
1831 First locomotive
between Lyon and Sain...
23.09.13
23.09.13
Towns change: they grow,
they are more modern:
underground, electricity,
large avenues…
48% of French inhabitants...
Industrialisation
in Norway
Development in the 19th and
beginning of the 20th century
Norway in the beginning
of the 19th century
• Norway was a peasant society.
• There were about 883 000 Norwegians and abou...
Farm from the 19th
century
First development of industry
from the mid 19th century
• New, manufacturing industries
arrived in Norway from Great
Brita...
Textile industry was dominated by women
Several new industries
• Development in iron and metal industry.
• Norway started producing its own machines.
• Companies ...
Development of new industrial towns
Høyanger 1917, one year after
the work on establishing
industry began
Høyanger 1934
Th...
Development in infrastructure
and migration
• New roads built.
• New railways made it much easier to travel and send mail ...
23.09.13
Authors:
Alicja Pazder
Olga Zięba
Antonello Sacchi
Enrico Lanzilotti
Cosimo Loparco
Yanis Joachim
Louis Hecq
Kris...
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The industry developed

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  • The industry developed

    1. 1. THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 23.09.13 The industrial revolution started in England in the last decades of the XVIIIth century, and it spread ou to other European countries very soon. It had huge consequences on production, society, towns, ideologies…
    2. 2. 23.09.13 THE INDUSTRY DEVELOPED IN XIX CENTURY IN POLAND
    3. 3. 23.09.13 In XIX century Poland was divided into three parts between Russia, Austria and Prusy, so the industrial revolution was not as strong as in other parts of Europe. The industry developed the best in German part then in Russian and finally in Austrian land.
    4. 4. 23.09.13 - Śląsk – mining and steel industry (mines of iron, stone coal and zinc ores) - Łódź and Żyrardów – textile industry - Dąbrowa Górnicza – heavy industry There were used modern methods and equipment.
    5. 5. 23.09.13 In this time many great Polish scientists left the country, because of difficult political situation, so a lot of inventions were originated abroad. –he built Trans-Andean Railways; it is the second highest in the world. Ernest Malinowski
    6. 6. 23.09.13 Kazimierz Gzowski – he built the bridge between Canada and USA above Niagara Falls.
    7. 7. 23.09.13 Gabriel Narutowicz – he built hydroelectric power station in Switzerland and other countries.
    8. 8. 23.09.13 Ignacy Mościcki – he invented a method of getting synthetic fertilizer.
    9. 9. 23.09.13 Michał Doliwo-Dobrowolski – he worked on electricity and he invented many useful things
    10. 10. 23.09.13 In Poland it is worth to mention: - Zygmunt Wróblewski and Karol Olszewski – they condensed oxygen and nitrogen in low temperature. - Ignacy Łukasiewicz – he founded first oil mine in the world and created oil lamp. Wróblewski and Olszewski Ignacy Łukasiewicz
    11. 11. INDUSTRY IN FRANCE 23.09.13 Coal mine Iron and steel industry Cloth industry Industrial area Main industrial town Financial place The main French industrial areas are located in - Northen France - Paris - Lyon
    12. 12. 23.09.13 Cloth industry in Roubaix, Northern France ( Motte- Bossut firm) Iron and steel industry in Uckange, Lorraine Coal pit on Northern France
    13. 13. 23.09.13 Working conditions were very hard: -children from 6 years old worked in the mines and cloth industries. - women and childre were very poorly paid, half of what men got - 15 hours work a day - no safe working conditions -- hard rules in the firm
    14. 14. By the end of the XIXth century, after many strikes, laws had improved the working condition • 1813 : employing children under 10 in the pits is forbidden • 1841 : rules about childre working time • 1874 : creation of Labour inspectors; children’s work forbidden under 12. • 1893 : law about safety and healthyness at work; workday for children mustn’t excess 10 hours • 1914: some jobs are forbidden for women and children 23.09.13
    15. 15. FRENCH RAILWAY 23.09.13 1831: first locomotive between Lyon and Saint- Etienne 1831 First locomotive between Lyon and Saint- Etienne 1837: first train for passengers between Paris and Saint-Germain-en- Laye
    16. 16. 23.09.13
    17. 17. 23.09.13 Towns change: they grow, they are more modern: underground, electricity, large avenues… 48% of French inhabitants live in towns
    18. 18. Industrialisation in Norway Development in the 19th and beginning of the 20th century
    19. 19. Norway in the beginning of the 19th century • Norway was a peasant society. • There were about 883 000 Norwegians and about 80% of these lived on agriculture. • Other important sections of the economy were fisheries and forestry. • Industry consisted of small businesses manufacturing soap, bricks, glass, iron furnaces and beer. • Production was small and the majority of operations performed by hand.
    20. 20. Farm from the 19th century
    21. 21. First development of industry from the mid 19th century • New, manufacturing industries arrived in Norway from Great Britain in the 1840s. • Knowledge and machines imported from England. • The first textile mills built in Christiania (later called Oslo) and near Trondheim and Bergen. • Engineering workshops came around the same date. • Cellulose factories came in the 1860s and 1870s.
    22. 22. Textile industry was dominated by women
    23. 23. Several new industries • Development in iron and metal industry. • Norway started producing its own machines. • Companies that used Norwegian ingredients (fish and timber) in production for a foreign market appeared in the 1870s. • Canning and pulp industry date from this period. • The power of waterfalls harnessed, factories began using electricity. • The exploitation of hydroelectric power lead to construction of electrochemical factories producing e.g. aluminium, zinc, nitrate, carbide.
    24. 24. Development of new industrial towns Høyanger 1917, one year after the work on establishing industry began Høyanger 1934 The aluminium factory today
    25. 25. Development in infrastructure and migration • New roads built. • New railways made it much easier to travel and send mail and packages. • The steamer, the postal and telegraphic services linked the different parts of the country. • The urban population increased from 15% to 30% of the total population between 1865 and 1900.
    26. 26. 23.09.13 Authors: Alicja Pazder Olga Zięba Antonello Sacchi Enrico Lanzilotti Cosimo Loparco Yanis Joachim Louis Hecq Kristin Søreide, Basema Abujayyab, Eirin Eldevik

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