THE PRESENT PERFECT RULEAffirmative:IWe Have + Past ParticipleYouTheyHeShe Has +Past ParticipleIt
Negative:IWe Have + Not + Past ParticipleYouThey He has not finished from eating.HeShe Has + Not +Past ParticipleIt
Questions:They have arrived today.Have they arrived? So, the structure of the question is:He has arrived today. Have/Has+ Subject +Past Participle?Has he arrived?
Positive Negative Question I have notI / you / we / the y I have eaten. Have I eaten? eaten. He has He has nothe / she / it Has he eaten? eaten. eaten.
3-action that stopped recentlyExample: She has cooked dinner.4-finished action that has an influence on the presentExample: I have lost my key.5-action that has taken place once, never or several times before themoment of speakingExample: I have never been to Australia.
USES OF PRESENT PERFECT1-puts emphasis on the resultExample: She has written five letters.2- action that is still going onExample: School has not started yet.
FOR & SINCEWe use for with a period of time, for example: a few days, half anhour, two years. We use since with the time when the actionstarted, for example: last year, June 8, I met you.Examples I have had this computer for about a year. I havent seen Julia since September.
EXERCISEPut in the verbs in brackets into the gaps. Use Present Perfect.Example: I _____________ my fathers car. (to wash)Answer: I have washed my fathers car.1) Karen -----------------------------me an e-mail. (to send)2) Dave and Pat ----------------------------the museum. (to visit)3) I ----------------------at the pet shop. (to be)