Past Tense

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It's about Past Tense. It has an interesting explanation as well as activities.

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Past Tense

  1. 1. THE PAST SIMPLE Nouf Ahmad Al-Harbi
  2. 2. THE TYPES OF VERBS <ul><li> There are many types of verbs, but we are going to talk about </li></ul><ul><li>. Regular Verbs and Irregular Verbs - A regular verb (also known as a weak verb ) forms its past tense and past participle by adding -d or -ed (or in some cases -t ) to the base form : &quot;We finished the project.&quot; - An irregular verb (also known as a strong verb ) doesn't form the past tense by adding -d or -ed : &quot;Gus ate the wrapper on his candy bar.&quot; </li></ul>
  3. 3. REGULAR VERBS FORM <ul><li>Adding -ed to verbs with all pronouns </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I- He- It..... </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Walk  walk ed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Work  work ed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stay  stay ed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Play  play ed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. EXCEPTIONS <ul><li>1) trap– tra pped This verb ends with one vowel + one consonant, so you need to double the consonant. </li></ul><ul><li>2) shar e – shar ed </li></ul><ul><li>This verb ends with e, so you just need to add D. </li></ul><ul><li>3) re l y – rel ied </li></ul><ul><li> This verb ends with consonant + y, so you need to change the y to i and add -ED. </li></ul><ul><li>4) pani c – pani cked </li></ul><ul><li>This verb ends with –c, so you need to add –ked. </li></ul>
  5. 5. IRREGULAR VERBS FORM <ul><li>The form CHANGES from infinitives, usually with a vowel change. * </li></ul><ul><li>* Can be grouped according to certain change patterns, which helps to memorize them. </li></ul>
  6. 6. SOME IRREGULAR VERBS’ EXAMPLES
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>he </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>she </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>it </li></ul></ul>VERB TO BE <ul><li>you </li></ul><ul><li>We </li></ul><ul><li>they </li></ul>was were
  8. 8. NEGATIVE SENTENCES <ul><li>DID NOT (Didn’t)+ VERB (base form) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: I did not play yesterday </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> I didn’t play yesterday </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. NEGATIVE SENTENCES VERB TO BE <ul><li>WAS / WERE + NOT </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>I was not happy yesterday. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They were not at home last weekend. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. YES /NO QUESTIONS <ul><li>DID +S(subject)+ MV(main verb) +comp(rest of the sentence) ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Did you swim yesterday? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> - Yes, I did. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> - No, I didn’t . </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. YES /NO QUESTIONS VERB TO BE <ul><li>WAS / WERE + subject + rest of sentence ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Were you born in USA? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> - Yes, I was. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> - No, I wasn’t . </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. USES OF PAST SIMPLE 1-Completed Action in the Past Example: I saw a movie yesterday.
  13. 13. <ul><li>2-A Series of Completed Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>He arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met the others at 10:00. </li></ul>
  14. 14. 3-Duration in Past Example: I lived in London for three years.
  15. 15. 4-Habits in the Past Example: She studied French when she was a child.
  16. 16. <ul><li>5-Past Facts or Generalizations </li></ul><ul><li>Example : </li></ul><ul><li>I didn’t like banana before. </li></ul>
  17. 17. EXERCISES <ul><li>Change the following statements into past. </li></ul><ul><li>1. She ( drink ) milk this morning </li></ul><ul><li>2. I ( am not ) hungry yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>3. You ( are ) lazy last week. </li></ul><ul><li>4. ( Do ) your mother ( cook ) food yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>5. The gardener ( cut ) the trees last month. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>The End </li></ul>

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