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Amman citadel

Amman Citadel - Jordan

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Amman citadel

  1. 1. Amman Citadel The Amman Citadel is a national historic site at the center of downtown Amman, Jordan. Known in Arabic as Jabal al-Qal'a , located on a hill in the middle of Amman , the citadel was occupied as early as the Neolithic period . The Citadel is considered an important site becauseit has had a long history of occupation by many great civilizations. Mostof the buildings still visible at the site are fromthe Roman, Byzantine, and Umayyad periods. The major buildings at the site are the Temple of Hercules, a Byzantine church, and the Umayyad Palace. Now I’mgoing to show you some pictures that I captured on the site:  Temple of Hercules The great temple of Hercules (Herakls) Larger than any temple in Rome itself, The temple portico is framed by six 33-foot tall columns. The absence of columns on the rest of the structure, has convinced the excavator that the temple was actually left unfinished.
  2. 2.  Byzantine Church The Byzantine basilica was constructed in the 5th-6th centuries AD. Its naveis flanked by two rows of columns. The photo looks eastwards fromtheentrance down the length of the nave, towards the partially reconstructed semicircular wall of the apse.
  3. 3.  Governor's Palace and Mosque This view looking north shows the domed entrance (vestibule) to the Umayyad governor's palace(8th century) in the background. Thedome is a modern reconstruction that gives the building an odd, Pac-Man-like appearance. The entrance to the vestibule is the large semicircular archway below the dome. In the foreground arethe remains of the palace mosque, whosecolumn bases surround an open courtyard. A shortsection of the mosque's wall has been reerected here.
  4. 4.  Dome of the Vestibule The interior of the dome of the Umayyad vestibule is shown here. This is a modern recreation; the original dome's interior would havebeen painted and plastered, giving a much different appearance.
  5. 5.  Colossal Roman Statue These hand and elbow fragments belonged to colossalstatue fromthe Roman period and were found near the Temple Of Hercules.  The Ayyubidwatchtower
  6. 6.  A view toward the south “Amman”
  7. 7. Nour Mohammad Salo Islamic Architcture