Persuasive / Argumentative Essay Instructor Mihrican Yigit

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Persuasive / Argumentative Essay Instructor Mihrican Yigit

  1. 1. WEEK 6-7
  2. 2. WHAT DOES ARGUMENTATIVE- PERSUASIVE MEAN?  Argumentative essay means an essay which is based on discussion On the other hand, persuasive/persuade means convincing the reader about the topic. Therefore, your target is to change the reader’s mind and make him/her support your opinion .
  3. 3. BEFORE YOU START WRITING • BRAINSTORMING;  HAVE A POSITION; either agree or disagree/ either black or white; no gray  have DOUBLE LIST that includes your arguments and counterarguments (opposite ideas);My arguments Counterarguments • …………………… ……………………… • …………………… ………………………. • …............................ • ……………………
  4. 4. FOR EXAMPLE; “FAST FOOD IS BAD FOR YOU.” AGREE DOUBLE LIST My arguments Counterarguments Cause expensive medical problems * cheap High in calories *offer salads as a choice Salt raises blood pressure * salty food tastes good Easy to eat too often * convenient
  5. 5.  THE USUAL INTRODUCTION which includes HOOK, BSCKGROUND INFORMATION, and THESIS STATEMENT; The only difference is the THESIS STATEMENT; it should include your TOPIC and OPINION. It should be implied thesis statement, so there is no need to write your three arguments. INTRODUCTION THE PHRASES THAT CAN BE USED TO HIGHLIGHT OPINION;• It is clear that…(S+V)• It is obvious that…(S+V)• It is supported by many people that…(S+V)• It seems to be a good idea to (VERB)• It doesn’t seem to be a good idea to (VERB)• Many people agree that…(S+V)• Many people strongly believe that…(S+V)• In my point of view, …(S+V)• I agree that…(S+V)• I disagree that…(S+V)• I am for the idea that…(S+V)• I am against the idea that…(S+V)• I strongly believe that…(S+V)• I firmly believe that…(S+V)• In my point of view, …(S+V)• It seems to me that … …(S+V)• My opinion is that…(S+V)• In my opinion, …(S+V)• In my view, …(S+V)
  6. 6. TOPIC: SHOULD STUDENTS• Being a student requires obeying lots of rules whether you like or not. (HOOK) One of these rules WEAR UNFORM? FOR EXAMPLE is about the way you wear. If you are a student, you should wear some specific clothes in most of the countries all around the world. These specific clothes are uniforms. However, the necessity of wearing uniform has been argued recently. (BACKGROUND INFORMATION) I’m for the idea that it is necessary for the students to wear uniform. (THESIS STATEMENT; topic+opinion)
  7. 7. • 1st BODY=1st ARGUMENT TRANSITION*+TOPIC SENTENCE DETAILS/EXPLANATION/EXAMPLES BODY PARAGRAPHS2nd BODY=2nd ARGUMENT TRANSITION*+TOPIC SENTENCE DETAILS/EXPLANATION/EXAMPLES3rd BODY:3rd ARGUMENT TRANSITION*+TOPIC SENTENCE DETAILS/EXPLANATION/EXAMPLES4th BODY=COUNTERARGUMENTS+REFUTATION
  8. 8. TRANSITIONS-PHRASES THAT CAN BE USED IN BODY PARAGRAPHS The usage of transitions depends on you, but to organize your arguments in an effective way, you should use transitions: 1st BODY: First,…, First of all,… 2nd BODY: *Second(ly), S+V , *In addition, S+V *In addition to +Noun or Noun phrase, S+V, *Besides,S+V, *Besides+ Noun or Noun phrase, S+V, *Furthermore, S+V, Moreover, S+V 3rd BODY: *Second(ly), S+V , *In addition, S+V *In addition to +Noun or Noun phrase, S+V, *Besides,S+V, *Besides+ Noun or Noun phrase, S+V, *Furthermore, S+V, Moreover, S+V
  9. 9. 4THD BODY; THE PHRASES THAT CAN BE USED WHILE WRIRITING OPPOSITE IDEAS;Opponents of this idea claim that …Opponents of this idea maintain that … Those who disagree these ideas may say that … Those who disagree these ideas may assert that …Those who are against these ideas may say that …Those who are against these ideas may assert that …Some people may disagree with this idea.The put forward this idea because …They claim that … since … While Refuting;However,But/YetOn the other hand,
  10. 10. THE FIRST BODY; First of all, uniforms will stop other students by being judged on howthey look. For the children and teenagers you clothing style is veryimportant. If you wear nice and different clothes everyday, they thinkthat are rich. However, if you wear the same clothes everyday, they just“label” you as “poor”. Also, the children are really mean in terms judgingtheir peers. They cannot understand that everybody has differentfinancial conditions and some students may not afford to buy lots ofdifferent kind of clothes. However, they can find nothing to judge if theywear all the same school uniform. The price paid for the uniforms are thesame in everywhere.
  11. 11. THE SECOND BODY In addition, uniforms will save families’ money. When thestudents wear different clothes, the families should spend toomuch money on clothes. However, they only buy the schooluniforms if the students wear the same clothes. Also, only oneuniform is sometimes enough for two or three years. Forexample, I have two brothers and they had the same weightand the height when they were in primary school, so when myelder brother graduated from primary school, my youngerbrother started to wear his uniform. Thanks to this situation, myfather could save money and gave them extra pocket moneyto buy books and go to the cinema.
  12. 12. THE THIRD BODY Besides saving families’ money, uniforms will make it easier to identify thosewho are not from the school and therefore increase security/safety. Somepeople who have bad intentions may want to come to school and harm thestudents. If everybody wears the same clothes, we can easily recognize thesepeople and stop them since not wearing uniform means you don’t belong tothe school. However, if they wear whatever they want, we cannot identifythese people and they may cause several problems. This is a good way toguard students and prevent the people harm the students.
  13. 13. THE FORTH BODY Opponents of this idea claim that no matter what the studentsdress in, they will always find a way to pass judgment upon theirpeers. However the most cruel way to judge some is to talk abouthis/her appearance. If they wear the same clothes, they cannot talkabout the appearance. They also say that it is the students’ right towear whatever they want. In every society, there should be anorder, and you can supply this other with the rules. If you let thestudents free on this issue, numerous problems about discipline willoccur. Therefore, it is not a right to wear whatever they want.Furthermore, they assert that school uniforms are not as comfortableas their own clothes. Today, the students are very lucky because theuniforms are designed according the students’ taste. A decade agofor example, girls weren’t used to wear trousers, or T-shirts, but nowthey can wear and they are as comfortable as their own clothes.
  14. 14. CONCLUSIONIt is the usual conclusion with the transition, restatement, summary and theclosure. FOR EXAMPLE; Taking into account all the given opinions on wearing uniforms, I can conclude that students should wear uniforms in order to comply with rules and to have equality between each other. It is way to organize the schools. People ought to decide whether students should wear the uniform or not, yet I think that wearing uniform is a good idea while others oppose the idea.
  15. 15. Being the Same or Different? Being a student requires obeying lots of rules whether you like or not. One of these rules is about the way you wear. If you are astudent, you should wear some specific clothes in most of the countries all around the world. These specific clothes are uniforms.However, the necessity of wearing uniform has been argued recently. I’m for the idea that it is necessary for the students to wearuniform. First of all, uniforms will stop other students by being judged on how they look. For the children and teenagers you clothing style is veryimportant. If you wear nice and different clothes everyday, they think that are rich. However, if you wear the same clothes everyday,they just “label” you as “poor”. Also, the children are really mean in terms judging their peers. They cannot understand that everybodyhas different financial conditions and some students may not afford to buy lots of different kind of clothes. However, they can findnothing to judge if they wear all the same school uniform. The price paid for the uniforms are the same in everywhere. In addition, uniforms will save families’ money. When the students wear different clothes, the families should spend too much moneyon clothes. However, they only buy the school uniforms if the students wear the same clothes. Also, only one uniform is sometimesenough for two or three years. For example, I have two brothers and they had the same weight and the height when they were inprimary school, so when my elder brother graduated from primary school, my younger brother started to wear his uniform. Thanks to thissituation, my father could save money and gave them extra pocket money to buy books and go to the cinema. Besides saving families’ money, uniforms will make it easier to identify those who are not from the school and therefore increasesecurity/safety. Some people who have bad intentions may want to come to school and harm the students. If everybody wears thesame clothes, we can easily recognize these people and stop them since not wearing uniform means you don’t belong to the school.However, if they wear whatever they want, we cannot identify these people and they may cause several problems. This is a good wayto guard students and prevent the people harm the students. Opponents of this idea claim that no matter what the students dress in, they will always find a way to pass judgment upon theirpeers. However the most cruel way to judge some is to talk about his/her appearance. If they wear the same clothes, they cannot talkabout the appearance. They also say that it is the students’ right to wear whatever they want. In every society, there should be anorder, and you can supply this other with the rules. If you let the students free on this issue, numerous problems about discipline willoccur. Therefore, it is not a right to wear whatever they want. Furthermore, they assert that school uniforms are not as comfortable astheir own clothes. Today, the students are very lucky because the uniforms are designed according the students’ taste. A decade agofor example, girls weren’t used to wear trousers, or T-shirts, but now they can wear and they are as comfortable as their own clothes. Taking into account all the given opinions on wearing uniforms, I can conclude that students should wear uniforms in order to complywith rules and to have equality between each other. It is way to organize the schools. People ought to decide whether students shouldwear the uniform or not, yet I think that wearing uniform is a good idea while others oppose the idea.
  16. 16. THE END

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