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OER presentation

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OER presentation

  1. 1. Professor Asha Kanwar President & CEO, Commonwealth of Learning Open Education Resources (OER): what, why, how? March 26, 2015
  2. 2. Plan  A Decade of OER  Lessons Learned  COL Contributions  Future Directions
  3. 3. A DECADE OF OER
  4. 4. UNESCO HQ Paris 2002 Forum on the Impact of Open CourseWare for Higher Education in Developing Countries
  5. 5. Open Educational Resources (OER) OER are teaching, learning and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits their free use and in some instances, re-purposing by others Atkins, Brown & Hammond, 2007
  6. 6. What are Open Education Resources (OERs)? Materials that are  Free and freely available  Suitable for all levels  Reusable
  7. 7. The Virtual University for Small States of the Commonwealth
  8. 8. World Congress on Open Educational Resources Paris – June 20-22 – 2012 Paris Declaration
  9. 9. Photo:CC-BYDavideStorti The 2012 Paris OER Declaration drafting group at UNESCO Headquarters, Paris, France Paris Declaration on OER  Foster awareness and use of OER  Encourage the development and adaptation of OER in a variety of languages and cultural contexts  Encourage the open licensing of educational materials produced with public funds.
  10. 10. Why OER?  Reduces costs  Enhance access  Improve quality
  11. 11. Access: Malawi  Bunda College of Agriculture  102 page Communications Skills textbook  75% OER  Adapted by adding contextually relevant materials, activities, assignments
  12. 12. Access: translation CORE COL ID template translated and adapted by Open University of China COL materials in Ukrainian
  13. 13. Can OER contribute to Quality?  611 institutions in India – KSS Women’s Engineering College, Andhra Pradesh – Maya Devi Educational Foundation, Uttarakhand – Bhilai Institute of Technology, Chattisgarh
  14. 14. OER and Textbooks  USA: Utah Open Textbooks project: $5 per printed and zero for online content  South Africa: R 1.5 billion for textbooks: Department of Basic Education decides to develop OER textbooks.
  15. 15. Open Textbooks http://www.caribbeanoer.org
  16. 16. WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED?
  17. 17.  Surge in secondary education  Need for skills development 1. Beyond Higher Education…
  18. 18. 2. Harnessing the potential of Mobile technologies  Connectivity is less of a concern in Higher Education sector  Digital divide still exists at the primary and secondary education levels
  19. 19. 3. Multi-directional exchanges University of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
  20. 20. 4. Open Licensing: More Advocacy
  21. 21. Creative Commons
  22. 22. Key trends in OER 2014  Advocacy helps: quantitative increases  Developing countries have emerged as significant contributors  Policies adopted & implemented: e.g. India, Antigua & Barbuda
  23. 23. COL CONTRIBUTIONS
  24. 24. What does COL do?  Advocacy  Policy development  Capacity building  Publications
  25. 25. Advocacy  Southern Africa Regional Policy Advocacy Workshop – May 2013 – 11 SADC countries
  26. 26. COL Resources
  27. 27. Policy Development: the Caribbean  ICT in Education policy developed with COL assistance – April 2013  Integrates specific provisions related to OER – The Ministry of Education will adopt a CC attribution license as the default for all material produced with public funds. – Will encourage all development agencies and foundations operating in Antigua to do the same.
  28. 28. OER for open schooling (OER4OS) Schools Teachers Consultants Ministries of Education
  29. 29. OERELT in Kenya
  30. 30. Quality Guidelines for Open Educational Resources Teaching and learning processes Information and material contents Presentation, products and formats System, technical and technology http://www.cemca.org.in/ckfinder/userfiles/files/OERQ_TIPS_978-81-88770-07-6.pdf
  31. 31. Directory of Open Educational Resource (DOER)  Open Educational Resources directory service  Only full courses catalogued  A service provided by COL
  32. 32. ISSUES
  33. 33. 1. The Digital Divide (Commonwealth countries) Source: Latest data from International Telecommunications Union Database http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ICTEYE/Reporting/DynamicReportWizard.aspx 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Africa Asia Caribbean Europe North America Pacific Proportion of households with Internet access Proportion of households with Computer access
  34. 34. the network society…. is a major source of the structuration of power relationships. Manuel Castells
  35. 35. Justin Reich in https://edutechdebate.org/oer-and-digital-divide/open-educational-resources-expand-educational- inequalities/ 2. Open Educational Resources Expand Educational Inequalities
  36. 36. Open Educational Resources Expand Educational Inequalities  … teachers working in schools serving low income students simply can't make as much use of…. the technology ….. because they lack the planning time, broadband access, etc. In this model, schools with greater fiscal and human resources have more capacity to take advantage of even free and open resources. Justin Reich in https://edutechdebate.org/oer-and-digital-divide/open-educational-resources-expand-educational- inequalities/
  37. 37. 3. Challenges for Stakeholders  Teachers: difficult to locate, adapt, and re- purpose OER material relevant to their work.  Learners: OER should be more open and multi- modal.  Technical support: lack of standard practices in the packaging and re-use of OER.  Management: concerns regarding intellectual property; copyright issues and competition OER Survey, Asia, 2011 (WOU, IDRC)
  38. 38. 4. Involvement of stakeholders Involving different stakeholders to participate, collaborate, create and share; Encouraging consumers to become the producers of knowledge; Involving teachers and students
  39. 39. POLICY & PRACTICE
  40. 40. PNG can  Develop a dynamic ICT in Education policy  Propose a vision and strategy for OER at all levels of education  Recognise OER-development at par with academic publications to reward faculty in promotions
  41. 41. OER Policies  South Africa: Draft Policy Framework for the Provision of Distance Education in South African Universities (Page 28, MHET will establish a Task Team that will play an awareness- raising and advocacy role around the use of OER)  Mauritius: Education and Human Resources Strategy Plan 2008-2020 (page 119, 1.3 promote e-learning and Open Educational Resources)  India: National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER)
  42. 42. Institutions can  develop an OER policy  elaborate a policy on copyright  provide incentives for faculty members such as increments and recognition of OER- development towards promotions  develop a strategy for involving stakeholders
  43. 43. From your perspective:  What are the THREE most pressing challenges for adopting OER?  How do you propose to overcome these?  What would be your THREE key recommendations in the PNG context?
  44. 44. THANK YOU www.col.org

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  • lystra

    Mar. 21, 2017

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