Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment


  1. 1. Plant Classification ©2007-2008 Norm Ivey
  2. 2. Plant Study Guide Part I <ul><li>Identify the characteristics of vascular and non-vascular plants (tissue structure). </li></ul><ul><li>Explain what phloem and xylem are. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the characteristics of spore-producing and seed-producing plants (reproductive structure). </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the characteristics of cone-bearing and flowering plants (reproductive structure). </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the characteristics of monocot and dicot plants (reproductive structure). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vascular Tissues <ul><li>Xylem and phloem are tubes within some plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Xylem carry water from the roots of the plant up to the stems and leaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Phloem carry food from the leaves down to the stem and roots. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Have tissues called phloem and xylem (vascular tissues) within them. </li></ul><ul><li>Can grow in places where water is relatively scarce. </li></ul><ul><li>Can grow very tall. </li></ul><ul><li>Are divided into 2 groups: woody and herbaceous. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: all plants except except moss, liverworts and hornworts. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not have phloem and xylem. </li></ul><ul><li>Must grow close to a source of water. </li></ul><ul><li>Are usually very short. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: moss, liverworts and hornworts. </li></ul>Vascular Plants Nonvascular Plants
  5. 5. <ul><li>Have phloem and xylem which grow in rings. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a hard outside covering (bark). </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: trees and roses </li></ul><ul><li>Have phloem and xylem which grow in bundles. </li></ul><ul><li>Have soft, flexible stems. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: garden vegetables and flowers </li></ul>Woody Plants Herbaceous Plants
  6. 6. <ul><li>Reproduce asexually. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: ferns, club mosses </li></ul><ul><li>Have true leaves, stems and roots. </li></ul><ul><li>Require male and female plants or male and female plant parts. </li></ul>Spore Producing Seed Plants
  7. 7. <ul><li>Produce seeds in cones (like pine cones) </li></ul><ul><li>Classified as gymnosperms </li></ul><ul><li>Examples are spruces, pines, and redwoods </li></ul><ul><li>Produce flowers, fruits and seeds. </li></ul><ul><li>Also called angiosperms </li></ul><ul><li>Some flowers and fruits are called insignificant because they are small and often unoticed. </li></ul>Cone-bearing Flowering Plants
  8. 8. <ul><li>Have one cotyledon (food storage structure) </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves are long and slender </li></ul><ul><li>Veins are parallel </li></ul><ul><li>Flowers have petals in multiples of three </li></ul><ul><li>Have 2 cotyledons </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves are usually wide </li></ul><ul><li>Veins form branching patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Flowers have multiples of 4 or 5 </li></ul>Monocot Seeds Dicot Seeds