READING COMPREHENSION - SUMMARY

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READING COMPREHENSION - SUMMARY

  1. 1. READING/COMPREHENSION/ SUMMARY THEMES:  People  Environment  Values  Health  Science and Technology hny / gc / sttj
  2. 2. TYPES OF PASSAGES DESCRIPTIVE NARRATIVE FACTUAL EXPOSITORY hny / gc / sttj
  3. 3. TYPES OF COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS 1. FACTUAL –  to give info : how many children were there ? To state or list – List two benefits of… To read for details/find evidence – How did the man escape? hny / gc / sttj
  4. 4. TYPES OF COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS 2. VOCABULARY –  Word replacement : Find a word to replace  Word or phrase explanation : Explain the meaning of …/ What does juvenile mean ?  Word identification : Find a word/phrase which means …  Which phrase in paragraph 1 indicates… hny / gc / sttj
  5. 5. TYPES OF COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS 3. INFERENTIAL – To read what the writer implies but not stated explicitly : How do you think the writer feels about his job? In what way has the tsunami affected Mary? What are the implications of this experiment? hny / gc / sttj
  6. 6. TYPES OF COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS 4. EVALUATIVE –  To give your opinions – What do you think …..?  Suggest other ways….  Do you agree with …..? Give a reason hny / gc / sttj
  7. 7. MARKING SCHEME 10 questions or less 10 marks 1, 2 or 0 mark hny / gc / sttj
  8. 8. HOW TO ANSWER COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS STEP 1 – Skim the passage to get a general idea STEP 2 – Read the questions carefully STEP 3 – Read the passage again Underline important points hny / gc / sttj
  9. 9. HOW TO ANSWER COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS STEP 4 – Answer the questions briefly STEP 5 – When you are asked to give evidence/quote a phrase/give a word or sentence, use quotation marks hny / gc / sttj
  10. 10. HOW TO ANSWER COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS STEP 6 -  Answer the question in the order set STEP 7 –  Lift / copy but intelligently and not wholesale copying STEP 8 –  Check answers again if there’s time hny / gc / sttj
  11. 11. QUESTION TYPE Where …. (place/location) When …. (time/period) What …. (matter) eg : What happened to the writer ? What did Jerry give to Tom as a birthday present ? What was Matilde’s feelings when she knew the necklace was fake? Why …. (reasons) How …. (manner) hny / gc / sttj
  12. 12. QUESTION TYPE Which …. (specific) eg: Which car is yours ? Which Harry Potter’s book do you like ? Who …. (people) eg: Who is your favourite person? ? Who wants to go to town? How …. (numbers, distance, length, transport, price etc )? hny / gc / sttj
  13. 13. Examples of the uses of “How…” How many students are there in the hall? How far is Seremban from Rembau? How many centimetres make a meter? How much is that sports car ? How do you come to school ? hny / gc / sttj
  14. 14. SUMMARY What is summary ? A brief statement of important points of a text – key words Use own words/ideas No personal opinion given Leave out dialogues, details, idioms etc hny / gc / sttj
  15. 15. TECHNIQUES OF SUMMARY WRITING Read the passage ONCE Read the question. Understand what you have to DO eg. What did Mary do to save the cat ? Common words asked : reactions, how she felt, benefits, advantages, what happened, list down the (process) Underline important facts and ideas Write in ONE paragraph only. No INDENT! hny / gc / sttj
  16. 16. SUMMARY OBJECTIVES : To – Select and retrieve relevant info from the text Use the info given in the passage Paraphrase / Lift intelligently and effectively Organise the points/information Summarise the points accuratey hny / gc / sttj
  17. 17. WORD COUNT 120 WORDS plus 10 words given Example of 1 word : Three – dimensional / pre – writing / 20  2 words : Harun Jalil / Perak River 3 words : 20 to 45 hny / gc / sttj
  18. 18. MARKING SCHEME Content - 10 marks Style and presentation – Paraphrase – 5m Use of English – 5 marks = 10 /2 = 5m Total = 15 marks * If content > 10, marks still 10 hny / gc / sttj

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