Present perfect

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explanation present perfect

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  • Norma thanks a lot.
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  • Carolina has been my friend for over five years. We have known each other since we were children. Just, she and her boyfriend Diego have moved to a house on the same treet as me, and now we go together to the university every day.
    Carolina and Diego have had a relationship for five years. They have played for the same volleyball team every Saturday, Diego is a better player than Carolina, but last week he has had some trouble with his left arm. He has seen the doctor several times about his arm, but the doctor doesn't know what is causing his pain. For that reason Diego has decided to take a break from volleyball for a while, so that his arm can recover.
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Present perfect

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECT<br />FORM<br /> <br />P.P <br />[has/have]<br /> <br />+<br />+<br />pastparticiple]<br /> <br />
  2. 2. look at this<br />HEHAS READ A BOOK<br />
  3. 3. SHEHAS EATEN CHOCOLATE<br />
  4. 4. Whendo weUSE it?<br /><ul><li>We use thePresentPerfecttosaythatanactionhappened at anunspecified time beforenow. Theexact time isnotimportant.
  5. 5. They have been in to the beach</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Foractionswhichstarted in thepast and are stillcontinuing in thepresent.
  6. 6. They have been frendsfor ten years</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Foractionswhichhaverecentlyfinished and theirresults are visible in thepresent.
  7. 7. Look at her. She is tired. She has been in the gym.</li></li></ul><li>Whencan weUSE it?<br />?<br />We CAN use thePresentPerfectwithunspecificexpressionssuch as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc. <br /> <br />
  8. 8. WhencannotweUSE it?<br />You CANNOT use thePresentPerfectwithspecific time expressionssuch as: yesterday, oneyearago, lastweek, when I was a child, when I lived in Medellin, at thatmoment, thatday, oneday, etc.<br />?<br />
  9. 9. contractions<br />I´ve = I have<br />You´ve = You have<br />He ´s = He has<br />She´s = She has<br /> It´s = It has<br />We´ve = We have<br />You´ve = You have<br />They´ve = They have<br />
  10. 10. Presentperfect<br />aFFIRMATIVE<br />I have Fished<br />You have Fished<br />He hasFished<br />She hasFished<br /> It hasFished<br />We have Fished<br />You have Fished<br />They have Fished<br />
  11. 11. Presentperfect<br />negative<br />I haven´t understood<br />You haven´t understood<br />He hasn´t understood<br />She hasn´tunderstood<br /> It hasn´tunderstood<br />We haven´t understood<br />You haven´t understood<br />They haven´t understood<br />
  12. 12. Presentperfect<br />INTERROgative<br />Have I Flown ?<br />Have you Flown ?<br />Has he Flown ?<br />HasShe Flown ?<br />Has it Flown ?<br />Have we Flown ?<br />Have you Flown ?<br />Have they Flown ?<br />
  13. 13. Examples<br /> <br />I havebeento Cartagena.<br />Thissentencemeansthatyouhavehadtheexperience of being in Cartagena. Maybeyouhavebeenthere once, orseveral times. <br />I havebeento Cartagena four times.<br />You can addthenumber of times at theend of thesentence. <br />I haveneverbeento Cartagena.<br />Thissentencemeansthatyouhavenothadtheexperience of goingto Cartagena. <br />
  14. 14. Makingthecorrectform. <br /> Carolina (be)_______ my friend for over 5 years. We (know)_______ each other since we were children. Just, she and his boyfriend Diego (move)________ to a house on the same street as me, and now we go together to the university every day.<br /> Carolina and Diego (have)________ a relationship for five years. They (play)_________ for the same volleyball team every Saturday, Diego is a better player than Carolina, but in the last week he (have)_________ some trouble with his left arm. He (see)_______ the doctor several times about his arm, but the doctor doesn't know what is causing his pain. For that reason Diego (decide)______ to take a break from volleyball for a while, so that his arm can recover. <br />
  15. 15. bibliography<br />LARSEN-FREEMAN Diane,Grammar Domensions,2000;Madrid España<br />SASLOW Allen, Top Notch 2006; New York<br />HEWINGS Martin, Advanced Grammar in use,1999;New York.<br />Images and informationon:<br />1.http://www.linkmesh.com/gente<br />http://google/presentperfect.com<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fnzlOYaeOwU<br />
  16. 16. Thankyou<br />
  17. 17. BY:NORMA GARCÍA FONSECAUNIVERSIDAD PEDAGÓGICA NACIONALDEPARTAMENTO DE LENGUASLICENCIATURA EN : ESPAÑOL- INGLÉS Y HUMANIDADES 2011<br />

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