U10 Interchange 3


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U10 Interchange 3

  1. 1. Unit 10 The past and the future Referring to time in the past and predicting the future with will Lic. Selene Rodríguez Lic. Norma Dzib 2008 / 2009
  2. 2. Referring to time in the past <ul><li>A point of time in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>When did World War II take place? </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1940’s. In the 1940’s. Over 60 years ago . </li></ul><ul><li>A period of time that continues into the present. </li></ul><ul><li>How long has the United Nations been in existence? </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1945. Since World War II ended. For about the last 60 years. </li></ul><ul><li>A period of time in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>How long were the Beatles together? </li></ul><ul><li>From 1960 to 1970. For ten years. </li></ul>
  3. 3. PRACTICE <ul><li>Complete the paragraphs with words from the grammar section. </li></ul><ul><li>(Using since, for, in, ago, to.) </li></ul><ul><li>Rock music has been popular ………. more than50 years. The Beatles were a well – known English band ………. the 1960’s. They performed together ………. ten years - ….. 1960 …. 1970. In 2003, the Beatles released another album, even though two of the original members had already died. The album was recorded …… 1969, nearly 40 years ………. . </li></ul><ul><li>……… . 2003, the United States launched two Mars exploration spacecraft. Their mission, which lasted ………. more than a year, was to gather information about the rocks, soil, and atmosphere on Mars using rovers called Spirit and Opportunity. The rovers functioned longer than anyone expected – scientists thought they would last ………. only four months on Mars. ……….. that time they have sent back thousands of live pictures of the surface of Mars. </li></ul>
  4. 4. PRACTICE <ul><li>Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words. </li></ul><ul><li>A person first __________ (walk) on the moon in 1969. </li></ul><ul><li>There __________ (be) satellites in space since 1957. </li></ul><ul><li>Titov and Manarov __________ on the Mir space station for 366 days. </li></ul><ul><li>A person __________ (not walk) on the moon for more than thirty years. </li></ul><ul><li>No one __________ (walk) on Mars yet </li></ul><ul><li>The space probe Cassini __________ (fly) to Saturn from 1997 to 2004. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Predicting the future with will Use will to predict future events or situations Computers will recognize any voice command. You won’t need a keyboard Use future continuous to predict on going actions People will be living in cities under the ocean Use future perfect to predict actions that will be completed by a certain time Within 20 years, scientists will have discovered a cure for baldness. By 2050, we will have set up communities on Mars
  6. 6. <ul><li>Will, won’t, shall , for simple predictions </li></ul><ul><li>We use will or won’t when we make simple predictions about future actions or situations. </li></ul><ul><li>The hotels will be cheaper in October. </li></ul><ul><li>But the weather won’t be as good. </li></ul><ul><li>After I and we, we can use will or shall in affirmative sentences. But we normally use the short forms (I’ll, we’ll) </li></ul><ul><li>We’ll have to take winter clothes. </li></ul><ul><li>In negative sentences, after I and we, we can use won’t. </li></ul><ul><li>We won’t have time to see everything </li></ul><ul><li>We often use I (don’t) think, I (don’t) expect, I’m sure, I’m afraid and probably, definitely, perhaps, etc. with will and won’t. </li></ul><ul><li>I think it’ll be better. We’ll probably have to travel for hours </li></ul>
  7. 7. PRACTICE <ul><li>Complete these predictions with the correct verb forms. More than one answer is possible. (Use will or won´t) </li></ul><ul><li>In ten years, flights from New York to Tokyo ………. less than two hours. (take) </li></ul><ul><li>Soon they ………. computers that can translate perfectly from one language to another. (sell) </li></ul><ul><li>By the middle of the twenty – first century, scientists ………. a way to prevent aging. (discover) </li></ul><ul><li>Sometime in the future, scientists ………. a machine that transmits our thoughts. (invent) </li></ul><ul><li>Within 50 years, people………. on the moon. (live) </li></ul><ul><li>In less than a century, global warming ………. most of the polar ice caps and many coastal cities ………. . (melt / disappear) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Future Forms Future Form Use Example Will/won´t, Be going to Predictions The new stadium won´t be ready in time for the final. It is going to be ready. I saw an article about it in the newspaper. Will Decisions made at the time of speaking Someone´s at the door. I´ ll get it . Be going to Future intentions He´s going to be a lawyer when he grows up. Present continuous Future plans and arrangements I´m playing tennis on Wednesday afternoon. Present simple Timetables The movie starts at 8:30.
  9. 9. Bibliography Richards, Jack C. Interchange Third Edition Cambridge University Press 2005 Taylor Annie Elevator 4, Language Lift Richmond Publishing 2007