What is a noun


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What is a noun

  1. 1. What is a Noun? A noun is a word that names a person, animal, place, thing, idea, or concept. There are more nouns in the English Language than any other kind of words
  2. 2. <ul><li>Noun lists that follow each category are only partial ones. Noun examples Persons: girl, boy, instructor, student, Mr. Smith, Peter, president Animals: dog, cat, shark, hamster, fish, bear, flea Places: gym, store, school, Lake Minnetonka, Minnesota, village, Europe Things: computer, pen, notebook, mailbox, bush, tree, cornflakes Ideas: liberty, panic, attention, knowledge, compassion, worship </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Singular and Plural Nouns Formation of Plural Nouns Singular means one of something. Plural means more than one </li></ul><ul><li>You can make most nouns plural by just adding -s one tree - four tree s one boat – a river full of boat s </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>If the noun ends with -y and the letter before the -y is a consonant, change the -y to -i and add -es to make the noun plural. arm y – arm ies suppl y - suppl ies sk y - sk ies Nouns ending in -ff become plural by adding -s tariff - tariff s sheriff - sheriff s plaintiff - plaintiff s </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>If the noun ends with -s, -ch, -sh, -x , or -z , add -es to make it plural. witness–witness es church – church es dish– dish es fox - fox es buzz – buzz es </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>If the noun ends with -y and the letter before the -y is a vowel, add -s to make the noun plural. boy–boy s bay – bay s key – key s toy - toy s </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The inconsistency of rules is shown in the plurals of nouns which ends in –f or -fe Some become plural by replacing the -f to -v and adding -s or -es kni fe - kni ves wi fe - wi ves hal f - hal ves lea f - lea ves Other nouns ending in -f or -fe become plural by only adding -s belief - belief s proof - proof s chief - chief s </li></ul>
  8. 8. Common and Proper Nouns <ul><li>A common noun names any regular, ordinary person, animal, place, thing, or idea. Nothing specific. A proper noun names a very specific, very particular person, animal, place, thing, or idea. A proper noun always begins with capital letter (is capitalized).   </li></ul>
  9. 9. Concrete and Abstract Nouns <ul><li>A concrete noun names a person, animal, place, or thing that you can actually see, touch, taste, hear, or smell. List of concrete nouns: spaghetti, muffins, perfume, water, book, room, pen, composer, boy, car </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>An abstract noun names an idea, feeling, emotion, or quality that cannot be detected by your five senses. List of abstract nouns: prettiness, pleasure, annoyance, skill, nature, communication, love, velocity, education </li></ul>
  11. 11. Collective Nouns <ul><li>A collective noun names a group of people, animals or things.   Sample noun lists. People: audience, crowd, jury, family, group, nation, staff, cast, gang, team Animals: flock, colony, swarm, gaggle, herd Things: bunch, bundle, set, stack, cache, batch, bouquet </li></ul>
  12. 12. Compound nouns <ul><li>A compound noun is made up of two or more words used together.   Compound nouns can be One word: shoelace, keyboard, flashlight, applesauce, notebook, bedroom Hyphenated: sky-scraper, boy-friend, baby-sitter,, great-grandfather Two words: police officer, seat belt, high school, word processor, post office </li></ul>
  13. 13. Types of compound nouns (hyphen) <ul><li>The ‘solid’ or ‘closed’ forms in which two usually moderately short words appear together as one. Solid compounds most likely consist of short ( monosyllabic ) units that often have been established in the language for a long time. Examples are housewife , lawsuit , wallpaper , etc. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>The hyphenated form in which two or more words are connected by a hyphen . Compounds that contain affixes , such as house-build(er) and single-mind(ed)(ness) , as well as adjective-adjective compounds and verb-verb compounds, such as blue-green and freeze-dry , are often hyphenated. Compounds that contain articles, such as mother-of-pearl and salt-and-pepper , editor-in-chief are also often hyphenated. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The open or spaced form consisting of newer combinations of usually longer words, such as distance learning , player piano , lawn tennis , etc. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Usage in the US and in the UK differs and often depends on the individual choice of the writer rather than on a hard-and-fast rule; therefore, open, hyphenated, and closed forms may be encountered for the same compound noun, such as the triplets container ship / container-ship / containership and particle board / particle-board / particleboard . </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>In addition to this native English compounding, there is the classical type, which consists of words derived from Latin, as horticulture , and those of Greek origin, such as photography , the components of which are in bound form (connected by connecting vowels, which are most often -i- and -o- in Latin and Greek respectively) and cannot stand alone.' </li></ul>