http://www.thrombosisadviser.com/html/images/library/atherothrombosis/ischemia-stroke-embolus-illustration-PU.jpgManagement of Stroke
Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain becomes weak and burst causing blood to leak into the brain. Enlarge Hematoma (pooling of blood)http://i.cdn.turner.com/cnn/interactive/health/0807/explainer.heart.vs.stroke/images/stroke.hemorrhagic.jpg
Ischemic stroke occurs when blood flow is blocked from the brain via blood clot. This happens in two ways:Thrombotic StrokeEmbolic Stroke 85% of strokes are Ischemic http://biomed.brown.edu/Courses/BI108/BI108_2008_Groups/group06/Images/Blood%20clot.JPGhttp://www.americanheart.org
There is no lasting damage because, the blood vessel isn't completely clogged. Either it is letting some blood through but not all. Most likely it was clogged and the bloods pressure pushed it troughIts important because knowing you have them and, seeing a doctor could prevent a major stroke in your future. The hardest part is knowing you have the “mini strokes”. The vessel is only clogged for a short amount of time which means, symptoms occur rapidly. Most TIAs only last up to less then 5 minutes. On average they will only last up to one minute. Warning signs are the same a stroke. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_HN8GExyqMeY/SwdqlOxVBEI/AAAAAAAAAjk/8o5lgz2Aeq4/s1600/brain+poor+activity.jpg
A Thrombotic stroke is a stroke caused by a blood clod or called a thrombus. Its develops in the arteries of the brain. Commonly on older people. Especially ones that have high cholesterol or other fat that builds up on the walls of blood vessels. The symptoms of this stroke can occur suddenly. They often happen at night when sleeping or early in the morning. If it is any other times it can gradually build up over hours or days. This is called stroke-in-evolution. Thrombotic stroke can effects large or small parts of the brain. When it effects a smaller part of the brain it is called lacunar stroke.A Thrombotic stroke is caused by fatty plaque to build up on the artery walls, making the blood hard to get to the brain.These storkes work like a regular stroke they will form a blood clot and kill areas of the brin. A much less common cause of thrombotic stroke is migraine headache. In especially severe cases, a migraine headache can cause a brain artery to go into spasm for a long time, which can allow a blood clot to form.http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/assets/2008/10/29/2008102931.jpg
This stroke is some what like a thrombotic stroke. Instead of the blood clot starting in the brain, it will start some where else in the body. Then it travels through the blood stream to the brain artery. This is also called embolus. This type of stroke often happenhttp:as a result of heart surgery or heart disease. This happens without any warning signshttp://www.americanheart.org//www.buzzle.com/img/articleImages/295666-25812-59.jpgs
This is the largest part of the brain. It controls thought memory and senses. It is divided into two main parts, right and left hemispherehttp://www.hscripts.com/freeimages/icons/human/cerebrum/cerebrum3.gif
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Midbrain.pngvision, hearing, eye movement, and body movement.
Cerebellum (Hindbrain)- Smaller part towards the back of your brain. This part of your brain controls coordination and voluntary movement.http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2a/Cerebellum.png
Brain stem- Attention, arousal and consciousnesshttp://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7b/Brainstem.png&imgrefurl=http://commons.wikimedia.org
The longer time that it takes for the brain being deprived of blood flow the more tissue will be damaged. The effects of a stoke have many factors. One being location and the other being how much brain tissue is effected. http://pinklilybit.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/question-mark.jpghttp://www.strokeassociation.org
http://caro.officialpsds.com/images/thumbs/Caution-Tape-psd42482.pnghttp://www.strokeassociation.orgManagement of Stroke
Emotional lability- mood swings, uncontrollable laughing and/or crying also, depression. Neglect or inattention- This occurs when a persons limb is paralyzed. They will completely forget about that part of their body, bumping into things, not dressing themselves fully. Having a stroke also interferes with a person perception. They may now do things differently then before. Such as the the objects they would use in their everyday life now seem pointless. Vision Balance Aphasia- Having trouble understand speech or speaking your mind. This also effects reading and writing This happens when the left side of your brain is effected. Having your left side effect could cause your right side to get weaker. Dysarthria – This happens when you have a stroke and you speech is slurred because the muscles in your mouth have weakened. Dysphagia – When the mouth is weaked causing one not to be able to eat or swallow properly which may cause choking Management of Strokehttp://www.stroke.org
Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the bodySudden confusion, trouble speaking or understandingSudden trouble seeing in one or both eyesSudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordinationSudden, severe headache with no known causehttp://www.strokeassociation.orghttp://diabetes-warning-signs.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/diabetes-warning-sign-triangle-exclamation-point.jpgA Practical Understanding Approach
This is extremely important if you are around someone that is having a stroke. Once again time is the key thing when a person is having a stroke. Although you will feel the pressure you need to calm down to act rationally and look for signs of what is happening to the person near you. This is also a good reason to know your family history because you will need to tell the doctor if it were you and you also will know what is wrong if its your grandmother. It will help when you call 911 because the paramedics could then bring something to help the situation at Within the first three hours of symptoms things can be prevented. A clot-bursting drug can reduce long term disabilities. http://www.stroke.org.nz/images/campaigns/campaignsFast.gif
This is very improtant to a person that could be having a stroke. Because time is such an important thing that is something that one cannot stress enough ! Its hard to put your self in someone who is having a stokre in there shoes. Everyone first reaction would be to panick but what if you get up and fall over and hurt your self more. You have to be very careful exspeacailly if you are alone. http://opticalmigraine.org/images/migraine/migraine_250x251.jpghttp://www.calledintowork.com/Editor/assets/double%20vision2.jpgA Practical Understanding Approach
The risk for experiencing a stroke increases with age More women die of stroke than men and risk increases after menopausePregnancy and the use of birth control pills present special risks of stoke for women.Risk for stroke is greater if you have a family history of strokeAfrican American and Hispanic Americans are more likely to have high blood pressure and suffer from strokes earlier in life with more severe results A person who has experienced a stroke in the past is at higher risk of having another one.If you have had a previous stroke, maintaining a healthy lifestyle is critical to reducing potential risk factorswww.americaseniorfirst.comhttp://www.uq.edu.au/weallcount/images/designcomp/dcarroll.jpg100 Questions and Answers about a Stroke
Alcohol is good because it will break down things that could possible stick together and will help prevent clogged arteries. Use of some forms of birth control in conjunction with tobacco products may increase you risk of a stroke. One or Two drinks a day may increase “good” cholesterol (HDL). However excessive alcohol use can contribute to high blood pressure and heart disease. Physical activity can help to reduce other rick factors- high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, excess body weight and diabetesObesity increases your risk not only of stroke but of, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, gallbladder disease, sleep apnea & respiratory problems, some cancers. Limit the consumption of foods that are high in total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, salt and refined sugars.Increase your intake of fruits and vegetables, nuts and whole grains. Food with a lot of antioxidants. After the age of 50 or sooner there are noninvasive test they can give you in a part to preventhttp://www.thesafecig.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/cigarette.jpgwww.americaseniorfirst.comhttp://www.stainexpert.co.uk/images/1736.jpghttp://www.medshop.com.au/images/D/stethoscope_littmann_classic_bk.jpg
Secondary strokes often have a higher rate of disability because parts of the brain already injured by the original may not be as resilient.http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.jssm.org/vol6/n4/20/fig1.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.jssm.org/vol6/n4/20/F1.htm&usg=__3H0K5pyUlPkvri50lByLIm0FEAQ=&h=491&w=781&sz=32&hl=en&start=69&sig2=__SFFvGQIVdQ3nzBGIqySA&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=SJ07Veu9bHr1DM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=143&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dstroke%2Bline%2Bgraphs%26start%3D60%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26ndsp%3D20%26tbs%3Disch:1&ei=OoP0S9eAG4H-8Abw5_nEDQ100 Questions and Answers about a Stroke
http://www.phpguru.org/static/canvas100 Questions and Answers about a Stroke
http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3086/3234244229_b06908bd1f.jpg100 Questions and Answers about a Stroke
Computerized Tomography Scan- Commonly known as a CT scan. This test is done when the patient first get to the hospital and, is suspected of a stroke. It tells the difference between Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. This test involves low dose x-rays to see the brain.Magnetic Resonance Imaging- Commonly known as a MRI. This test precisely locates the stroke and determines the extent of damage. This is a very useful tool when it comes to blood vessels.Magnetic Resonance Angiography- Also known as MRA. This is a new noninvasive technology for imaging blood vesselshttp://www.strokeassociation.orghttp://i.cdn.turner.com/cnn/2010/OPINION/03/23/brizendine.male.brain/c1main.brain.scans.gi.jpg
Most return of function happens the first few days or weeks, if it doesn’t happen within a few months commonly six months then there is little chance change will happen.Although many cases can improve within years by walking, reading, writing, running and talking.It will only improve as much as the patient wants to.This is one of the most hardest thing for the family and the patient because they do tent to get depress and this can cause anger and other things. This is hard for the care taker. By the patient getting depressed or irritable it doesn’t help the process of getting any better. They will only get as better as they want to be. http://www.ajmorrisphysiotherapy.com.au/MyImages/logo%202.jpghttp://www.stroke.orghttp://share.triangle.com/sites/share-uda.triangle.com/files/helping%20hand%20logo.jpghttp://www.chiropracticassociates.co.uk/images/weights_and_apples.jpgStroke Care: A Practical GuideThe Comfort of Home for Stroke: A Guide to Stroke Caregivers
In Conclusion, Strokes are a major health problem in the U.S today. In the time it has taken me to do this presentation, it is likely that three more people have suffered from a stroke. It is essential to know the symptoms and how to respond quickly. More Americans need to be aware of stroke symptoms, treatment and best preventative measures. As the population ages, the problem will more likely become worse if unattended. I learned a lot by doing this project and I want to continue spreading hope about this problem. http://image.shutterstock.com/display_pic_with_logo/4520/4520,1158111917,2/stock-photo-red-velvet-theater-curtains-over-white-background-1833468.jpg
Stroke <br />Nicolette Orach <br />
Thesis<br />When Someone has a Stroke, their brain looses oxygen and, is being damaged within seconds. The body becomes paralyzed and confused, act F.A.S.T<br />
Stroke<br />Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) <br />Stroke happens when blood flow to any part of the brain is interrupted. A blood vessel could be blocked or it burst. Causing lack of oxygen to the brain. Which then kills brain cells causing damage to the brain. <br />
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)<br />A TIA is a “mini stroke” or “ warning stroke” . It produces stroke like symptoms but no lasting damage. <br /><ul><li>TIAs are important in predicting when the actual stroke will occur. They can occur days, weeks or months before a major stroke. More then half of people will have a stroke within that year. </li></li></ul><li>Thrombotic Stroke<br />
How Strokes Affect the Brain <br />If the Right side is effected any of the following could happen..<br />Paralysis of left side of the body<br />Vision Problems<br />Quick, Inquisitive behavior <br />Memory loss<br />
How Strokes Affect the Brain.<br />If the Left side effected any of the following could happen..<br />Paralysis of the right side of the body<br />Speech and language problems<br />Slow, cautious behavior<br />Memory loss <br />
Side Effects of a Stroke<br />Emotional lability<br />Neglect or inattention<br />Vision<br />Balance <br />Aphasia<br />Dysarthria<br />Dysphagia<br />
If YOU are the one having a stroke.<br />WALK- Check and see if your balance is off.<br />TALK – Listen if your speech is slurred or your face is droopy.<br />REACH- Reach out your hand is your vision all or partly lost.<br />FEEL- Do you have a severe headache?<br />
Stroke Risk factors you cannot control<br />Age <br />Gender<br />Heredity<br />Race<br />History of Prior Stroke <br />
Stroke Risk Factors that You Can Control<br />Stop the usage of tobacco products <br />Avoid excessive alcohol use<br />Remain Physically active<br /> Manage your weight<br />Maintain a healthy diet <br />Go see a doctor<br />
<ul><li>In the United States, stroke is the third leading cause of death, killing 144,000 people each year, and a leading cause of serious long-term adult disability
795,000 Americans experience a stroke each year, and one out of every five will have another stroke with five years.
Within five years of a stroke, 24 percent of women and 42 percent of men will experience a secondary stroke.
Up to 35 percent of all people who experience TIAs will go on to have a stroke.
From 1995 to 2005, the stroke death rate fell approximately 30 percent and the actual number of stoke deaths fell by 14 percent.</li></ul>Statistics <br />http://www.strokeassociation.org<br />
Statistics Continued…<br /><ul><li> Two million brain cells die every minute during stroke, increasing risk of permanent brain damage.
The estimated direct and indirect cost of a stroke for 2009 was $68.9 billion.
Approximately 55,000 more women then men have a stroke each year.
Stroke can happen to anyone at any time, regardless of race, sex or age.</li></ul>http://www.strokeassociation.org<br />
Women and Stroke<br />Stroke kills twice as many women as breast cancer every year.<br />More than 30% of strokes occur in women before the age of 65.<br />More than 100,000 women died from a stroke last year.<br />Women also do not always experience classic symptoms <br />http://www.strokeassociation.org<br />
Work Cited <br />http://www.stroke.org/site/PageServer?pagename=HOME <br />The Comfort of Home for Stroke: A Guide to Stroke Caregivers<br />100 Questions and Answers about a Stroke<br />Stroke Care: A Practical Guide<br /> A Practical Understanding Approach<br />Management of Stroke<br />http://www.strokeassociation.org<br />http://www.americanheart.org<br />